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Beatriz Elena Restrepo Rios

on 15 September 2012

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Transcript of WATERCOLOR

WATERCOLOR Pigment ground in gum applied with brush and water to a painting surface, usually paper. Tempera involves combining the color with casein, a milk derivative, or with egg yolk as its binder Transparent watercolor called aquarelle Body colour, or gouache Another form of water-soluble pigmentm is the synthetic-polymer paint,n widely known as acrylic HISTORY OF WATERCOLOR Chinese and Japanese masters painted on silk as well as exquisite handmade paper. Primitive man used pigments mixed with water to create cave paintings Ancient Egyptiansp used water-based paints: to decorate the walls of temples and tombs and created works on paper, made of papyrus Middle Ages, monks of Europe used tempera to create illuminated manuscripts. Fresco used primarily to create large wall painting. Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci used it. The most famous fresco is Sistine Chapel of the Vatican painted from 1508 to 1512 Paper of watercolor
China manufactured it since ancient times. The Arabs learned it during the eighth century. it was imported to Europe until The first papermaking established in Italy in 1276. England developed its first mills by 1495. Albrecht Durer: the first master of watercolor. Peter Paul Rubens, Anthony van Dyck and Jean Honore Fragonard continued to use watercolor as a means of drawing and developing compositions. The late seventeenth and early eighteenth:
Production of higher quality papers
The first national school of watercolorists emerged in Britain
Britain began to grow as a world power. England: In 1768 is founded
Royal Academy
The most talented watercolorist was Joseph M.W. Turner Technology of watercolor developments.
Evolution of the British school of watercolorists.
1780's, a British company began producing paper made especially for watercolorists.
The Englishman, William Reeves, was selling them in portable cakes.
In 1846, Winsor & Newton introduced colors packaged in metal tubes. Mark Catesby (Enghish) came to Virginia in 1712.
Documented hundreds of species of American birds and plant life with hand-colored.
Catesby's prints foreshadow the ever-popular romantichh and analytical depictions of American wildlife by John James Audubon (American) He devoted himself to recording this aspect of the North American continent. American artists: Thomas Eakins (1844-1916), Winslow Homer, James A. M. Whistler began to develop artworks.
The rise of American watercolor coincides with international rise and recognition of American painting.
Both American and English artists utilized watercolor for important paintings.
By 1866, the American Society of Painters in Water Color was founded.
Watercolors were shown in galleries among oil paintings American artists
were free of rigid English traditions.
American school was able to explode with an abundance of important figures between the 1870's.
The revolutionary Armory Show in New York in 1913:
John Singer Sargent, John Marin and Maurice Prendergast, represented "individualism" 1940's

New York art scene development of Abstract Expressionism.

Watercolor began to lose its popularity

It were subordinate to the huge canvases of the Abstract Expressionists Mark Rothko XX century utilized the watercolor.

Later, Sam Francis and Paul Jenkins also employed incorporated watercolor techniques into canvas painting.

American artists ç re-popularized the medium and continued a long tradition of innovative experimentation! Thank you Clemencia for all your teachings, your advices and your kindness to us...
God bless you a lot. A big hug!
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