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Cultural Life in Korea - Cultural Change
Transcript of Cultural Life in Korea - Cultural Change
What is the situation now? Trend to market oriented openness and dezentralization of power
The advancements of the 21st century provide new forms of relation capital
> social networking sites
Facebook, Twitter, Tumblr, Instagram, Myspace, ...
LinkedIn, Xing, ...
Cyworld, Me2day Second Empirical Test: National Data Yeonjul Effect
Yeonjul Community What is the Yeonjul (연줄) network? capital reaping benefit from personal relationships to others
potential profit between two people
investment <-> return (possible chance of no return)
cannot be documented or be proven concretely
> social structure encourages to build good relations with others to become successful yourself
Every human makes 2 kinds of investments: relation capital investment + market capital investment = own personal capital activating a personal tie with someone to gain a specific merit
often to bypass legal regulations (sometimes illegal use)
preexisting primary group (yeon'go 연고)
strong paternalistic tone: patron - client
vortex character - excessive competition for power, wealth and social prestige
"low-trust society" - low trust in official organizations and rules In the news in the 1980s TK mafia
(TK 마피아) SNU Republic dominance of key posts in public and private sectors by graduates from the prestigious Seoul National University powerful group of politicians from Taegu and Kyongsang Province Yeonjul society still hasn't lost it's purpose parental status
centered around academic achievements and ties
strong regional influence
> extreme exclusiveness among members Discussion Find examples for the Yeonjul community and Relation Capital principle Talk about your own / your families experience.
Have you had any negative experiences? Are there examples of this kind of principle on your own countries? Do you think Yeonjul relations still matter in today's Korea or are other methods of connecting more important now? Discussion How much do you trust in:
Why? Give examples. What do you think social relations will look like in the future? "According to a recent report released by the state-run Korea Development Institute, Koreans are becoming less reliant on yeonjul than in the past, but still have a high level of interest in forming such networks." Korea Herald, March 9, 2007
(firstname.lastname@example.org) "Despite its negative effect, yeonjul is still regarded by many as one of the surest ways to find a job and be successful due to the lack of checks and balances by media and civil society." "Another characteristic of Korea`s social network is the very homogeneous association within the parameters of sex, age, and region. Such "us-them mindsets" reflect a strong in-group orientation." For the group discussion: We arranged the tables, so that there should be groups of about 3-5 people. We want to have a diversified discussion.
This means a group should be composed as followed:
1-2 Koreans > K
1 asian foreigner > A
1 western foreigner > W difference to "civil society" historical reasons for change to civil society abolishment of preexisting social order during Japanese rule (1910-1945)
"condensed" industrialization under military leader Park Chung-hee (1961-1979)
> authoritarian, but market oriented regime
pro-capitalism, in response to North Korea's communism