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Forms of Government
Transcript of Forms of Government
By: Allyson Eoff, Rachel Bernardo, Ashton Gully, and Amanda Jackson
Dictatorship- a form of government where a dictator takes charge of a country, sometimes by force.
Dictatorship of Cuba
Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy.
The king must comply with Islamic Law and the Qur'an because he gets his right to rule from God.
No modern constitution has ever been written for Saudi Arabia.
It is the only Arab nation were no elections have taken place.
No political parties or national elections are allowed.
Dictatorship of Cuba:
Constitutional Monarchy of Great Britain:
Representative Democracy of the United States:
Absolute Monarchy of Saudi Arabia:
Theocracy of Vatican City:
Representative Democracy is a type of democracy founded on elected officials representing a group of people.
In this type of government, all eligible citizens vote on representatives to pass laws for them who listen to the people and decide what is best for them.
Some characteristics include competition for government positions, free communication, and the United States exemplify all of theses characteristics.
A president holds the power, however there are many branches in the government that have to come together to make a decision impacting the citizens.
Parts of a Representative Democracy resemble a Constitutional Monarchy because they both have to abide by the constitution and they both have subsections that they have to consult with to make a decision (ex: Parliament, Legislative Branch, Congress, Executive Branch, etc.)
a form of government in which a monarch is legally restricted within the boundaries of a constitution.
Queen Elizabeth II is the monarch and has limited power due to her requirement to abide by the constitution.
Queen governs according to the constitution. She rules according to rules, rather than her own free will.
The Queen's authority comes from her family and the right to rule is passed down through generations.
The new king or queen reigns until death.
The new monarch is crowned in Westminster Abbey, usually by the Archbishop of Canterbury.
Parts of a constitutional monarchy represent a representative democracy because they both have to rule according to a constitution and have sub-levels of government.
A form of government where the king has absolute and unrestricted power over the people. The monarchy is hereditary and is not bound by a constitution.
Raul Castro currently holds power in Cuba.
Raul Castro gained power from his brother Fidel Castro, who used force to acquire this held power.
In this case, the dictatorship of Cuba is similar to a monarchy, because power is passed down to family.
Levels of Government:
National Assembly of People's Power
Council of State
Council of Ministers
Provincial and Municipal Governments
Health Care for citizens
Control of Religion because of the dictatorship/communist state
The government is run by the king, who is also the commander and chief of the military.
The king has a crown prince and a legislative body called the Consultative Council, who help him make decisions.
The government is dealing with issues such as Islamic terrorism, foreign policies, national defense and international affairs.
The government has often been accused of corruption because it is run solely by the royal family.
The people have very little rights and this often causes the people to agree with Islamic Terrorists.
The government tries to maintain control by issuing peace policies with the Middle East and staying in close relations with oil-producing and oil-consuming countries.
Levels of government:
Parliament, House of Lords, House of Commons, Prime Minister, Cabinet, and the Judiciary.
Fifteen Commonwealth realms around the world.
Primary role of their government:
To provide stability, continuity and a national focus, as the Head of State remains the same even as governments change.
Making legislation and running the Armed Forces
a focus for national identity, unity and pride
fair elections, vote, stand as a candidate, and to participate in public life.
It is a fair government that protects the rights of its citizens. It does have a monarchy, but they must abide by the constitution which limits their power and protects the citizens.
Immigration is a huge problem for Britain.
Scottish and Welsh representative assemblies has raised the question of whether England should have its own parliament, separate from the United Kingdom.
Dictatorship of Cuba
How do citizens benefit from a dictatorship?
The government of this country is set up in a way that those in charge have the most access to resources and power.
Citizens in Cuba technically have the right to a "fair and free" election, but the Castro brothers have remained in control for over 40 years.
Citizens have almost no way to change their government, as they oppressed for opposing the government.
Benefits of a Dictatorship:
Dictatorships produce change quicker than other types of government, like democracies.
Sometimes in times of trouble, it can be very beneficial to have the ability to make quick decisions.
An Absolute Monarchy has a centralized government where one person makes laws and decisions and everyone knows who is responsible.
The Royal Family
The form of government where a church or deity is known as the ruler and the church officials are considered divinely guided.
The head of state of the Vatican is the Pope in the Roman Catholic Church. The Pope is elected for life but he may resign.
The legal system is based off of Canon Law but the pope has the final say in court cases.
The courts are part of the judicial system in the church.
The only court the belongs to the city itself is for first instances of civil and criminal cases.
The Pope governs the church with the College of Cardinals.
The Pope may act without them but he often relies on the cardinals for advice and administrative purposes.
Administration body who helps and is responsible to the Pope is called Curia Romana.
In the US, each state,county, and city have representatives that speak for that area.
Primary role: represent the people,fulfill their requests, protect with laws and rights
People pay taxes for: education, transportation, public services, welfare, etc.
Bill of Rights that provides freedoms and rights (religion, speech, press, property, etc)
Pros:nationwide vote for issues, all citizens have the opportunity to have responsibility/influence the government
Cons: elected officials can not represent everyone's opinions, some citizens don't vote and all citizens don't fully participate, officials can break promises/ claims that they made when running for office
The Pope is believed to directly speak and get his power from God.
The Pope rules with absolute power because of his divine rights.
Freedoms: rights are from religious texts enforced by pope, bishops, and cardinals; Pope has civic and political authority and the rights are set forth by text/creeds/Pope/Catholicisms which citizens must live by (ex: no women leaders, no birth control, cant go in Vatican in shorts/sleeveless)
Pros: all follow the church, high sense of patriotism, unity,share a common set of values and traditions
Cons: highly powered authoritarian leader, resistance to change which results in economically disadvantaged, punished if they disobey government