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History of Rock Music: Chapter 7
Transcript of History of Rock Music: Chapter 7
Willy and the Poor Boys (1969).
Started out as The Blue Velvets, then The Golliwogs.
Remade Van Morrison’s “Brown-Eyed Girl” in the mid-60s.
CCR included John Fogerty, his brother Tom, Stu Cooke, and Doug Clifford.
Hits included: “Born on the Bayou,” “Proud Mary,” “Green River,” and “Bad Moon Rising.”
Music was “hard, jangling, rock-inspired folk music.”
In 1969-70 they released 7 Top 10 singles.
Creedence Clearwater Revival
SOURCES: Shirley, 105.
The Gilded Palace of Sin (1969).
Most often connected with Gram Parsons (1946-1973), The Flying Burrito Brothers brought a “rougher, more traditional edge” to their music.
The Flying Burrito Brothers
SOURCES: Shirley, 104-105. http://www.thebuffalospringfield.com/index2.html
With its talented lead singer-guitarists Stephen Stills and Neil Young, they infused folk, country, and bluegrass elements into their rock songs, “Bluebird,” “Rock and Roll Woman,” and “For What It’s Worth.”
The Buffalo Springfield
SOURCES: Shirley, 104. http://www.vh1.com/artists/az/byrds/artist.jhtml
Began introducing folk and country elements into their songs.
Led by singers Roger McGuinn and David Crosby, they popularized such folk songs as Seeger’s “Turn, Turn, Turn” and Dylan’s “Mr. Tambourine Man.”
SOURCE: Shirley, 100-101.
In March 1969 Austin Wiggins, Jr. of Fremont, NH recorded his three completely musically untrained daughters.
Their music had no conventional chords or melodies, but was held together by the intensity of the band’s weird notes and rhythms, and the sincerity of their offbeat lyrics.
“Philosophy of the World” got airplay in Boston and positive critiques from Terry Adams and Frank Zappa.
Was re-released in 1975 and 1980. Earned “Comeback band of the Year” from Rolling Stone.
They remain one of the most unusual events in the history of rock and roll.
Sidebar: The Shaggs
SOURCES: Shirley, 102-104. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruce_Springsteen
Released Born to Run in 1975. Was one of the era’s most exciting albums. Springsteen became a nationwide phenomenon.
In 1979 released Darkness at the Edge of Town, a darker more brooding picture of American life.
His most popular tune of the 80s was “Born in the U.S.A.” (1984) a song about a country that had turned its back on its citizens.
The solo album, Nebraska (1982), told stories about “murder, death, and disappointment in the American heartland.”
Born to Run
SOURCES: Shirley, 98-99.
“Pinball Wizard” from Tommy (1975).
Born Reginald Kenneth Dwight in Pinner, England.
In 1969 released his first album, Empty Sky. In 1970 had better success with his album, Elton John, because of “Your Song.”
Was known for his live performances with huge sunglasses and wild onstage antics.
Honky Chateau (1972) captured some of that energy and rose to #1 on the pop charts as did his next 6 albums.
Popular mid-70s singles included: “Benny and the Jets,” “Rocket Man,” and “Philadelphia Freedom.”
Elton John (1947- )
SOURCE: Shirley, 97.
In 1970 Paul McCartney released McCartney, George Harrison, All Things Must Pass, and John Lennon, Plastic Ono Band.
Lennon’s Imagine (1971) was an “especially impressive solo performance.”
Beatles Solo Careers
SOURCES: Shirley, 95-96.
The duo of Paul Simon (1941- ) and Art Garfunkel (1941- ) enjoyed their biggest success in 1969 with “Bridge Over Troubled Water.”
Simon and Garfunkel
SOURCE: Shirley, 93-94.
Young people who earlier believed that rock and roll music could be used to fight racism and injustice, to stop war, and to change the status quo, became less confident and more introspective.
“Intensely personal” folk songs began to replace the “hard, aggressive protest songs.”
In early 1970 folk music regained popularity.
The Late 60s and Early 70s
Things Quiet Down
Rock and Roll History VII
SOURCES: Shirley, 107-108.
On The Ed Sullivan Show (1969).
The Band was made up of 4 Canadians, organist Garth Hudson, guitarist Robbie Robertson, bassist Rick Danko, pianist Richard Manuel, and one American, drummer Levon Helm.
Originally The Hawks, they were the backup band for rockabilly singer Ronnie Hawkins. Played behind Bob Dylan on his 1966 tour.
Music from the Big Pink (1968) and The Band (1969) had some of the era’s finest singles. Hits included: “The Weight,” “Up on Cripple Creek,” and “The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down.”
Toured with Dylan again in the early 70s.
Other notable albums included: Rock of Ages, Before the Flood, and The Basement Tapes.
SOURCES: Shirley, 105-106. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crosby%2C_Stills_and_Nash
In 1969 Stills (Buffalo Springfield) and Crosby (The Byrds) lured Graham Nash from the Hollies to form a vocal trio.
Their 1969 debut album (left) featured Still’s “sinewy guitar solos” and their “high, chirpy harmonies” on songs such as “Marrakesh Express” and “Suite: Judy Blue Eyes.”
For Woodstock, Stills recruited Neil Young (Buffalo Springfield) to play guitar.
Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young released two very successful albums, Déjà Vu (1970) and 4-Way Street (1971).
Crosby, Stills & Nash
SOURCES: Shirley, 99-102. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bruce_Springsteen
On the cover of Rolling Stone.
Born in Longbranch, NJ. Inspired to become a musician when he saw Elvis on The Ed Sullivan Show.
Discovered in 1972 by John Hammond of Columbia Records and billed as “the new Bob Dylan.”
Released Greetings from Asbury Park and The Wild, the Innocent, and the E Street Shuffle in 1973 to critical, but not commercial acclaim. Songs included: “Rosalita,” “Blinded by the Light,” and “Growing Up.”
Rolling Stone critic Jon Landau wrote, “I have seen rock and roll’s future, and his name is Bruce Springsteen.”
Bruce Springsteen (1949- )
Cover of Taylor’s debut album.
SOURCES: Shirley, 94-95. http://www.james-taylor.com/gallery/
Grew up in Chapel Hill, NC and made a name for himself in the mid-60s playing in coffee houses in Greenwich Village, NY.
Like Dylan, he had a high, nasal tenor, but lacked Dylan’s gifts as a songwriter.
Taylor and the soft folk rock he inspired was harshly criticized in the rock and roll media.
Sweet Baby James (1970), however, was one of the most successful pop recordings of that year.
James Taylor (1948- )
SOURCES: Shirley, 97-98. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carole_King
Cover of Tapestry (1971).
Born Carole Klein in 1942 in Brooklyn, NY.
Married Gerry Goffin and churned out many chart-topping hits (“The Loco-motion,” “Will You Love Me Tomorrow”) during the 1960s from the famous Brill Building.
In 1968 released her first solo recording, Now That Everything’s Been Said.
In 1971 released Tapestry, a rich collection of new highly personal tunes with her older pop standards. Now regarded as one of pop music’s most beloved and respected recordings.
“I Feel the Earth Move” and “A Natural Woman” were controversial for their sexually suggestive content.
It was also the first time a young woman had sung so openly about her own feelings.
"You've Got a Friend"
Simon and Garfunkel
"Bridge Over Troubled Water"
"I Feel the Earth Move"
"Blinded by the Light"
"Born in the USA"
"Philosophy of the World"
"Mr. Tambourine Man"
The Buffalo Springfield
"For What It's Worth"
Crosby, Stills, and Nash
"Suite: Judy Blue Eyes"
Creedence Clearwater Revival
"The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down"