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The History of Flight (6E 2016)

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Jordanne Edwards

on 8 March 2017

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Transcript of The History of Flight (6E 2016)

10-70 AD
Hero and the Aeolipile
Heron ho Alexandreus; also
known as Heron of Alexandria was a Greek engineer and mathematician. He lived Alexandria, Roman Egypt. He was born in 10 AD, and was known for his inventions.
Some of his other inventions:
•A coin operated 'Holy Water Dispenser'.
•A water organ
• The Aeolipile, a steam-powered device
• Heron's Fountain, an instrument that used air pressure to produce a jet of water
•The Dioptra, a surveying device
•A primitive, programmable robot (automaton)
•A fire engine

400 BC
1894-1896- The Katydid quadropial Deck Glider
Inventor- Octave Chanutes
By: Brock & Regan

The History of Flight
Weight: 605 lb.
The Kitty Hawk
1500 BC

king kai Kawus legend
1783 - The first hot air balloon
Inventors: The Montgolfier Brothers
The Wright Bros.
Leonardo da Vinci
( 1891 ) By Malic,Max and Nathan
In 1891 Otto Lilenthal ( A German Engineer born in 1848) invented a glider (which earned him the title "The Glider King") that was designed to fly people long distances. Otto studied aerodynamics and was fascinated by the idea of flying. Otto even published a book in 1889 that was used by the Wright Brothers for basic designs. However, after more than 2500 flights and experiments, Otto was killed in 1896 when he lost control and crashed straight into the ground.
The "Flyer" lifted from level ground to the north of Big Kill Devil Hill, at 10:35 a.m., on December, 17, 1903. Orville piloted the plane which weighed six hundred and five pounds.

The first heavier-than-air flight traveled one hundred twenty feet in 12 seconds. Human kind was now able to fly! Amazing!

Wright brothers Wilbur (1867–1912) and Orville (1871–1948), US aviation pioneers. They assembled their first aircraft in their bicycle factory. In 1903, Orville made the first piloted flight in a power-driven plane at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.

The Montgolfier Balloons first flew in 1783 and carried a sheep, a duck, and a rooster. Then, after the success of that flight, the Montgolfier brothers flew a manned flight later that year. The Montgolfier balloons used smoke and hot air to make them fly .They were made of tough paper and were coated with a special non- flammable oil for flame proofing.The balloons were inflated with hot air on the ground with a wood burning fire and launched when fully inflated. But, since they had no fire on board,it could only stay in the air for a short amount of time. The balloons were very elaborately decorated and looked more like a work of art than a flying machine. But all in all, they were a huge success. Also, the first parachute jumps was preformed from a Montgolfier designed balloon.
In around 1894 in North Carolina history was made Octave Chanute had successfully launched a 12 wing glider. It only flew 30 M but set a record of first 12 wing glider to ever fly . Octave Chanute was originally born in Paris, France and then moved to Chicago, Illinois, United States and that is where he decided to become an engineer and create the glider. Over the years he had created many gliders but none as unique as the Katydid. One even traveled 109 M in 14 seconds. As he got older Octave Chanute decided to start writing books and actually published one called Progrees in Flying Machines. He also inspired the Wright Brothers to make a glider after they read his book.
king kai kawus legend of flight was he tied four poles to he's gold throne with a piece of meat attached to the top of all of them. Then he would tie a piece of string to the eagles which was attached to the throne. so the hungry eagles would try to get the meat but they couldn't reach the meat so they kept trying to get it by flying upward so they pulled king kawus throne up with them.
First Flight - 1783
The Montgolfier brothers
Joseph and Jacques
By : Thomas H and Adam L

Mason~ George Cayley:

Sir George Cayley was born December 27, 1773 in Scarborough, Yorkshire, Eng. and died December 15th 1857. He was famous for building the first guilder that could carry a human when airborn. It all started in 1796 when sir Cayley built a model helicopter with working propellers.

Kassim~ 8 years later in 1804, he designed and built a model monoplane (a single pair of wings) glider. In 1805-1807 he began to discover that wings set lower at their center and higher at their ends were more stable.

Claudia~ Finally in 1849 sir George Cayley built a larger glider based on his designs from 1799 and tested this with a young boy on a short flight. Soon after in 1853 sir George Cayley flew his coachman across a small valley. After his flight the coachman was quoted on saying "I was hired to drive not to fly," and right after saying that he quite.
Leonardo da Vinci created the Ornithoper. The Ornithoper was a helicopter- like flying machine that was never acually built (studies say).

The helicopter is based on the studies Leonardo used.
Leonardo studied the flight of birds and how he could make man fly by creating a flying machine.
Sir George Cayley
1773~ 1857
1848 Sketch
1804 Sketch
Design from 1853
Model 1804
4 Forces~
Around four hundred BC in ancient China, philosopher Mozi and Lu Ban created the first flying kite. These kites were used in religius ceremony, they were bright and colorful. Also they inspired humans to want to fly like a bird, but they weren't able to until 1903 when the first plane took flight because human arm musles aren't strong enough and cant move like a bird. Kites inspired things such as gliders,hot air balloons . l:-)
Lu Ban
Pulling it down
From the air
From the wings
Moving it forward
How he became important
Hero made some incredible inventions. He made something called a steam engine. This made hero famous for his work
because the steam engine couldn't be improved for centuries
Considering the difficulties which had been visited on his efforts, it isn't surprising that Langley decided in 1896 to not attempt to build a human-carrying Aerodrome. By May of 1896, however, the circumstances had begun to change.Aerodrome No. 5 had managed two spectacular feats, making circular flights of 3,300 and 2,300 feet, at a maximum altitude of some 80 to 100 feet and at a speed of some 20 to 25 miles an hour.
Samuel Pierpont Langley
In 1805- 1807 sir George Cayley discovered the 4 forces you need to fly.
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