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Forms of Government
Transcript of Forms of Government
Anarchy government is not present in any countries at the moment. However, in the 1720s Jamaica was under Anarchy. It was brought into power by a civil war rebellion. There is no leader or president in an Anarchy.
The definition of anarchy is "a state of disorder due to absence or nonrecognition of authority."
People under anarchy have almost the power to do whatever they want. There are no punishments, police, or anything or anyone to make them act the was people should,
Pros: no one to tell you to not do something. No taxes. No rules.
Cons: No structure. Chaos everywhere. No police, leaders, or authority figures.
Pros & Cons of Anarchy
Representative democracy is a variety of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy. The USA is one. The leader of this government is a president, but he does not have total power.
Representative Democracy comes into power by rebellion. Citizens get tired of a controlling government and they want a say in how things are ran. It began in ancient Mesopotamia in about 2,500 BCE.
Pros: Get a say in government decisions, get to elect officials, checks and balances.
Cons: taxes, uninformed people can vote, when everyone disagrees government breaks down.
Pros and Cons
Oligarchy is a type of government where only a few people rule. South Africa was under a oligarchy in 1948-1994. Only white people were allowed to make decisions in government.
South Africa became an oligarchy when they ousted the other leader and voted this in instead.
Pros: quick decisions, leaders are usually well educated, could be used for transformation
Cons: common people get no say, needs and wants of the common people are usually not thought about, no checks and balances
Dictatorship means that one leader has absolute control over their citizens. Germany was under dictatorship before and during World War II (1934-1945). Their leader was Adolf Hitler.
Dictatorship came into power in Germany by Hitler giving them hope that he can make things better which eventually gave him total control.
Pros and Cons of Dictatorship
Pros: No stressful decisions, no arguement in government, things happen very quickly
Cons: no rights, falls very easy, no freedoms
England is under a constitutional monarchy. That means that it is a monarchy in which the powers of the ruler are restricted to those granted under the constitution and laws of the nation. A King or Queen is the leader.
England has been under a constitutional monarchy since 1215. Before that it was an absolute monarchy. It came into power by a treason called the Magna Carta.
Pros and Cons of Constitutional Monarchy
Pros: has to follow rules, has cool royal family, checks and balances
Cons: leaders aren't elected, could get a dumb king or queen