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The 4 ENs in the schist villages of Portugal - Comenius Portuguese presentation in Gairloch, Scotland
Transcript of The 4 ENs in the schist villages of Portugal - Comenius Portuguese presentation in Gairloch, Scotland
a very special experience
as it will take you through the mountains on set trails that go to and through these very special places. You can see
the old building techniques using schist stone
and wood in a mini surrounding: tiny streets, little sheds and
and former commercial buildings. This very unique human built environment is contrasted by the landscape,
breathtaking mountain views
clear, clean air
By: Daniela Martins-12LH2 and Diogo Duarte-10CT2
20 April 2015
There are 27 schist villages which are one of Portugal's most kept secrets that you're more than welcome to visit.
Even if the 'outdoor' is the same for every village, each one has its own distinct character and allure.
Decades ago, a community oven was common in many villages across
Portugal, especially in the north.
These ovens were built by the people and for the people. Everyone
could use it to make their own bread since eating bread is
something very characteristic of the Portuguese.
Five slate villages are located within this idyllic setting. Following the river Zêzere from North to South, we begin in the village of Barroca, with ancient watermills, a footbridge with engravings that were inscribed into the rocks several thousands of years ago by the ancestors of the local inhabitants. Here you can visit the Pinhal Interior Rupestrian Art Route.
The schist landscape can also be found in the upper Douro gorge.
Schist has long been synonymous with port wine production.
What is it about schist and port wine grapes ?The roots of the vines follow deep into the earth to get moisture and nutrients and at the same time gain a strong anchor for the vines above. The dark colour of the schist also absorbs
the heat of the day
and slowly releases
the heat during the night
adding to an ideal micro climate for growing
port wine grapes
The Four Elements of Nature in the schist villages of Portugal!
All the houses are built with schist since this rock can easily be split creating a flat surface, therefore making secure houses which last for many years .
Handcrafted work can be found all over the place, on every street, corner, balcony, each one different than the other.
The most beautiful things about these villages are the houses built by men and the nature involving.
The rich fauna and flora surrounding are what makes these villages more peaceful, quiet and an extreme delight for all the visitors.
The best way to visit this villages is on foot or bike, many walking paths were created to make the experience more unique.
The origins of this colourful and unusual rock - schist - can be
compared to sedimentary mudstone, shale or volcanic lava that has later been squeezed and contorted by immense heat and tectonic forces deep underground changing its structure into a finely layered or foliated rock.
The people would pay someone to watch the oven (usually the person was paid with bread) and everyday fresh bread would be made.
In the most remote villages, this technique is still used though it slowly lost value after the industrial revolution.
Earth & Fire
Earth, Air & Fire
Earth & Air
Earth, Air, Fire & Water
Earth, Air, Fire & Water
Earth, Air, Water & Fire
Earth, Water, Fire & Air
Hope you enjoyed our presentation and come and visit the schist villages of Portugal!