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Kyle Cheng

on 7 November 2012

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Transcript of US NAVY

SPECIAL WARFARE ETHOS AND CULTURE INTER-MILITARY RELATIONS THE GLOBAL FORCE FORCE FOR GOOD Why the Navy Thinks Differently? The inarguable first commandment of naval leadership, shown time and again by leaders young and old when their defining moment came: where principle is involved, be deaf to expediency. This leads to significant differences in tactics from that seen in other armed forces The Battle of the Coral Sea May 4-8, 1942 Admiral Frank Fletcher -First naval engagement in which the participating ships never sighted or fired directly at each other -Japanese Tactical Victory; American Strategic Victory -Damaged Japanese Carriers Shōkaku and Zuikaku, which helped the Americans win at Midway and turn the tide of the war - Led to improvements to their carrier tactics and equipment, including fighter tactics, strike coordination, torpedo bombers, and defensive strategies. Also, further development of Radar. The admirals of the greatest sea battles faced enormous decisions that had to be made on little information, with thousands of lives and indeed a nation in the balance - Physical geography of the sea creates a sense of self-reliance amongst sailors and how that self-reliance in turn colors their decision making -The ship is the embodiment of Navy culture and it builds teamwork, self-reliance, and an independence that culminates in the governing concept of command-at-sea. The faith and confidence placed in ship captains, those closest to the action, fosters a disdain for doctrine and limits -This engenders a different environment compared to that of the Army or other armed forces These are the overall body of traits that constitutes the Navy's history and traditions Problems Arising from Culture -Talihook Scandal -Difficult and stressful promotion culture -‘‘up” or ‘‘out” promotion system that creates risk aversion while attempting to acquire an impossible perfection in all things - Navy culture that embraces technology to the point that innovative tactics from an adversary are ignored - Navy culture, especially Navy Aviation culture, changed dramatically - Oct 2006: USS Kitty Hawk vs. Chinese Submarine -1981: US Carrier Group vs. Canadian Submarine during NATO exercise (Codename: Ocean Venture) Mission Statement: "The mission of the Navy is to maintain, train and equip combat-ready Naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression and maintaining freedom of the seas." The "Old Navy" Period -Founded on October 13, 1775 -Origins date back to the Revolutionary War -Department of the Navy founded April 30, 1798 -Continental Navy -Naval Act of 1794 Expansion in the 20th century -Pres. Roosevelt and the Great White Fleet First commissioned submarine -USS Holland Opening of Japan 1852-1854 -Commodore Perry Naval Act of 1916: - $500 million project to dramatically increase the size of the Naval fleet - 10 battleships, 6 battlecruisers, 20 submarines, 50 destroyers, support vessels Role in World War II -Significant action during the war -Pacific front: Battle of Okinawa, Battle of Midway 21st Century and Post-Cold War -Nuclear powered ships -First class of supercarriers -Fleet grew to 588 ships under Reagan -Strategic shift from nuclear prevention towards special operations -2007: "Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower" -Coordination between Marine Corps and Coast Guard Major Conflicts and Engagements Revolution (1775-83)
