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Ek Makra aur Makhi- English
Transcript of Ek Makra aur Makhi- English
By Allama Iqbal,
A spider and a fly
The poet: Allama Iqbal
Mohammed Iqbal was born in Sialkot, British India (Now in Pakistan) on the 9th of November, 1887 and died on the 28th of April, 1938 (in Lahore) of a mysterious throat illness. He was a politician, a philosopher, a poet and the main cause of the 'Two-nation theory' or mostly called the Partition. He completed his higher education in Europe: Received a Bachelor of Arts in 1904, Trinity College, Cambridge and earned his PhD degree, from the Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich, 1908.
FUN FACT: His birthday is a public holiday in Pakistan, and is called 'Iqbal Day'.
What is it about?
What's the moral?
This poem is about a very hungry spider, who's trying to make a fly come inside his 'hut'. By doing this, the spider will be able to trap the fly and eat him. The moral of the poem is that flattery is the weak point of every living thing (which I heartily agree with!)
This poem has personification and similes. He personifies the fly and the spider, by making them talk and calling the spiders web, a 'hut'. Examples of similes in this poem are in stanza eighteen, when the spider is complimenting the fly, 'Your eyes look like clusters of diamonds'. A hyperbole is used to emphasize the exaggeration of the spider,'This beauty, this dress, this elegance, this neatness!'. Imagery is also used, when describing the house: 'Dainty drapes are hanging from the doors, And I have decorated the walls with mirrors,'. Alliteration has also been used, such as 'One' and 'way' from stanza one, 'depriving', 'does', 'dear' and 'does' from stanza two.
This poem contains twenty-four stanza's and is set out very simply, in not a particular shape. There are only two sentences per stanza. It has no rhythm but has only one rhyme in the entire poem: in stanza eight, 'you' and 'view'. I think he did this to emphasize these lines, as I think these are the most important lines in the poem. There is also repetition, in stanza two (you), ten (seeing) and twelve (comforts).
One day a spider said to a fly,
'Though you pass this way daily
My hut has never been honored by you,
By making a chance visit inside, by you,
Though depriving strangers of a visit does not matter,
Evading the near and dear ones does not look good,
My house will be honored by a visit by you,
My ladder is before you if you decide to step in,'
Hearing this the fly said to the spider,
'Sire, you should entice some simpleton thus,
This fly would never be pulled into your net,
Whoever climbed your net could never step down,
The spider said, 'How strange, you consider me a cheat,
I have never seen a simpleton like you in the world,
I only wanted to entertain you,
I had no personal gain in view,
You have come flying from some unknown distant place,
Resting for a while in a house would not harm you,
Many things in this house are worth your seeing,
Though apparently a humble hut you are seeing,
Dainty drapes are hanging from the doors,
And I have decorated the walls with mirrors,
Bedding's are available for guests comforts,
Not to everyone's lot do fall these comforts,'
The fly said, 'All this may very well be,
But do not expect me to enter your house,
'May God protect me from these soft beds,
Once asleep in them getting up again is impossible,
The spider spoke to itself on hearing this talk,
'How to trap it? This wretched fellow is clever,
Many desires are fulfilled with flattery in the world,
All in the world are enslaved with flattery,'
Thinking this the spider spoke to the fly thus,
'Madam, God has bestowed great honors on you!
Everyone loves your beautiful face,
Even if someone see's you for the first time,
Your eyes look like clusters of diamonds,
God has adorned your beautiful head with a plume,
This beauty, this dress, this elegance, this neatness!
And all this very much enhanced by singing in flight.'
The fly was touched by this flattery,
And spoke, 'I do not fear you anymore,
I hate the habit of declining requests
Disappointing somebody is bad indeed.'
Saying this it flew from it's place,
When it came close the spider snapped it,
The spider had been starving for many days,
The fly provided a good leisurely meal.
I thoroughly enjoyed this poem, because I liked the vocabulary. It wasn't simple, like most poems are, and wasn't difficult to understand. I also liked it because of the variety of language techniques used, for e.g personification, imagery etc. . Last but not least, I also enjoyed it because, to me it somehow reminded me of how the Britishers took over Subcontinent India. They lured the Mongolian (Mughul) emperors by using flattery, just like the spider did to the fly.
A spider and fly in Urdu.
-By Iqbal Academy
Thank you for watching!