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Timeline of Daniel's life in "Daniel's Story"
Transcript of Timeline of Daniel's life in "Daniel's Story"
in "Daniel's Story" March 30, 1927 End of Book Daniel is born in
Frankfurt, Germany. Kristallnacht, the night of broken glass. Daniel's Synagogue is burned, Jewish-owned homes and businesses were vandalized. Jewish men and woman were arrested. Daniel's father's store was looted. November 10, 1938 After the Allies have landed in Normandy, France, in the D-day invasion, the Nazis and Germans, afraid of defeat order to annihilate the Lodz Ghetto camp. Daniel and his family are deported from Lodz to Auschwitz. June, 1944 The liberation of Buchenwald by American troops. April 11-12, 1945 January 30, 1933 Adolf Hitler selected Chancellor of Germany,
the Nazi Party in supremacy. Historical Information: When Hitler came in power the Nazis’ seats in parliament began to increase without stopping. Hitler and the Nazis had lots of power over their people and were able to do whatever they wanted whenever they wanted. Quote from the book: ““Have you heard of a man called Adolf Hitler? Uncle Peter said.
“Of course!” I replied, insulted
“Who is he?”
“He is chanskellur of Germany,” I replied
“Yes, Daniel, you mean chancellor, appointed by President Hindenburg. His party, the National Socialist party–they are called Nazis–has lots of seats in Parliament. Hitler has changed the constitution so that he now rules us. He can do anything he wants, Daniel, and the German people are happy to let him.”" Page 9 March 30, 1933 Daniel’s 6th birthday. Daniel’s father Joseph and Uncle Walter were fighting about whether or not to emigrate because the Germans were mistreating the Jews. Historical Information: Many Jewish people wanted to immigrate to another country because they were being mistreated. Quote from the book: ““Palestine is the answer, Joseph,” said Uncle Walter to my father. “We should all emigrate there.”
“And do they need concert violinists in the Holy Land?” Father had replied. “No, Walter, they’ll put you to work in the fields.”
“Even a new country needs music,” Walter retorted.
“And the Jews need a country of their own.”
“We have a country!” Father exclaimed. “Our family has lived in Germany for over six hundred years. How long does it have to be before you call someplace home?”” Page 5-6 April 1-3, 1933 All Jewish-owned shops and businesses were boycotted, including Joseph’s store (Daniel’s dad). Historical Information: Quote from the book: The boycott only lasted for three days. Frankfurt was one of the first places where Jewish-owned shops and businesses were vandalized and boycotted. “I stare at the next page and the next picture. It shows my father’s hardware store. My father had a very successful business. People came to his store from all over, not so much for his merchandise, but for his advice.
I stare at the picture. Across the front window, written in large letters JEW. But that day there wasn’t only writing on the window. There was a storm trooper–and he was standing outside the door of the shop. With a gun! And then Mrs. Werner came around the corner. She walked up to the man and said “Excuse me, please.” The Brown Shirt looked at her and replied, “All Jewish shops are being boycotted. You can’t go in there.”" Page 7-8 Translation of sign: Germans! Defend yourselves! Don’t buy from Jews! September 15, 1935 The Nuremburg laws are passed to protect the “purity” of the Aryan race. Daniel’s family is divested of civil rights and also the right to vote. Historical Information: Translation of Reichsgesetzblatt: Imperial Legal Paper 1936 Daniel virtually forced out of public school because of teacher Mr. Schneider telling class false and insulting information about Jews. Two main Nuremburg laws were no "impure" German could be a citizen and no "impure" German can marry a "pure" German. Historical Information: Quote from the book: Most Jewish children were forced to leave or voluntarily leave a public school because they were being mistreated and insulted. “Just thinking about Mr. Schneider gets me mad all over again.
Jews,” he cried in his thrill voice,” are not our equals. They never were. They bribed their way into positions of power. They tried to take over our country. We must all thank God that He sent Adolf Hitler to us, for only he has had the courage to deal with this Jewish problem. Now Jews are no longer citizens, they have no rights, and soon they will no longer pollute our schools.”
