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Evolution of iSchool Movement: 1988-2013

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Fei Shu

on 14 March 2016

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Transcript of Evolution of iSchool Movement: 1988-2013

Broaden the LIS and form an open and boundaryless iField

vs.

Isolate small size LIS schools and splits the LIS community
All PhD graduates between 1960 to 2013 from 44 ALA accredited LIS Schools

PhD graduates between 2000 to 2013 from 7 non-ALA ischools

Controlled topical terms from each dissertation

Dissertations with 2+ topics was coded as interdisciplinary

Co-assigned pair of topics to interdisciplinary dissertations
Methodology
4,542
PhD graduates
3,555
LIS PhDs
2,648
from ALA iSchools

4,279
dissertations (94.2%)
3,444
LIS dissertations
1,797
LIS interdisplinary dissertations
2,356
co-assignment topic pairs

Information science surpassed library science and became the major research focus in this field

More and more interdisciplinary researches were conducted

Did iSchool Movement reflect these trends?
Trends in LIS
"i"
Schools
Original contribution to the advancement of knowledge

Used to investigate disciplinary identity
Doctoral Dissertation
Debate on iSchools
Narrate the history
LIS Doctoral Dissertation
History
The study of past, particularly how it relates to humans
1985
1990
2015
1960
2005
Evolution of iSchool Movement: 1988-2013
Prehistory
More than 15 library schools closed during the 1970s and 1980s
"Information" became an academic focus and appeared in the names of LIS institutions
Gang of Three (1988)
Pittsburgh, Syracuse, Drexel
Gang of Four (1990)
Gang of Five (2001)
Pittsburgh, Syracuse, Drexel, Michigan, Washington
Gang of Ten (2003)
G5, Illinois, North Carolina, Florida State,
Indiana
, Texas
iCaucus/ Original 19 (2005)
G10, Berkeley, Irvine, UCLA, Georgia Tech,
Indiana
, Maryland, Toronto, Rutgers, Penn State
iSchools (2015)
Image
Bibliometric Data
Video
Audio
Text
Information
Schools

or

Interdisplinary
Schools
Broaden the LIS and form an open and boundaryless iField

vs.

Isolate small size LIS schools and splits the LIS community
Main topics have changed substantially during the past 80 years
“Library science” and library-related words are diminishing
Degree of LIS interdisciplinary has increased since the 1970s
Data
Drexel (1963): MS in Information Science
Pittsbrugh (1964): Graduate School of Library and Information Science
Syracuse (1974): School of Information Studies
Research topics between Library Science and Information Science in LIS dissertations (1978-1988)
Pittsburgh, Syracuse, Drexel, Rugters
Research topics between Library Science and Information Science in LIS dissertations (1991-2000)
LIS dissertations on topic "computer science" (2001-2003)
Dissertations on Library Science (2005-2013)
Dissertations on Computer Science (2005-2013)
Dissertations on Information Science (2005-2013)
iField
Moves from specific to broad approach to advancing knowledge and ingests, not only the library science but also computer science and other fields, into an open boundaryless iField

Reflects the trends of research topics and the degree of interdisciplinary research in LIS.
iSchool movement
Limitation
Some dissertations are not indexed by ProQuest

The changes in indexing or controlled vocabulary used may affect the changes in the number of subjects per dissertation
Debate on iSchools
Full transcript