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Verbos reflexivos

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chelo de andres

on 2 October 2014

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Transcript of Verbos reflexivos

Mis Verbos reflexivos:
Working with Spanish Reflexive verbs

What is a reflexive verb?
In a reflexive verb the subject and object pronouns coincide.

Thus both, the ending of the verb and the object pronoun correspond to the same grammatical person.

You usually encounter your first Spanish reflexive verb when you learn to answer the question


¿Cómo te llamas? Me llamo Alex

(YOU) TE ........-AS (I) ME ..............-O


Key point

In a reflexive verb the subject and the object need to coincide. To find out the subject in a sentence one can ask who or what performs the action of the verb. And to find the object of the verb one would ask who or what is being acted on.

Check these sentences and decide which one has a reflexive verb:
Se lava Lava el coche
He washes himself
versus
He washes the car

LLAMAR
SE
We are going to learn to work with reflexive verbs.

Spanish reflexive verbs always end in
SE
in their infinitive form.

LLAMARSE
(To call oneself)
DEDICARSE
(to occupy oneself)

(I) (Yo) Me
levant
o
(YOU) (tú) Te
levant
as
(SHE, HE, IT, YOU formal) (Ella, él, Usted) Se
levant
a
(We) (Nosotros, nosotras) Nos
levant
amos
(YOU plural) (Vosotros, vosotras) Os
levant
áis
(THEY, YOU formal) (Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes) Se
levant
an
To work with the present tense of this verb. You will separate the reflexive pronoun
SE
from the infinitive form llamar.
LLAM AR -
SE
Then, you will work with
llamar
as with any verb from the -AR group taking care of placing the corresponding reflexive pronoun at the front.
me
te
se
nos
os
se
llam
o
as
a
amos
áis
an
me llamo
te llamas
se llama
nos llamamos
os llamáis
se llaman
The reflexive verbs below have a different meaning to the non-reflexive forms. Can you guess it?

lavar (to wash) decidir (to decide)
lavarse decidirse

levantar (to raise) quemar (to burn)
levantarse quemarse
Check here:

lavar (to wash) decidir (to decide)
lavarse (to wash oneself) decidirse (to make one's mind up)

levantar (to raise) quemar (to burn)
levantarse (to get up) quemarse (to get burnt)

Now try to form the present tense pattern for levantarse (-AR group) and decidirse (-IR group). Revise the regular verb patterns if you need to.
(I) (Yo) Me
decid
o a hablar
(YOU) (tú) Te
decid
es
(SHE, HE, IT, YOU formal) (Ella, él, Usted) Se
decid
e
(We) (Nosotros, nosotras) Nos
decid
imos
(YOU plural) (Vosotros, vosotras) Os
decid
ís
(THEY, YOU formal) (Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes) Se
decid
en
DECIDIR
SE
LEVANTAR
SE
You may have observed that
Se lava
has the ending for a third person
-a
and the third person pronoun
se
. The subject is performing a reflexive action.
The reflexive pronouns
are not subject pronouns. They are object pronouns indicating that the action of the verb remains with the subject.

me (myself)
te (yourself)
se (himself, herself, yourself formal)
nos (ourselves)
os (yourselves)
se (themselves, yourselves formal)

They always precede the verb and form a closed unit. Nothing can go between them and the verb.
Lets reiterate it.
The reflexive pronoun and the verb are inseparable. No other word can be placed between them. So, the negative which usually goes in front of the verb, will be in front of the pronoun.
No vivo
versus
No me llamo
LET'S WORK WITH A REFLEXIVE VERB:
Reflexive
pronoun
Personal
ending
verb
We are inseparable
I always
go first
Yo,
me llamo
Lisa.
Mi madre también
se llama
Sara. √
No
me llamo
Ana.
Me llamo
Sara.
¿Y tú, cómo
te llamas
?
KEY POINTS
1. Reflexive verbs have an infinitive ending in -se.

2. For some verbs there are reflexive and non-reflexive forms. They may have a different meaning when they are reflexive.

3. Reflexive personal forms of the verb need to be accompanied by the correct personal reflexive pronoun. In other words they both need to agree (same grammatical person).

IMPORTANT
MORE KEY POINTS
4. Nothing can go between the pronoun and the verb form.

5. The reflexive pronoun goes in front of the verb in a personal ending form; unless the reflexive verb is used as an infinitive after another verb.
Voy a levantarme
(I'm going to get up) or
Suelen levantarse
(They usually get up). The agreement needs to be with the subject of the main verb.

6. The third person plural and singular share the pronoun '
SE
'.
Se lava
and
Se

lavan
. The ending of the verb will indicate whether it is plural or not.
Main reflexive verbs:
divertirse (to enjoy oneself)
ducharse (to have a shower)
lavarse (to have a wash)
*dormirse (to fall asleep)
*despedirse de (to say goodbye to)
*despertarse (to wake up)
levantarse (to get up)
*vestirse (to get dressed)
enamorarse (to fall in love)
*reírse (to laugh)
*stem changing verb
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