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The Sociological Answer: Impacts of Society and Human Development

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Abhira Kethees

on 4 May 2010

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Transcript of The Sociological Answer: Impacts of Society and Human Development

The 3 Perspectives
The Functionist Perspective Society is stable because it serves the needs of the citizens
Society is made up of social institutions
All structures are independent and must work together for the society to survive
If one structure changes, it affect the whole society The Conflict Perspective
The society is a constant competition among interest groups
Order is maintained by forcing
Some groups have more benefits than others
Karl Marx saw conflict among economic classes
Lewis Coser saw conflict as helping to unite a society
A threat to a society tends to unite its member together

The Symbolic- Interactionist Perspective

Human behaviour reflects the meaning people give to a situation rather than the facts
George Herbert Mead & Charles Horton Cooley
People get a sense of themselves through the reaction of others
this perspective helps to explain the significance of social groups and institutions in the development of individuals
Agents of Socialization Family First agent of socialization an individual encounters
Child learns expectations that they should demonstrate
Family values passed down to children vary
Open dialogue is needed to maintain a consistent message for children as they mature
Families can produce role models for their children (positive & negative)
Reactions within a family may impact on children
Foundations begins here

School Influences child's development
In 20th century, schools were seen as a place for assimilation
Teachers taught social norms, behaviour expectations and to contribute to society
They also taught to respect authority and the value of hard work
New strategies have also been introduced
Children are taught how to interact and cooperate with others
They are also taught to assume their equal share of work, demonstrate initiation and comprehension

Peers When children become adolescents, peer groups become more important to them
They socialize with peers who share a common interest, goal, fashion, music and attitudes
Peers groups create their own culture that tends to demonstrate 3 aspects:
- sharing and participation
- dealing with fear and conflicts in their lives
- resisting adult authority
Peer groups can present a positive culture to adolescents
- allowing them to express their culture through fashion

A gang is a group of people united by acts of violence
- provides members with a group identity and positive
reinforcement that is missing from society

George H. Mead Charles Horton Cooley Lewis Coser Karl Marx Public schools vs. Private schools Cost
- For public schools, everyone is paying tax in order to get the schools running
- Parents who send their children to private schools will get tax breaks from the government
- Depending on the private school students go to, tuition can range from $4,000 per year to
$100,000 +


- Private schools can choose which individuals to accept and which ones to reject
- It is very difficult to get admitted into a private school
- They can expel students easily even if students do not follow school policies & expectations
- Anyone can get admitted into a public school easily
- Both will accept people from various backgrounds and cultures
- There tends to be overcrowded classrooms in public school

Extra Curricular Activities
- Private schools don't have a budget on money and public schools do have a budget
- Private schools have an unlimited number of extra curricular activities for it's students
- Public schools don't have that much extra curricular activities

- Teachers get paid more in private schools
- Both types of schools teach the same way & both schools have the same quality of education
- A study done by Harvard University states that marks in private schools are higher than public
school marks

Top Private School in Canada Lakefield College School It is a day/boarding school
Located in Lakefield, Ontario
One of the top ranked private school in Canada
Average class size is 18 students

Admission Process
1. School tour
2. Complete an application form
3. Teacher reference which is confidencial
4. Show a copy of recent report card
5. Entrance test
6. Interview

For day school the tuition is $26,700 per year + educational technology fees of $1,250
For boarding school the tuition is $46,550 per year + educational technology fees of $1,250
For international students who are going to be living on campus, the yearly fees is $49,995 + educational technology fees of $1,250

http://www.lcs.on.ca/podium/default.aspx?t=128872&rc=0 Home Schooled Students Students who are educated from home
Do extremly well in university and college
They can learn at their own pace
They are very independent learners
Uniforms vs. Non Uniforms Please take out a paper and write down the Pros and Cons
about having uniforms in our school The Sociological Answer: The Impact of Society on Human Development identify societal factors that influence an individual's upbringing
theories about what holds society together
Individuals try to fit in together
Full transcript