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English Speaking Countries


Inês Gonçalves

on 22 April 2013

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Transcript of English Speaking Countries

The United States of America Project work by Conceição Barros and Maria Inês Gonçalves 50 stars -> The current states The National symbols The flag 13 stripes - The original states The colours
(according to the book "Our Flag", published by the House of Representatives) Red - valour and hardiness; Blue - vigilance, perseverance and justice; White - purity and innocence. Did you know? There is also another interpretation, which is more related to George Washington and his ideas: The stars are taken from the sky; The red represents America's past, as it is also a part of the British flag; The white stripes are between the red ones to represent the separation between Britain and America. Other symbols The Great Seal The dollar The National Anthem The Bald Eagle The rose The Oak tree Political system Society and lifestyle A constitutional federal republic People have the power to elect those who represent them a group of states which are ruled by the same government Executive Legislative Judicial The Congress The House of Representatives Each state is represented in the House by a number of representatives, which depends on its population. The House has the power to create legislation, review bills and accuse public officials of misconduct before a court; The Senate Each state is represented by two senators. The Senate has the power to confirm Presidential appointments and treaties; Senators are allowed to speak for as long as they want about a topic of their choice, unless three-fifths of the senators choose to end the debate. Did you know? The Supreme Court The President Composed by the Chief Justice of the United States and other eight Justices. The President is the head of government, the head of state, the military commander-in-chief and the chief diplomat. It's function is to manage the executive branch and the internal policies, and it has the power to make treaties, to pardon criminals who offended the government, to formalize executive orders, as well as to veto the Congress' decisions. Their function is to deal with issues between states, to interpret the Constitution and to secure that the laws created aren't unconstitutional. Two party system Advantages Disadvantages More stable;
A larger part of the population can relate and agree with the government decisions;
They are less extreme. They usually ignore alternative points of views;
People tend to relate more to the party itself than to what they stand for. Republican party - a conservative party, which intends to fight against liberalism. It supports war as a way to defeat terrorism, gun-ownership, more power to the executive branch and global democracy. Democratic party - usually considered the "Party of the People", as it supports the minorities and the labor unions. Combating terrorism, , expanding the access to health care and protecting the environment are some of its worries. It is based on a constitution Third party Demography Languages spoken Over 300 languages Navajo English Spanish Chinese Portuguese 225, 488, 799 34, 183, 747 2, 455, 583 678, 334 170, 822 Traditions and costumes Holidays January - Martin Luther King Day - 3rd Monday February - President Day - 3rd Monday May - Memorial Day - Last Monday July - Independence Day - 4th September - Labor Day - 1st Monday October - Columbus Day - 2nd Monday November - Veteran's Day - 11th - Thanksgiving Day - 4th Thursday Picnics Fireworks Sports Fairs Parades Barbecues Population: 308, 745, 538 Race: White - 72,4%
African American - 12,6%
Asian - 4, 8%
American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders - 1,1%
Others - 9,1% Did you know? 16,3% of the total population is Hispanic or Latino Births (Natality): 3, 999, 386
Birth rate: 13 per 1000 Deaths (Mortality): 2, 468, 435
Death rate; 8 per 1000
Infant mortality: 6,15 per 1000 Foreign born: 12,9% of the population
17% of California's population was foreign born California is the most populated state Wyoming is the least populated state Age and gender: Tipping - In many services, consumers must tip around 15% of what they payed for; Total area 9, 826, 675 km 2 Land Water - 9, 161, 966 km 2 - 664, 709 km 2 1/2 Russia Natural Resources Coal;
Zinc; Iron; Mercury; Nickel; Tungsten; Natural gas; Silver; Petroleum. Did you know? The US have the largest coal reserves in the world - about 27% of its total Natural Hazards: Tsunamis;
Earthquake activity (Pacific Basin);
