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BTRC: Bridging the Internet Gap Rural and Urban

Director, Systems and Services: Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission
by

Raqueeb Hassan

on 23 April 2013

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Transcript of BTRC: Bridging the Internet Gap Rural and Urban

All Licensed Operators Communications Reachability, Bangladesh case Skilled Workforce Digital Bangladesh How we evolved here .... I added the missing black market Communication made significant growth to GDP and BTRC made it and that made the difference Bridging The Internet Usage Gap: Urban and Rural Areas: Bangladesh Communication
Sector has increased the productivity Key Telecom Index Bangladesh Case Study Penetration Internet Job Creation ('12) 64.64% 19.93% 15 Lacs 42 Years BTRC Result Digital Bangladesh Data and voice connectivity has reached significantly Result
Thank You for being with us ? Tools Leveraging Internet Changing Lifestyle Bringing Positive Changes in Society and How Introduction of new technologies and services Connecting the people in the remotest possible places Challenges;

The path was not rosy at all .....

Lack of pipe to carry Internet to rural area
Access to mobile operators fiber optic was expensive
Internet bandwidth price was high
local back haul charges were exorbitant Guiding Principles of Telecommunication- Keeping the price within affordability More 4000 Km of fiber cable has been added by new operators B A N G L A D E S H >>> All these indications suggest a healthy & robust Telecommunication industry with promising growth in the area of technology, services and consumers’ choices .... BTRC
The Telecommunications Milestones 1989
First license awarded to Bangladesh Telecom Limited (Later transferred to Pacific Bangladesh Telecom Ltd. – Citycell). Initially with AMPS, then in 1999 introduced CDMA.
This license gave Citycell monopoly for 5years.
Citycell had only 7,900 Subscribers till 1996.
High price and very limited network coverage was the reason behind low penetration.

1996
11 November, government awarded three GSM licenses to Private Sector to operate cellular mobile phone networks to GrameenPhone (GP), TMIB (Aktel) Ltd. and Sheba Telecom Ltd (now Banglalink).

1998
National Telecom Policy 1998 formulated.
2000
Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT) made open.
2001
Bangladesh Telecommunication Act 2001 enacted.

2002
BTRC formed.
BTTB joined SEA-ME-WE-4 Submarine Cable Consortium. 2004
Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) Licensing – 10 Operators.
Licensing procedure regulation issued.
Interconnection Regulation 2004 was issued.

2005
Mobile GSM license to Warid/Teletalk/Banglalink.
Amendment of interconnection regulation.
Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) Licensing – 5 Operators.
2006
SEA ME WE 4 connectivity.
2007
ILDTS policy issued.
Revision of Interconnection charge (lowered from Tk. 0.66 to 0.40).
Issued 4 Nation wide PSTN Licenses.
Licensing procedure regulation amended.
Introduced Tariff Circuit (Lowest – Tk. 0.25, Highest – Tk.2.00). 2008

3 x IGW, 2 x ICX and 1 x IIG Licenses issued in February 2008 by Open Auction.
300+ x Call Center licenses issued (after Public Consultation/Hearing).
Network coverage in 3 hill track districts.
3 x BWA (Broadband Wireless Access) Licenses was Auctioned.
Amendment of interconnection regulation.

2009 - till date

99% population and 95% area brought under telecommunication network coverage
Internet density increased to 19.10% and bandwidth price reduced to BDT 8,000.00

Price reduction of international outgoing calls tariff

Introduced Nationwide Telecommunication Transmission Network (NTTN), Internet Protocol (IP) Telephone, and Call Center licenses

Infrastructure sharing guideline implemented

SIM/RUIM registration process put into practice

Simplified the Value Added Services (VAS) process

Established Radio Frequency Spectrum Monitoring facilities in the country

New International Terrestrial Cables to connect neighbouring counties CLS

Back haul Prices (local transmission) slashed to half Bridging the gap between Urban and rural Spectrum for 3G license Total 50 MHz spectrum from the spectrum band 2.1 GHz (1920 MHz -1970 MHz/2110 MHz-2160 MHz) will be auctioned for Cellular Mobile Phone Services (3G/4G/LTE) Operator License.

The 50 MHz of spectrum is available in 05 blocks of 10 + 10 (Uplink +Downlink) MHz each of 1920 MHz-1930MHz/2110MHz-2120MHz, 1930 MHz 1940MHz/2120MHz-2130MHz, 1940 MHz-1950MHz/2130MHz-2140MHz, 1950 MHz-1960MHz/2140MHz-2150MHz and 1960 MHz-1970MHz/2150MHz-2160MHz.

BTRC is working on Spectrum release plan

700 Mhz to release soon supporting LTE
450 Mhz
2.3 and 2.6 Ghz Broadband Wireless Access
Spectrum to be as Technology Agnostic (Technology Neutral) New Licenses for carrying the Internet pipe.

Back haul price reduced by 70%.

One PGCB fiber pair cable has been handed over to Infrastructure companies

Initiative have been taken to reduce GPRS "pay as you go" package Coverage Questions? The power of small wins. It combines. Entrepreneurs can change the world. Follow us on Facebook.com/BTRCpage Bangladesh Case Internet is changing the demography of Bangladesh, look at the social media, it will say all. Defining the Availability Gap? Please look up for a word, critical mass! In social dynamics, critical mass is a sufficient number of adopters of an innovation in a social system so that the rate of adoption becomes self-sustaining and creates further growth. Critical Mass, <30% BB The theory of diffusion has four main elements that influence the spread of a new idea: the innovation, communication channels, time, and a social system. The innovation must be widely adopted in order to self-sustain. Within the rate of adoption, there is a point at which an innovation reaches critical mass. Bridging Internet? Education needs to be delivered in the remotest place The Final Thoughts We need to take initiative for a Open Access SPV Model
This is happening now but private sectors to contribute
Incentives/SOF fund reverse auction connecting less business viable/under served areas

We need to put most of the Government Service Deliveries Online
Government will create the demand side, the supply side will automatically grow
This is happening now, but local IXP peering needs mandatory x-connect
Opening up Cable Landing Station (Open CSL, Reference Interconnection Offer)
Use of local domain .bd to be made mandatory for local businesses
Tax exemption for online transaction/mobile financial services, promoting adoption of electronic fund transfers

Broadband Commission under PMO, A2I Project is working - needs strengthening
Incentives to Content Creators/VAS/App Developers
Efficient use of Spectrum/population/release of IMT/Digital Dividend bands rhassan@btrc.gov.bd Lt Col Rakibul Hassan Internet Usage 1991 2004 2011

National - - 1.11
Rural - - 0.45
Urban - - 3.88
Everett Rogers
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