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The Philippine Revolution

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Jarod Yamomo

on 20 March 2015

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Transcript of The Philippine Revolution

By. Jarod Yamomo & Joshua Marc Callado
The Philippine Revolution
a.k.a The Tagalog War
Causes for the Philippine Revolution
On April 19, 1901 Aguinaldo pledges allegiance to the United States and surrenders
General Wesley Merritt establishes a military government becoming the first American military governor of the Philippines
to establish peace and order to the Philippines
prepare it for civil governance

On July 4th, 1946 Philippine was granted full Independence
Outcomes Of the Philippine Revolution
An independent republic with a presidential form of government

The President is elected by the people and is head of State and head of government

Power is equally divided amongst the three branches: the legislative, executive, and judicial

Country governed under three constitutions, presidents through the years removed the old one and replaced it with a new document

Country's government enduring CORRUPTION
Philippine's Current Government
Spain has been colonizing the Philippines since 1565

Philippines wanted independence from Spain

Revolt started on 1896 and officially ended in 1902

Rebellion led by Emilio Aguinaldo

Significant society called Katipunan was led and founded by Andres Bonifacio

Independence declared on June 12, 1898

There have been a profusion of religious-affiliated revolts against Spanish rule, but none had the capability to supplant the Spanish sovereignty

created economic, religious, and social constraints
Spanish persecution, abuse, and forced labor

the construction of the Suez Canal, in 1869, allowed access for Native Filipinos to Europe, which exposed them to new ideas of freedom

wanted to be independent
The nationalist dissatisfaction with more than 300 years of Spanish rule resulted in:

Historians believe that the initial event which caused the revolution was the construction of the Suez Canal, in 1869.

The Filipinos wanted to evade Spain's tyrannous, colonial rule.
Amerigo Vespucci
Vasco de Gama
Images of Spanish Rule in the Philippines
Goals of the Revolutionaries

Complete independence from Spain and its rule
Ferdinand Magellan
Timeline of Major Events Before and During the Philippine Revolution
Leader of the Katipunan, Andres Bonaficio, had a goal of winning their independence through warfare.
Significant Leaders/People
Jose Rizal
Por Que?
Andres Bonaficio
Emilio Aguinaldo
Jose Rizal
Lead propagandist
Wrote two books , "
Noli me tangere"
and "El Filibusterismo"
Vivaciously supported a peaceful reform of Spanish colonial rule
Leads To The Revolution
Major Events During the Revolution
Sept 6, 1834 - The Opening of Manila to World Trade
Foreign merchants from Europe brought with them liberal ideas of government and society

Spanish merchants gradually lost their commercial

Gave rise to the Ilustrados (elite class of Native Filipinos, who were educated in Spanish and introduced to European Nationalist ideas)
Feb 15, 1889 - The Establishment of the La Solidaridad
asserted the Filipinos plea for reforms

published in Barcelona, Spain

it insisted yearning for:
representation in the Cortes Generales, a legislature in Spain
freedom of assembly and speech
equal rights before the law
Sept 18, 1891
- Jose Rizal finishes his novel El Filibusterismo following Noli Me Tangere, a previous novel
Both were anti-Spanish novels

Portrayed Filipino struggle under Spanish Rule

The novels were banned by the Spanish
July 3, 1892 - Jose Rizal founded La Liga Filipina
A civic movement aimed to reunite Filipinos
to act together for reform to an unjust Spanish Rule

Joint protection in every want and need
Defense against injustice and violence
Study and application of reforms
July 7, 1892 - Establishment of the Katipunan
a top secret Philippine revolutionary society succesing to La Liga Filipina , founded after Jose Rizal's sentence and banishment

organized by Andres Bonifacio, Theodoro
Plata, Ladislao Diwa

their goal was to fight for freedom against Spain

K.K.K.(Kataas-taasang Kagalang-galangang
Katipunan ng Mga Anak ng Bayan)English:(Supreme
& Venerable society of the Children of the Nation)
Images of the Manila Port and World Trade
Images of the La Solidaridad Newspaper
August 1896 - the discovery of the Katipunan's
existence by Spanish authorities

After the discovery of the society
the Katipuneros gathered at Caloocan
tearing their cedulas and declaring
a nation-wide revolution

Shouted "Long live the Philippines!"

Sparked the start of the Philippine

The event is known as the Cry of

(Start of the Philippine Revolution)
Dec 14- 15, 1897 - truce of Biak-na-Bato was signed
Brought a temporary end to the Philippine Revolution

Truce between the Spanish colonial
governor and Emilio Aguinaldo

Aguinaldo and his men were given
400,000 Mexican dollars in exchange for his and his men's exile to Hong Kong

With the money Aguinaldo purchased more weapons and firearm needed for the Revolutionary movement

Andres Bonaficio
Established and leader of the rebellion group: Katipunan
Surprisingly, Bonaficio did not possess battle skills
Emilio Aguinaldo
Leader of the Philippine Revolutionary movement and helped gain its independence from Spain
Accepted a compromise with Spain which was to be exiled to Hong Kong with P400,000

Now known as the first President of the Philippines
George Dewey
George Dewey
A U.S. Navy commodore who defeated the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay during the Spanish-American War
April 25, 1898 - the Spanish-American war begins
An American dispatch boat arrives at Hong Kong bringing news of the American's victory and unintentionally transports Aguinaldo back to the Philippines

The Americans supported Aguinaldo in his efforts against the Spanish colonial government

The Americans succeed in defeating the Spanish off the Philippines
Founded the La Liga Filipina organization
June 12, 1898 - The Philippine Declaration of
Aguinaldo proclaims Philippine independence from his house in Cavite

Declaration signed by 98 people

He establishes a provincial government and becomes its president
Happy 12th of June!!
1899-1902 - Philippine- American War
Caused by America's refusal to recognize Aguinaldo's authority

After Aguinaldo's inauguration, an American guard kills a Philippine soldier as a gesture of resistance against the Philippine's new independent government

Aguinaldo is captured by the Americans

After 3 years of war Aguinaldo declares peace with the U.S. and it finally supports Philippine Independence
Thank You!
July 4th, 1946 - Philippines is granted full
independence by the U.S.
Since Spanish colonial rule does not govern modern-day Philippines, the revolution is considered successful!

In addition, Spain doesn't control any land with Philippines.
It's More Fun in the Philippines!!!
Bonus History Facts
Concurrent with the Philippine Revolution (1896-1902), in the United States of America, inventors have been designing expedient generators during the late 19th century.
In the late 19th century, the Transcontinental Railroad united the nation in a beneficial way.
The nation GROWS!!
Trail of Tears
Viva la Philippines!
Woo Hoo!!!!
Filipino Pride!
Full transcript