Before I knew it he had a measuring tape around my head. He quickly marked it and held it up triumphantly to the class. “You see! Inferior species. Head to small, no room for brains, a close relative to the vermin in our gutters.”” Page 11-12 April, 1937 Daniel, and his sister, Erika, go to a Jewish school. Quote from the book: “This next picture shows me outside my new school, with Erika and Uncle Peter. Father took this picture. It is dated April 1937. It’s amazing to look at it and to realize how little I understood then. I didn’t care that I’d been virtually forced out of my own school. I was thrilled at the idea of never seeing Mr. Schneider again and delighted that Uncle Peter would be my new teacher.
I look at this picture of the three of us smiling in front of the Jewish school and I realize that it was then that my life really began to change.” Page 13 Historical Information: Almost all Jewish children left Public
school because they were forced or they
did not like the school because of how
their classmates and teachers were
treating them. All Jewish professors
from Universities got fired. June, 1938 Daniel and Erika watch the film “Eternal Jew” at the cinema. The purpose was to convince Germans of how disgusting Jews were. That night Daniel had a horrible dream of his Aunt Leah getting kicked, punched and even getting stripped. Quote from the book: “…Erika and I went to the movies. I wanted to go because I’d heard that before the feature they were showing a newsreel about a public exhibition called ‘The Eternal Jew,’ which was coming to Frankfurt. This exhibition was created for one purpose only—to convince German people of how disgusting Jews were. I just had to see it. I wanted to what they were saying about us. I tried to laugh at it all, but inside I was terrified.
That night I had a dream. In my dream Erika and I went to the movies and saw the horrible newsreel, just as we had that afternoon. When we came out, Auntie Leah called to us, her voice shrill, "Come on!" Suddenly someone on the street yelled. "Hey, I know her. She lives near me. She's a Jew. Let's get her. Teach her a lesson." And then the people on the street moved as one as they went after her. "Jew. Filthy vermin." They punched her and kicked her and then began ripping off her clothes. Page 17 July 23, 1938 Daniel’s I.D. Card that has to be with him at all times or he will face severe consequences. Quote from the book: “I look at the photos of the identification cards we Jews had to carry. Our I.D. cards were stamped with a big J for Jew. If you didn’t carry it at all times, you could be arrested, and yet if you did carry it you were marked as a Jew. Erika suddenly interrupts my thoughts. “Just after you took that, we had to change our names,” she remarks, pointing at the I.D. card photos. The Germans, in their search for “racial purity,” decreed all Jews had to add a Jewish name to their other one—Sara for a girl, Israel.” Page 21-22 I.D. Cards - I.D. Cards for Jews during the Holocaust were very important and necessary. If Jewish people did not bring them they would be arrested for it. All the Jewish girls had to replace their last name with Sara and the boys would be Israel. There would be a big J on the card which stands for Jew. These innocent Jewish prisoners never wanted to lose their I.D. Cards. Nuremburg Laws - The Nuremburg Laws were laws that deprived all Jewish citizens of their rights. These laws prohibited the "impure" Germans to marry the "pure" Germans. This led Jews of having no jobs at all. The Nuremburg Laws were passed to protect the "purity" of Aryan race that Hitler wanted. Jews were not permitted to vote after these laws were passed. Historical Information: Quote from the book: The steps leading to Kristallnacht was when a Polish Jew shot a German official in Paris. His reason was to avenge his family who have been expelled with thousands of others from Germany. They had no food, money, or any belongings. “The next photo is very underexposed. It shows Father’s store, but this time the windows have been smashed, and it shows people leaving the store, arms filled with merchandise. These people were looting his store, carrying away whatever they could. They were Father’s customers. People he trusted. It is the day after Kristallnacht, “the night of broken glass,” called that because all night you could hear the sound of glass breaking, the glass of synagogues and Jewish stores and homes and prayer halls. Under the picture is the date November 10, 1938.
