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Copy of Persuasive/ Discursive Writing

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by

Miss Sumerling

on 4 June 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Persuasive/ Discursive Writing

Persuasive/ Discursive Writing
Tips for writing a persuasive essay
1. Make a firm decision about which side of the argument you will support. Try to avoid ‘sitting on the fence’ as this will weaken your essay.
2. Give lots of evidence to support your viewpoint.
3. Show that you know what the arguments against you are.
4. Make sure your work is accurate – punctuation and spelling are very important in the writing folio.

Structure of a persuasive
Introduction:
Introduce the topic and state your attitude clearly.
Paragraph 2:
Introduce the first argument in support of your viewpoint. Remember to justify your opinion.
Paragraph 3:
Introduce a further point in support of your argument.
Paragraph 4:
Introduce any final points in support of your argument.
Paragraph 5:
Explain the arguments from the opposing point of view – refute where you can.
Paragraph 6:
Conclude with a strong restatement of your view and a summation of key points.

Introduction - introduce your topic and argument, 'hook' the reader
Main Body - about 6 paragraphs, work your way through your arguments and refute the opposition
Conclusion - reiterate your argument
When is it due?
What is it?
A persuasive essay tries to convince the reader of a certain side to an argument - you consider the other side but prove how this is wrong

A discursive essay looks at both sides of the argument and draws a conclusion at the end
Persuasive Essay
Transition Signals - words and phrases that connect ideas and show how they are related.
To repeat an idea just stated:
To illustrate an idea:
To announce a contrast, a change in
direction:
To restate an idea more precisely:
To mark a new idea as an addition to
what has been said:
How to start your essay:
The introduction has a "hook or grabber" to catch the reader's attention. Some
"grabbers" include:
1. Opening with an unusual detail:
2. Opening with a strong statement:
3. Opening with a quotation
4. Opening with an anecdote: An anecdote can provide an amusing and attention-getting
opening if it is short and to the point.
5. Opening with a Statistic or Fact: Sometimes a statistic or fact will add emphasis or interest to your topic. It may be wise to include the item's authoritative source.
6. Opening with a rhetorical question
7. Opening with an exaggeration or outrageous statement.

You should choose an interesting and original topic.
It should:
be something that you feel strongly about, or at least are interested in
be original - don't drag up the usual arguments about school uniform or animal testing - these have been done! Try to pick something current - what's happening in the news right now?
More on the main body
To repeat an idea just stated:
In other words,
That is,
To repeat,
Again



To illustrate an idea:
For example,
For instance,
In particular,
To illustrate,
In this manner,
Thus

Discursive Essay
Teacher's tip - I would recommend you write a Persuasive essay- they are often interesting and engaging and you can develop the language you use.
To restate an idea more precisely:
To be exact,
To be specific,
To be precise,
More specifically,
More precisely,
To mark a new idea as an addition to
what has been said:
Similarly,
Also,
Too,
Besides,
Furthermore,
Further,
Moreover,
In addition,


To show cause and effect:
As a result,
For this reason,
Therefore,
Hence,
Consequently,
Accordingly,
Conclusion:
In short,
To conclude,
In brief,
On the whole,
In summary,
To sum up,
To announce a contrast, a change in
direction:
Yet,
However,
Still,
Nevertheless,
On the other hand,
In contrast,
Instead of,
On the contrary,
Conversely,
Notwithstanding,
In spite of this,
Time:
At once,
In the interim,
At length,
Immediately,
At last,
Meanwhile,
In the meantime,
Presently,
At the same time,
Shortly,
In the end,
Temporarily,
Thereafter,
The following are different ways to support your argument:

Facts
- A powerful means of convincing, facts can come from your reading, observation, or personal experience.
Note: Do not confuse facts with truths. A "truth" is an idea believed by many people, but it cannot be proven.

Statistics
- These can provide excellent support. Be sure your statistics come from responsible sources. Always cite your sources.

Quotes
- Direct quotes from leading experts that support your position are invaluable.

Examples
- Examples enhance your meaning and make your ideas concrete. They are the proof.
A 1st draft needs to be handed in on Monday 16th December.

This means you have one draft of a folio piece under your belt before you go for the Christmas holidays.

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