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the 5 major world religions are Christianity, Islam, Judaism
Transcript of the 5 major world religions are Christianity, Islam, Judaism
Christianity was founded in 33 AD in Palestine. Jesus was the founder of Christianity by telling stories and parables with his disciples. Christianity is mainly located in Europe and North and South America.
The main sects in Christianity are Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and Protestantism. The special texts in Christianity are the Bible, New and Old Testaments. The main
events in Christianity are Advent (nov. 30-dec. 24) Christmas (dec. 25) Epiphany (jan. 6) Lent (40 day period prier to Easter) Good Friday (last friday before Easter) Easter (day varies) and All Saints Day (nov. 1)
Islam was founded in 622 CE by Muhammad who was a trade merchant in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Muslim people used to worship many gods. One day during one of Muhammad's trips, an angel appeared to him and said that he was to be a prophet and that there is only one God, Allah, he was to worship him. That is when he made the Qur'an.
Islam is mainly located in the Middle East and North Africa. The sacred text that they use is the Qur'an. The major sects in Islam are Sunni and Shi'ite, Twelvers, Seveners and Sufi. The sacred days in Islam are Ramadan (month long) Eid al-Fitr (festival of breaking the fast) Hijra (week long) and Eid al-Adha (festival of sacrifice).
Hinduism was founded in 1500 BC in India. Hinduism was not originally founded as a religion but as a culture. Hinduism is mainly located in India, United Kingdom and the United States.
The main sects in Hinduism are Saivism, Vaisnavism and Saktism. Their major texts are Vedas, Upanishads, Sutras and Bhagavad Gita. The holy days are Mahas hirarati (mid-february) Holi (spring) and Diwali (mid-november)
Buddhism was founded in 520 BCE in Northeastern India by Siddharta Guatama who was an indian prince.
Buddhism is mainly located in China, Japan, Korea and Southeast Asia. Their sacred text is called Pali Canon (tripitaka). The major sects in Buddhism are Theravada ,Mahayana, Pure Land ,Tibetian, Zen and Korean Zen. Buddhists holy days vary by region but it often includes Buddha's Birthday, Buddha's enlightenment and lunar quarters.
Judaism was founded in 2500 BC in Mesopotamia. It was founded by Abraham. He promoted the central idea of the Jewish faith, that there is only One God. Judaism is mainly located in Isreal, Europe, and Usa.
The major sects of Judaism are Reform, Conservative and Orthodox. Their texts are the Torah and Tanakh. The Jewish holidays are Shabbat (the Sabbath), Days of Awe, Hanukkah (the Festival of Lights), Passover (Pesach), Purim, Jewish New Year (Rosh Hashanah), Festival of Booths (Sukkot), 15th of Shevat (Tu B'Shevat) and The Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)
Judaism, Christianity and Islam are all Monotheistic which means they only have one God. Jews name Him Yahweh, Christians name Him God and Muslims name Him Allah. Buddhists are Atheists which means even though they have spirits and key figures, their key is not to bow to God, it is to reach Nirvana. Without them being devoted to a God, they are considered atheist. Hindu's have the freedom of belief so they can be monotheistic, polytheistic or anti-theistic.
Over all the similarities between the five major religions is that they all love, respect and honor one another. The only difference is that each one has its own belief and has its own way of respecting, loving, and honoring their God and people.
Religion has affected us today because it has had millions of people killed, it has brought out the good and bad in people, and it shows how many different beliefs and cultures we have in this world.
The Crusades, The Troubles in Ireland, Rwanda 1994, East Timor civil war, Current Iraqi civil war, Hezbollah vs. Israel, and Syria vs. Israel have all been some of the wars that were influenced and caused by religion differences.
Religion has played a big role in my life because it has taught me how to get closer to God and how to help and respect people and it has become a part of my lifestyle.
Christanity's followers are mainly concentrated in South and North America, Europe and Asia,
Jews are mainly in Isreal/Africa and
Muslims are mainly in Africa and Asia,
Buddhists are mainly in East and Southeast Asia, and
Finally Hindus are mainly concentrated in India and Africa.