Hurricanes (Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico);
Tornadoes (Midwest and Southeast);
Mud slides (California);
Forest fires (West);
Permafrost (northern Alaska);
Volcanism: Active Extinct Hawaiian Islands, Western Alaska, the Pacific Northwest, and the Northern Mariana Islands;
Mount Pavlof (Alaska);
Mount St Helens. Mauna Loa (Hawaii) and Mount Rainier (Washington) were considered "Decade Volcanoes" by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, because of their explosive history and close proximity to human populations. Environment Air pollution;
Carbon dioxide emissions (from the burning of fossil fuels);
Water pollution (due to pesticides and fertilizers);
Limited natural freshwater resources in the western part of the country;
Desertification. Elevation extremes Sea Level Death Valley Mount McKinley Mauna Kea -86m 6, 194m 4, 207m Did you know? Mauna Kea rises 10, 200m above its base (the floor of the Pacific Ocean), which makes it the highest mountain on Earth. Family and marriage Although family is still very important in the Us, its structure has changed through recent decades. One out of every four children is born out of wedlock, Traditional nuclear family Despite these changes, the marriage rate in the Us is really high compared to most of western societies. No children. Therefore, families are used to change from state to state, not only because of education and employment but also just for a change. Moving is really common in the Us, and some people change from one place to another more than 15 times during their lifetime. The majority of elderly population prefers to remain independent. Men are expected to share household duties and play a role in raising their children. Yet, those who are not able to do so usually live in retirement communities or other institutions, as extended families are not common in the US. Recreation - a major part of the American lifestyle. Visiting friends and family is such a big part of the social life that people will travel long distances to do so. Socializing Sports - Americans give much importance to sports, especially baseball, basketball and American football, although other types of sports are also promoted, as it can be seen during the Olympics. Volunteering - helping others is seen as priority, and so there are many volunteers for numerous causes. 2x European Union Did you know? Large increase in the number of single-parent families. Yet, the divorce rate is on of the highest in the world. Diet and gastronomy The portions served in restaurants are much bigger than in other countries. In spite of being known by their love for fast food, Americans embrace an enormous range of foods from all over the world and have some very traditional dishes. Traditional American Turkey;
Maple syrup;
Sweet potatoes;
Corn. Ingredients: Dishes: Barbecue;
Crab cakes;
Chocolate chip cookies;
Slow cooked pork. Adapted from other parts of the world Burritos and tacos;
Pizza and pasta;
French fries;
Apple pie. Soul food Louisiana creole;
Tex-mex. Alcoholic drinks are widely available. However, due to religious or health reasons, many tend to abstain. American way of life Values and principles Integrity Self-discipline Pro-activity Humility Empathy Vacations - Unlike most Europeans, Americans only get two paid weeks of vacations; Metric system - Americans, despite of Congress' requirements, stay faithful to their ounces, miles and pounds; Groundhog Day - Religion Christian - 78,4% Jewish - 1,7% Buddhist - 0,7% Muslim - 0,6% Unafilliated - 16,1% Protestant - 51,3% Catholic - 23,9% Mormon - 1,7% Atheist - 1,6% Agnostic - 2,4% Undefined - 12,4% The American dream Patriotism Hearst San Simeon Estate Iconic places Los Angels Sports Basketball
Skateboarding Football
Baseball Culture Artists
Health Music
Street art
Night clubs Did you know? LA is considered the Creative Capital of the World since 1 in 6 of its residents are part of the creative industry Everybody is able to succeed and live comfortably through dedication and hard work. Iconic landscapes Sports Surf
Scuba diving Snorkeling
Hiking Culture Hula
Luaus Festivals
Religious music Every year on February 2nd, Americans watch groundhogs getting out of their holes to see if there will be six more weeks of bad weather. Bibliography https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/us.html
http://www.texassegp.org/texas-culture-and-way-of-living.php Iconic places The Alamo San Jacinto monument Sports American football
Hockey Baseball
Horse racing Culture Great Texas Mosquito Festival Rodeos Country Music D'oh!
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