Quasi-War with France (1798-1801)
Barbary Wars (1801-05, 1815)
War of 1812 (1812-15)
Slave Trade Patrols (1820-61)
Anti-Piracy Patrols (1822-30)
Indian Wars (1835-42)
Mexican War (1846-48)
Civil War (1861-65)
Spanish American War (1898)
Philippine Insurrection (1899-1902)
Boxer Rebellion (1900-01)
Latin American Campaigns (1906-33) World War I (1917-18)
Yangtze Service (1926-27, 30-32)
China Service (1937-39, 1945-57)
World War 2 (1941-45)
Cold War
Korean Conflict (1950-54)
Vietnam (1962-75)
Desert Storm (1991)
Somalia (1993)
Iraq (2003-2011)
Operation Enduring Freedom (2001-Present) Joint Strike Fighter F-35 Lighting II - Stealth Technology - Met the standard requirements for
the Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corp -The relatively short 35 foot wingspan of the A and B variants is set by the F-35B's requirement to fit inside the Navy's current amphibious assault ship elevators. - Navy considers it expensive to
maintain in their studies A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century
Sea Power - Comprehensive role of the sea services in an era marked by globalization and uncertainty - Helps U.S. maritime forces to operate across the full spectrum of operations, raising the prevention of war to a level equal to conducting war -Forward Presence
-Sea control
-Power projection
-Maritime security
-Humanitarian assistance/disaster response -Regionally concentrated, credible combat power -Globally distributed, mission-tailored maritime forces Naval War College -Education and research institution of the United States Navy that specializes in developing ideas for naval warfare and passing them along to officers and civil servants -Army
-Air Force
-Coast Guard
-Foreign Service
-Civil Service -Main Focus: "Strategy and Policy", "National Security and Decision Making", and "Joint Military Operations" -Master of Arts Enlisted Qualifications -Age
-Financial Obligations
-Drugs/Alcohol Policy
-Physical, Medical, Moral, and Legal Requirements Officer Qualifcations -Age
-Financial Obligations
-Drugs/Alcohol Policy
-Physical, Medical, Moral, and Legal Requirements
-High Moral Standards and Strong Academic Performance Commitments and Benefits -Enlisted: 2-4 years (longer if trained more) -Officer: 3-5 years (longer if trained more) -Benefits -Training and Education
-Military Pay and Healthcare
-Travel -Bonuses -Enlisted Bonus Source Rate Program (EBSRP) -Extended Enlistment Bonus -Bonuses for College Credits Our Impressions Petty Officer (Second Class) Johnson
Naval Recruiting Station
1239 North Clybourn Ave
Chicago, IL 60611 LIFE, LIBERTY, AND THE PURSUIT OF ALL WHO THREATEN IT Naval Special Operations Command -Naval Component of US Special Operations Command (SOCOM) -World War II -Navy Scouts and Raiders (1st, 2nd, & 3rd Groups); Observer Group -Operational Swimmers of the OSS -Underwater Demolition Teams -Current-day Naval Special Warfare -Navy SEALs and SWCC Force Levels Active duty: 318,406
Officers- 52,855
Enlisted- 261,072
Midshipmen- 4,479
Ready Reserve: 108,718
288 deployable force ships
112 deployed http://www.navy.mil/navydata/nav_legacy.asp?id=146 Personnel Enlisted Sailors v. Officers Occupational v. Managerial positions Pay Grade Navy Reserves Mission statement: "The mission of the Navy Reserve is to provide strategic depth and deliver operational capabilities to the Navy and Marine Corps team and Joint forces, from peace to war."
