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Transcript of Medieval Weapons
June 5, 2013
Per. 5 Medieval Weapons Hand-to-Hand Weapons Hand-to-hand weapons refer to weapons used at close range in combat. The common weapons were maces, daggers, short swords and battle axes.
MACE- A metal club like weapon. "Maces were favored during the Middle Ages as excellent crushing weapons to be used against armored opponents"(Roberts, Ben).
DAGGER- A small double-edged knife used for thrusting or stabbing.
SHORT SWORD- A one-handed sword used with a shield that hung off the belt of the solider.
BATTLE AXE- A crescent-shaped blade used as a cutting weapon and could cut of body parts of the enemy. Small Projectile Weapons Small projectile weapons refer to any weapon that can be shot or thrown through the air. The common weapons were spears, bow and arrows, crossbows and throwing axes.
SPEAR- One of the oldest weapons and like most weapons first used for hunting food. This is a long staff with a sharpened blade on the end.
BOW AND ARROW- "The oldest and most used projectile weapon"(Roberts, Ben). Made up of a long bendable piece of wood, string and a bow. This was used for long range attack.
CROSSBOW- A mechanized bow usually attached to something that could rest on a soldier's shoulder.
THROWING AXES- A weapon that was thrown overhand by the foot soldiers to pierce armor. Large Siege Weapons "The style of warfare during the times was fought around the power bases which were the great Medieval castles"(Alchin, Linda). Large siege weapons refer to any weapon that can cause damage to a structure. The common weapons were catapult and battering ram.
CATAPULT- A device used to fling stones or other objects at enemy.
BATTERING RAM- A device used to break through doors, gates and walls of castles. "A battering Ram could also serve as a bridge across a defensive moat or ditch"(Alchin, Linda). Bibliography Alchin,Linda."Medieval Weapons". www.medieval-life-and-times.info. Web. 16 Jan. 2011. 15 May 2013.
Alchin,L.K. "Middle Ages Timeline". www.middle-ages.org.uk. Web. 16 July 2012
Roberts,Ben. "Medieval Weapons for Beginners". www.mercwars.com. Web. nd. 7 May 2013.
McDonald,James."Castles and Manor Houses."www.castlesandmanorhouses.com. Web. 1 Oct.2010. 1 June 2013.
Depue,Troy. "The Medieval World Tanks". www.examiner.com. Web. Dec. 8. 2011. 4 Jun 2013. Weapons of today influenced
by Medieval Weapons Knights vs. Foot Soldiers
Knights were the wealthy noble men of the kingdom. They were trained for combat, they could afford better weapons and wore heavy armor that could protect them from most weapons. Along with the cavalry the knights were the strongest part of the army. Foot Soldiers were usually poor farmers and peasants. They were not trained for combat, they had thin armor that weapons can pierce and they did not have good weapons. They usually protected the archers in battle. The effect of medieval weapons Acknowledgements I would like to thank my dad for getting me interested in learning about weapons. We share the passion of collecting swords and knives. I would also like to thank my mom for teaching me how to research on the web to find information to complete my Medieval Weapons history project. In the rough and tumble medieval times weapons played a big part.Weapons arose because hungry caveman picked up a big tree branch or rock with which to club his meal. Over time humans developed weapons from basic stone and wooden tools to advanced weapons of destruction. “Weapon-smiths needed to create weapons that were tough and resilient, effective at their gruesome task, and yet well-weighted and balanced enough that the warrior using the weapon in question would not tire too quickly”(Roberts, Ben). The Medieval time period was brutal and the weapons showed this brutality. The power of the ruler depended directly upon his army and the army upon their weapons. "A knight or any other warrior is only as effective as his skills and the quality of his weapons" (Alchin, Linda). The Middle Ages timeline covers the period of 1066 to 1485 - nearly five hundred years of the history (Alchin, L.K). Medieval life in a castle was rough compared to today, but much better than life for most of people at this time. In the castle the people had better sanitation and sleeping quarters. The common people lived in villages outside the castle and were usually poor farmers constantly struggling to survive. “The lives of all the classes, rich and poor, were dominated by the feudal system” (Alchin, Linda). The feudal system was based on wealthy kings and lords controlling the poor peasants. throwing axe catapult in action maces battle axe knight tank aircraft carrier cross bow battering ram Battering ram, “this most simplistic machine was one of the earliest forms of the tank. It essentially was an armor covered, mobile, wall destroying machine, much like the tank is today” (Depue, Troy). As the battering rams got better they were placed on a wheeled frames to move them easier and make them larger. Most battering rams had secured roofs and sides covered in materials like animal hides to avoid the ram being set on fire and keep enemies from firing arrows on to the men in the battering ram. Battering rams are still used today by SWAT teams and other police teams. They are usually small, one or two-man metal rams used for breaking open locked doors. Catapults are used today on aircraft carriers. They are the main thing that gets the jets up to high speeds in an extremely short amount of distance. Conclusion As we have seen medieval weapons played a huge part in the cultures of these times and greatly influenced the development of future weapons.