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Masks From Around the Globe
Transcript of Masks From Around the Globe
Presentation by Brandon Barnett
Native Americans of the Northwest Coast Revealing Masks
Apache Crown Dancers
Day of the Dead Masks
Mayan Burial Masks
Inuit Shaman Transformation Masks
Alunga Mask of the Bembe People
Kponyungo Masks of the Senufo
(Ivory Coast, Africa)
Barong Rangda Masks
Hindu Festival of Theyyam
Alpine Masking Traditions
Masks of the Aborigines
What are Masks For?
What are Masks Made of?
What do Masks Represent?
When are Masks Used?
Rites of Passage
Native American Masks
Among the native peoples of the Americas masks are an integral part of not only the culture but also their heritage. Among the natives of the northwest coast, particular masks are passed down through the generations and can only be worn by certain families. Among the Inuit or Eskimos, masks are part of the religious practices in which a shaman will craft and wear a 'transformation mask' that is believed to grant the wearer the qualities of the image in which it was made.
Masks of Africa
Of all the continents in the world it can be argued the masks of Africa are the most diverse as well as the most recognizable. The many different ethnic groups each with their own culture all craft masks in a style uniquely their own. A common theme among the masks of Africa is they all seek to portray themes of the spirit world often lending to their bizarre or unnatural appearance.
The World's Oldest Known Masks
In 2014 eleven stone masks found in the Judean desert went on display in a special exhibit at a Jerusalem museum. The masks are the oldest artifacts of their kind dating back to the Neolithic period 9,000 years ago.
1: Masks of the Inuit: Arctic Circle
Fitzhugh, W. (2004, January 1). Arctic Studies Center - Transformation Mask. Retrieved April 19, 2015, from http://www.mnh.si.edu/arctic/features/croads/amask1.html
2: Transformation Masks of the Northwest Coast Native Americans: British Columbia
Endzweig, P. (2014, January 1). Native American Masks of the Northwest Coast and Alaska. Retrieved January 1, 2015, from http://natural-history.uoregon.edu/collections/web-galleries/native-american-masks-northwest-coast-and-alaska
3: Apache Crown Dancers: American Southwest
White Mountains, Arizona. (n.d.). Retrieved April 19, 2015, from http://www.ket.org/artstoolkit/wodm/tour/namerica/unitedstates/whitemountain.htm
4: Day of the Dead Masks: Latin America
Day of the Dead history: Ritual dating back 3000 years. (n.d.). Retrieved April 19, 2015, from http://www.azcentral.com/story/entertainment/holidays/day-of-the-dead/2014/09/24/day-of-the-dead-history/16174911/
5: Masks of Carnival: Caribbean Islands
KIngsford-Smith, A. (2015, January 1). Caribbean. Retrieved April 20, 2015, from http://theculturetrip.com/caribbean/articles/a-celebration-of-roots-the-best-carnivals-in-the-caribbean-/
6: Mayan Burial Masks: Central America
Burial Mask. (n.d.). Retrieved April 20, 2015, from http://lenamollynatalierachel.wikispaces.com/Burial Mask
7: Diablada: Bolivia, South America
Diablada de Píllaro: Devils Take Over! (n.d.). Retrieved April 20, 2015, from http://www.thisisecuador.com/contents/andes/la-diablada-de-pillaro.html
8: Alunga Masks of the Bembe People: Congo, Africa
Carved wood Alunga mask, Bembe people, Congo. (n.d.). Retrieved April 20, 2015, from http://masksoftheworld.com/wp-content/maskoftheworld_archives/Africa/African Bembe mask.htm
9: Kponyungo Masks of the Senufo: Ivory Coast, Africa
Senufo Kponyungo - RAND AFRICAN ART. (n.d.). Retrieved April 20, 2015, from http://www.randafricanart.com/Senufo_Kponyugo_painted.html
10: Bwa Masks: Mali, Africa
African Masks - Bwa Mask. (n.d.). Retrieved April 20, 2015, from http://www.artyfactory.com/africanmasks/masks/bwa.htm
11: Masks of the Judean Desert
Williams, A. (2014, June 10). World's Oldest Masks Modeled on Early Farmers' Ancestors. Retrieved from http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/06/140610-oldest-masks-israel-museum-exhibit-archaeology-science/
12: Kukeri Masks: Bulgaria
Sanders, J. (n.d.). Many Mouths One Stomach » THE KUKERI PROCESSIONS, BABA MARTA, AND THE COMING OF SPRING. Retrieved April 20, 2015, from http://manymouths.org/2009/03/the-kukeri-processions-baba-marta-and-the-coming-of-spring/
13: Venetian Masks: Venice, Italy
Venetian mask. (n.d.). Retrieved April 20, 2015, from http://themascherade.com/contents/en-us/d5_Page_5.html
14: Alpine Masking Traditions: Germany
Pre-Christian Alpine traditions. (n.d.). Retrieved April 20, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pre-Christian_Alpine_traditions
15: Theyyam: Kerala, India
Theyyam. (n.d.). Retrieved April 20, 2015, from https://theyyamkerala.wordpress.com/
16: Barong Rangda Masks: Bali
The Barong Dance of Bali. (n.d.). Retrieved April 22, 2015, from http://www.indo.com/culture/barong.html
17: Chinese Opera Masks: China
Mask Changing - The Most Guarded Art. (n.d.). Retrieved April 22, 2015, from http://arts.cultural-china.com/en/87Arts10584.html
Arts - Opera - China culture. (n.d.). Retrieved April 22, 2015, from http://arts.cultural-china.com/27two.html
18: Kabuki Masks: Japan
Edutainment Japanese Masks in Noh Theater and Kabuki. (n.d.). Retrieved April 22, 2015, from http://www.artelino.com/articles/japanese-masks.asp
19: Masks of the Aborigines: Australia
'Sugu Mawa' (Octopus Mask) artwork. (n.d.). Retrieved April 22, 2015, from http://www.nma.gov.au/collections/highlights/octopus_mask_artwork
Carrillo-Huffman, Y. (n.d.). Spirit faces: Beyond the mask - Australian Museum. Retrieved April 22, 2015, from http://australianmuseum.net.au/spirit-masks
Some are functional, some expertly crafted for the entertainment industry, and others simply allow us to be someone or something else while we wear it.