Represents approx. 20% of total Navy forces
Have same duties of active duty enlisted sailors
Typical service schedule:1 weekend/month plus 2 weeks/year Founded in 1845
Annapolis, Maryland
2nd oldest service academy
4,479 midshipmen
Entrance requirements
Moral, mental, and physical development
Commissioned Officers upon graduation Naval Academy Operational Structure Arts & Education
Business & Legal
Chaplain & Support
Engineering & Applied Science
Health Care
Information &Technology
Nuclear Energy
Service & Safety
Special Warfare/ Special Operations Careers and Jobs Aviation Naval Aviators: jobs range from intelligence collections to combat operations, provide vital attacks or defense support to a fleet, electronically track ships
Flight Operations: guarantee successful launch of Navy aircraft, perform pre-flight planning, equipment check, act as flight communicator
Flight Support: inspect and maintain all internal and external aircraft systems, ensure aircrafts operate at highest function P-3C Orion long range ASW aircraft Aviation Equipment E-2C/D Hawkeye EA-6B Prowler SH-60 Seahawk F/A 18 A-D Hornet F/A E-F Super Hornet JAG The Judge Advocate General’s Corps
Brief History
Provides legal and policy advice to the Secretary of the Navy in all legal matters concerning military justice, administrative law, environmental law, ethics, claims operational and international law, and legal assistance JAG Continued Focuses on specific capabilities:
Military Justice
Sailor Legal Readiness
Navy Legal Readiness
Qualifications (Student Program and Direct Appointment) Information and Technology Information and Technology Intelligence:
Top-secret information related to international policy and military strategy
Decode internet chatter, spy reports and satellite images
Operate underwater communications equipment
Both Enlisted Sailors and Officers
Requires special security clearance requirements Cryptology
Navy Cryptologic Technician Interpretive (CTI): focused on ability to speak and understand different languages
Elite community
Trained to decipher and analyze pertinent foreign information Nuclear Energy Nuclear Energy Nuclear Propulsion Community
Submarine Officer
Surface Warfare Officer
Naval Reactors Engineer
Naval Nuclear Power School Instructor
Nuclear Operations Nuclear Power School: Goose Creek, South Carolina, 1955
Must receive a qualifying score on ASVAB exam
Undergo investigation to attain security clearance
2,500 students
24 week graduate level course
Nuclear Power Training Unit (NPTU)
Aka Prototype, 26 weeks
Either in Charleston, SC or Ballston Spa, NY
Submarine Officer Basic Course (SOBC)
12 weeks in New London, Connecticut
May be followed by 6 weeks training of strategic weapons
First Sea Tour
3 years, alternating between deployments, patrols, days in port, maintenance and leave
On submarine, managing team of Enlisted Submariners
Shore Assignment
Approximately 2 years
Officers fill positions anywhere from Nuclear Power School to Prototype to Submarine School
Ultimate goal: command their own submarine at sea Navy Fleets Second Fleet Area of Operation: Atlantic Ocean
Headquarters: Norfolk, VA
Organization: Third Fleet Area of Operations: Eastern and Central Pacific
Headquarters: Pearl Harbor
Organization: Fourth Fleet and Fifth Fleet 4th Fleet
Area of Operations: Caribbean and South America
Headquarters: Mayport, FL

5th Fleet
Area of Operations: Middle East (Red Seam Arabian Sea, Persian Golf
Headquarters: Manama, Bahrain Sixth Fleet Seventh Fleet Area of Operations: Mediterranean Sea
Headquarters: Naples, Italy
7 different task forces Area of Operations: Western Pacific and Indian Ocean
Yokosuka, Japan
10 different task forces -Navy Divers, EOD Technicians, and Aviation Rescue Swimmers Navy SEALs “The Only Easy Day Was Yesterday”
Conduct clandestine missions, capture enemy targets and intelligence, and resolve sea piracy problems.
Established by JKF in 1962
Suited for all aspects of unconventional warfare
Members train and work in all environments
Operate in a tightly knit SEAL units
Task units (32 man)
Platoons (16-man)
Squads (8-man)
Teams (4-man)
Swim buddy (2-man)
Most deployments are 6-8 months Navy SEALs Requirements:
Pre-enlistment medical screening
Armed Service Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB)
Armed Forced Qualification Test (AFQT)
Computerized-Special Ops Resilience Test (C-SORT)
SEAL Physical Screening Test BUD/S Stage 1: Naval Special Warfare Prep School
5-9 weeks Great Lakes, IL
Physical Screening test
Stage 2: Basic Orientation, Intro to BUD/S
3 weeks San Diego, CA
Stage 3: First Phase: Basic Conditioning
7 weeks San Diego, CA
Stage 4: Second Phase: Combat Diving
7 weeks San Diego, CA
Stage 5: Third Phase: Land Warfare Training
7 weeks San Diego, CA
Stage 6: SEAL Qualification Training Operation Neptune Spear Combating Piracy in Africa Humanitarian Assistance Domestic Hurricane Relief Efforts Putting Taxpayer Money to Good Use
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