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Transcript of Anne Frank
Life In The Annex and Hiding from the Nazis
What was it like to live in the Annex?
Life in the Annex was a very different and excruciating experience for those hiding from the Nazis in the Amsterdam Office attic.
The people of the Annex had to follow strict rules. These rules included many things.
They were only allowed to use the W.C at designated times due to the fear the noise could arouse the workers
They could not walk around in shoes during the day, because the shoes could make too much noise .Similar to the rule above, it could reveal the hiders location to the workers below.
Equally important , they could not converse or socialize until the night once again, so the workers do not overhear the hiders and grow suspicious.
The hiding place was small and crowded.
To clarify, this not only means it was small in size, but it also means it was hard for the family to get away from one another because the hiding place was so small.
Some examples of situations in which the small space had a play include...
Margot having to shift to her parent's room in order to make sleeping arrangements for Frittz Pfiffer
Peter's room was too small for him.
Anne having to escape to the attic to get away from her mom since there was nowhere else she could go.
Last but not least, the hiding place is controversial.
There were small amounts of food,making the family ration everything, leading to many fights and arguments.
Why did Mr.Frank choose this location?
He owned the warehouse, therefore he thoroughly knew the location and no one would suspect the family to hide there.
Mr. Frank knew that some of his workers were trustworthy, hence he could still help them make business decisions and the workers could help bring the family what they needed.
How did they obtain their food and supplies?
The “family” had helpers who brought them food and other necessities.
These workers include and some of their major roles include...
Miep Gies who went out and brought supplies such as food. She also worked at Mr.Frank's office
Bep Voskuijl similarly shopped for the family and was a secretary at Mr.Frank's office. Her father Johan Voskuijl built the moveable bookcase.
Johannes Kleiman and Victor Kugler aid the family financially
What did the people of the Annex eat and drink?
In total the family had three ration books that feed all of the eight people.
Furthermore, all of the food the family received from their helpers was divided evenly among them.
Some of the foods the family ate consisted of strawberries, potatoes, and cake for special occasions. Much of this food was canned there were only some opportunities when the families were able to consume some fresh food.
Some drinks they most commonly drank included water,milk, and occasionally alcohol for the adults
What Freedoms did they lose?
When the family went into hiding they were no longer allowed to go outside of the Annex in case they were ever spotted.
During the Nazi invasions jews could no longer publicly be a jew in fear of the Nazis. So the Annex residents legally lost their rights of following their religion.
With this in mind, the children in the Annex, consisting of Anne, Margot, and Peter, could no longer go to school and had to learn from school books. Thus meaning,they lost their right to an education. They organically were able to go to the Jewish Lyceum but as the war became more intense they lost that right and had to go to hiding.
What did they do to pass the time
All of the family ate and slept to pass time.
Anne, Peter, and Margot all read and studied to pass time, due to the absence of school. The Adults as well pursued different courses to pass time.
Occasionally there were tasks that could be completed by all the residents from Mr.Frank's office. Examples includes making jam or packaging spices
Anne Frank learned many topics such as history and geometry and learned French, English, German and Dutch and loved to read any kind of books.
She enjoyed writing in her diary which she spent a lot of time on.
Anne enjoyed spending time with peter as well, she tended to do this toward the night
Margot Frank read many books preferably about religion and medicine and learned languages such as: English, French, Latin, German, and Dutch and was taught many other subjects.
She helped with household chores as well.
Peter Van Pels learned many languages, including, English, French, Dutch, German and even learned the skill of woodworking.
Prior to his cat moushi's disappearance Peter spent a lot of time with his feline friend.
Peter also spent a lot of time with Anne and began to form a relationship with her.
Mrs.Frank took English courses and loved to read everything except detective stories.
She helped with household chores as well.
Throughout her stay she spent a lot of time scolding her youngest daughter Anne.
Mr.Frank learned Latin and English and did not enjoy reading novels, but, had a preference for more dry descriptions of people and places.
Mr.Frank continued office work while in hiding as well.
Mrs.Van Pels took courses in English and read many different types of literature.
She told a lot of stories of her past to many of the residents,especially her love life.
Mr.Van Pels took no classes but he looked up words in the encyclopedia.
When he had a supply of cigarettes Hermann spent a large amount of time smoking.
Mr.Pfeffer took courses in English, Spanish, and Dutch with no noticeable results and read mostly anything they was liked by the majority.
Due to his separation from his wife he spent a lot of time writing her letters.
How were their lives different from the weekdays and weekends ?
During the week everyone had to wake up between 6:45 and 7:00 because the workers would arrive between 8:30 and 9:00.
In the afternoon the family was allowed to move around because all of the workers went home for a break to have lunch with their families.
However, when all the workers went home at night the family was bestowed nightly freedom to do as they pleased as long as outsiders didn’t notice them.
On the weekends the workers were at home, therefore the family had a sense of freedom but still, had to make sure no one noticed them from the outside world.
What were they deprived of ?
The family could no longer get fresh food and they were limited to a certain ration diet.
They were also limited to when they were allowed to use the w.c., which especially was a huge inconvenience.
The families were deprived of luxuries and other materialistic goods. For example Mr. Van Pels could not get cigarettes after he ran out of his supply.
There were designated times the families were allowed to talk to one another to try and not drive attention to the attic.
How did the helpers keep them safe?
The helpers built a bookcase in front of the door that lead to the attic to help hide the family.
The helpers also brought the family necessities, which included food, clothes, and medicine.
One of the most important ways the helpers kept the residents safe was by keeping the existence of the hiders a secret.
How did the hiders communicate with the helpers?
The helpers before work, during lunch, and after work visited the family to cater to the annex resident’s needs.
The hiders also kept notes that the helpers can simply read to find out what the residents needed. Bep and Miep who specialized in getting supplies normally were the who used these notes.
How did those in hiding get information?
Their helpers brought them new information every time they came to work regarding what was happening with the war.
They also had a radio which allowed them to know any new information about the war, including invasions and how many people had been sent to concentration camps. Normally the Radio is tuned to the BBC London broadcasts, since Britain was part of the allies in WWII and in favor of the jews.
To conclude, those living in the annex underwent an ordeal in which they lost many freedoms and were deprived of many things. However, it would not have been possible without the assistance of the helpers who aided them in getting necessities and communicated with their helpers to gain information on the dreaded war's status. Overall, Anne Frank and the other Annex member's experiences can be considered inspiring.
The Diary of Anne Frank. By: Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett
Diary Excerpts From The Diary of Anne Frank
The fate of the Annex Members
Hermann Van Pels is incapable of working so he is gassed in Auschwitz a few weeks after his arrivial.
Peter dies of heavy labor in the Mauthausen concentration camp
Fritz Pfeffer is deported to the Neuengamme concentration camp and dies of heavy labor.
Otto Frank Survives the Auschwitz concentration camp. He has Anne's diary publishes and hopes to spread awareness of peace and unity.
Edith Frank dies of illness in Aushwitz
Augeste Van Pels is murdered from her journey from Raguhn to the camp at Theresienstadt
Anne Frank and Margot Frank die of Typhus in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp
By: Preya Patel and Brittney Testa