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Arab-Israeli Conflict for Dummies!
Transcript of Arab-Israeli Conflict for Dummies!
-Israel struck first because they believed that eventually the three Arab states would launched a massive attack on Israel. Obstacle 1: Religion Obstacle 2 Current Conditions Start Quran says they have the land. Israel controls all the land except
West Bank Arab-Israeli Conflict
for Dummies! U.N. Division of 1947 1967 War.. a.k.a "the six day war" Jerusalem Arab Israel Conflict By Kevin McPeek and Drew Gugliuzza V.S. Jewish Arabs Hebrew Bible says that they have the land Both Muslims and Jews view Jerusalem with high respect and importance of holiness U.N. voted for the lands of Palestine to be sepperated between Arabs and Jews. Proposition: Split into 3 Jewish sections and 4 Arabic sections Arabs opposed and would have nothing to do with this proposal. - The Successful attacks lead to Israel's control of Sinai, the Golan Heights and the West Bank.
-Their plight led many young Arabs into joining the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) majority of whom lived in the West Bank,
-PLO is considered a terrorist group in the eyes of Israel. Jews then created Israel in 1948 and forced Arabs to flee then creating the Arab Israel war The First Intifada was a violent but unarmed Palestinian uprising against the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian Territories. Lasted from December 1987 to roughly 1993, with the signing of the Oslo Accords.
--> Oslo Accords= Declarations in which attempted to set up a framework that would lead to the resolution of the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The 1st and 2nd Infitada The Second Infitada was the second Palestinian uprising, a period of intensified Palestinian Israeli violence, which began in late 2000 and ended around 2005. *officially signed at a public ceremony in Washington, D.C., in the presence of PLO chairman Yasser Arafat, the then Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and U.S. President Bill Clinton. Camp David Accords They were accounts of signing for peace between Egypt and Israel Israel military would leave Gaza Strip
Full autonomy of the people in 5 years
Return Egypt's Sinai Peninsula & Oil Fields
Allow free passage from Egypt to Jordan The death toll, including both military and civilian, is estimated to be over 3,000 Palestinians and around 1,000 Israelis (Jews and Arabs) Results Due to the Uprising
* Construction of the Israeli West Bank barrier
* Decrease of violence in the West Bank
* Israeli withdrawal from the Gaza Strip This image represents one step
towards peaceful coexistence From Israel's success in the "Six Day War", they got possession of about triple the land they had originally. Palestinians unhappy with Egypt--agreement not benefiting them much. Egypt Banned from Arab League for this agreement (1979-1989) Allowed Israel to keep conquered land. 2005 Withdrawal of Gaza Strip Pro-
Strong allies of
Israel are USA, UK,
India, and Australia Who's Who? Israel's Armed forced were evicted from Gaza and so were all israeli citizens. Placed under Palestinian Authority improving Palestinian freedom and economic benefit in Gaza. Travel routes had opened with Egypt monitered by palestinians and all people needed Palestinian I.D. or forign exception to enter Gaza Recently France
and other EU countries have been in Support of Pakistan and other Arab nations like Iraq, Iran, Egypt, etc. Much of the Conflict has to do with WMD as well as the obvious conflict over the holiness of the land. Although out of Gaza, Israel still is in control of their Air and Sea Space Israel had claimed land in land they don't own as settlements for Israelis to stay safe and live there. Arabs despise Israeli's occupying Palestinian land and Israel leads to bombings/killings and other acts of terrorism Palestine looking for statehood as violence between two continue The PLO: (Palestine Liberation Organization) *is an organization created in 1964 with the purpose of creating an independent State of Palestine. *Played a large role in all of the Israel vs Arab events. Zionists: a nationalist of Jews and Jewish culture that supports a Jewish nation state in the territory defined as Israel. Critics of Zionists often view it as extreme and racist outward against others other than Jews. Hamas: is the Palestinian Sunni Islamic or Islamist organization They have a strong military wing and force through out the Middle East. Based on the principles of Islamic fundamentalism gaining momentum throughout the Arab world Yasser Arafat: He was Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), and a Palistine Leader. *most Palestinians, regardless of political ideology or faction, view him as a freedom fighter who symbolized their national aspirations. *Arafat received the Nobel Peace
Prize, together with Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres, for the negotiations at
Oslo. * Highly Controversial in the international community for corruption in his government for financial gains while the living conditions of the Palistian people were struggling. Anwar Sadat: Was the third President of Egypt, serving from October 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalist army officers in October 1981.
In his years as president, he changed Egypt's direction, departing from some of the economic and political principles of Nasserism by re-instituting the multi-party system and launching the Infitah economic policy. Jimmy Carter: the 39th President of the United States
*was awarded the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize, the only U.S. President to have received the Prize after leaving office for his efforts in the Camp David Accords. Yitzak Rabin: 5th Prime Minister of Israel.
*Rabin won the Nobel Peace Prize together with Shimon Peres and Yasser Arafat.
*He was voted number one in the Ynet poll of greatest Israelis
*He was assassinated by right-wing Israeli radical Yigal Amir, who was opposed to Rabin's signing of the Oslo Accords. Bill Clinton: 42nd President of the United States