Father told me later that the events of that night had started in Paris, when a young Polish Jew had shot a German official. He did it to avenge his family, who had been expelled from Germany by the Nazis with thousands of others and sent without food, money, or any of their belongings to a city in Poland called Lodz. After the man he shot died, the SS, Hitler’s elite bodyguards and powerful police force, ordered its troops into the streets of all German cities to take action against the Jews, to teach them a lesson. What a terrifying night it was.
Fires blazed all over the city, glass broke, screams filled the air. My mother would let none of us leave the house. We turned off all the lights and pretended no one was home.”
Page 22-23 Kristallnacht - Kristallnacht – “Night of Crystal” is often referred to as the “Night of Broken Glass” because the Jewish citizens’ synagogues, dwellings, stores, schools, and Jewish-owned businesses were destroyed, vandalized, and burned down. All you could hear was burning, shattering glass, and screams. Many awful things happened on that horrible day. September 1, 1939 October 18, 1941 November, 1944 May 8, 1945 Germany invades Poland, which commenced the second World War. Curfew laws were passed which does not allow any Jews outside after nine o'clock. Daniel and his family were deported to the Lodz ghetto in Poland. The Ghetto was established on December of 1939. Daniel and his father are deported from Auschwitz to Buchenwald, a concentration camp in Germany. Germany surrenders to Allies Concentration Camps - A concentration camp is a prison where the German governments' enemies, such as Jews, Gypsies, homosexuals, and political opponents, were brought, or concentrated, without any choice. Auschwitz and Buchenwald are examples. Auschwitz is largest camp made by Nazis; this camp is located in Poland. Buchenwald was one of the first major camps in Germany. Ghetto - The ghetto is an enclosed and restricted area of a city in which Jews were required to live. Lodz is an example of a ghetto. Lodz is a city that is in Poland where the first major Jewish ghetto was created by the evil Nazis. Adolf Hitler - From 1889 to 1945. Adolf Hitler was the founder of the Nazi Party; in 1933 he became chancellor and dictator for Germany. “Buchenwald did have a crematorium to burn the many that died of disease, torture, medical experiments, and so on, but it was not a killing center like Auschwitz/Birkenau.” Pg. 107
“Buchenwald was a concentration camp with factories, its purpose forced labor rather than mass extermination.” Pg. 112 Quote from the book: Translation of Wohngebiet der Juden betreten verboten: Jews forbidden to enter the residential area Historical Information: Jewish people had ration cards instead of money to buy food. Groceries were very limited. Quote from the book: "The Jewish authorities, who were forced by the Nazis to organize the ghetto, put us in an old school. There were about sixty people per room. We slept on wooden planks and were given soup from a soup kitchen that was set up." Page 39-40 Quote from the book: "For four weeks we are put in quarantine. We were actually in the part of the camp called Birkenau. Auschwitz had tree major camps-Auschwitz I; Auschwitz II; or Birkenau; and Auschwitz III, or Monowitz." Page 82 Quote from the book: "Shortly after that we could here the fighting as it passed very close to us. Planes buzzed overhead, canon shells and artillery fire exploded near the camp. 'The Americans are going after the escaping SS," Karl told me. We're organizing a rebellion. We won't just let the Nazis massacre us all.'" Quote from the book: "I look at the next picture in my hand. It is of an American soldier, white teeth gleaming, smiling into the camera. The night of our uprising, Father and I slept in the hospital complex. Page 119
There was such cheering and clapping and yelling and celebrating-to everyone in the camp and to me, the Americans were the most beautiful sight in the entire world." Page 120 December, 1942 Daniel meets Rosa Quote from the book: "...I met Rosa. The light slants across Rosa's picture. She has this funny smile on her face, a smile that somehow conveyed 'perhaps I shouldn't smile, perhaps you think it's inappropriate to smile, but I'll smile anyway.' Her smile was an act of defiance all her own." Page 50-51