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The Philippine Revolution
Transcript of The Philippine Revolution
The Philippine Revolution
a.k.a The Tagalog War
Causes for the Philippine Revolution
On April 19, 1901 Aguinaldo pledges allegiance to the United States and surrenders
General Wesley Merritt establishes a military government becoming the first American military governor of the Philippines
to establish peace and order to the Philippines
prepare it for civil governance
On July 4th, 1946 Philippine was granted full Independence
Outcomes Of the Philippine Revolution
An independent republic with a presidential form of government
The President is elected by the people and is head of State and head of government
Power is equally divided amongst the three branches: the legislative, executive, and judicial
Country governed under three constitutions, presidents through the years removed the old one and replaced it with a new document
Country's government enduring CORRUPTION
Philippine's Current Government
Spain has been colonizing the Philippines since 1565
Philippines wanted independence from Spain
Revolt started on 1896 and officially ended in 1902
Rebellion led by Emilio Aguinaldo
Significant society called Katipunan was led and founded by Andres Bonifacio
Independence declared on June 12, 1898
There have been a profusion of religious-affiliated revolts against Spanish rule, but none had the capability to supplant the Spanish sovereignty
created economic, religious, and social constraints
Spanish persecution, abuse, and forced labor
the construction of the Suez Canal, in 1869, allowed access for Native Filipinos to Europe, which exposed them to new ideas of freedom
wanted to be independent
The nationalist dissatisfaction with more than 300 years of Spanish rule resulted in:
Historians believe that the initial event which caused the revolution was the construction of the Suez Canal, in 1869.
The Filipinos wanted to evade Spain's tyrannous, colonial rule.
Vasco de Gama
Images of Spanish Rule in the Philippines
Goals of the Revolutionaries
Complete independence from Spain and its rule
Timeline of Major Events Before and During the Philippine Revolution
Leader of the Katipunan, Andres Bonaficio, had a goal of winning their independence through warfare.
Wrote two books , "
Noli me tangere"
and "El Filibusterismo"
Vivaciously supported a peaceful reform of Spanish colonial rule
Leads To The Revolution
Major Events During the Revolution
Sept 6, 1834 - The Opening of Manila to World Trade
Foreign merchants from Europe brought with them liberal ideas of government and society
Spanish merchants gradually lost their commercial
Gave rise to the Ilustrados (elite class of Native Filipinos, who were educated in Spanish and introduced to European Nationalist ideas)
Feb 15, 1889 - The Establishment of the La Solidaridad
asserted the Filipinos plea for reforms
published in Barcelona, Spain
it insisted yearning for:
representation in the Cortes Generales, a legislature in Spain
freedom of assembly and speech
equal rights before the law
Sept 18, 1891
- Jose Rizal finishes his novel El Filibusterismo following Noli Me Tangere, a previous novel
Both were anti-Spanish novels
Portrayed Filipino struggle under Spanish Rule
The novels were banned by the Spanish
July 3, 1892 - Jose Rizal founded La Liga Filipina
A civic movement aimed to reunite Filipinos
to act together for reform to an unjust Spanish Rule
Joint protection in every want and need
Defense against injustice and violence
Study and application of reforms
July 7, 1892 - Establishment of the Katipunan
a top secret Philippine revolutionary society succesing to La Liga Filipina , founded after Jose Rizal's sentence and banishment
organized by Andres Bonifacio, Theodoro
Plata, Ladislao Diwa
their goal was to fight for freedom against Spain
Katipunan ng Mga Anak ng Bayan)English:(Supreme
& Venerable society of the Children of the Nation)
Images of the Manila Port and World Trade
Images of the La Solidaridad Newspaper
August 1896 - the discovery of the Katipunan's
existence by Spanish authorities
After the discovery of the society
the Katipuneros gathered at Caloocan
tearing their cedulas and declaring
a nation-wide revolution
Shouted "Long live the Philippines!"
Sparked the start of the Philippine
The event is known as the Cry of
(Start of the Philippine Revolution)
Dec 14- 15, 1897 - truce of Biak-na-Bato was signed
Brought a temporary end to the Philippine Revolution
Truce between the Spanish colonial
governor and Emilio Aguinaldo
Aguinaldo and his men were given
400,000 Mexican dollars in exchange for his and his men's exile to Hong Kong
With the money Aguinaldo purchased more weapons and firearm needed for the Revolutionary movement
Established and leader of the rebellion group: Katipunan
Surprisingly, Bonaficio did not possess battle skills
Leader of the Philippine Revolutionary movement and helped gain its independence from Spain
Accepted a compromise with Spain which was to be exiled to Hong Kong with P400,000
Now known as the first President of the Philippines
A U.S. Navy commodore who defeated the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay during the Spanish-American War
April 25, 1898 - the Spanish-American war begins
An American dispatch boat arrives at Hong Kong bringing news of the American's victory and unintentionally transports Aguinaldo back to the Philippines
The Americans supported Aguinaldo in his efforts against the Spanish colonial government
The Americans succeed in defeating the Spanish off the Philippines
Founded the La Liga Filipina organization
June 12, 1898 - The Philippine Declaration of
Aguinaldo proclaims Philippine independence from his house in Cavite
Declaration signed by 98 people
He establishes a provincial government and becomes its president
Happy 12th of June!!
1899-1902 - Philippine- American War
Caused by America's refusal to recognize Aguinaldo's authority
After Aguinaldo's inauguration, an American guard kills a Philippine soldier as a gesture of resistance against the Philippine's new independent government
Aguinaldo is captured by the Americans
After 3 years of war Aguinaldo declares peace with the U.S. and it finally supports Philippine Independence
July 4th, 1946 - Philippines is granted full
independence by the U.S.
Since Spanish colonial rule does not govern modern-day Philippines, the revolution is considered successful!
In addition, Spain doesn't control any land with Philippines.
It's More Fun in the Philippines!!!
Bonus History Facts
Concurrent with the Philippine Revolution (1896-1902), in the United States of America, inventors have been designing expedient generators during the late 19th century.
In the late 19th century, the Transcontinental Railroad united the nation in a beneficial way.
The nation GROWS!!
Trail of Tears
Viva la Philippines!