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323-The Debate at Stockholm
Transcript of 323-The Debate at Stockholm
Shannon Gibson, PhD
University of Southern California
Recap: Major UN Conferences
1972 - Conference on Human Environment (Stockholm)
1992 - Conference on Environment & Development (Rio de Janeiro)
2002 - Conference on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg)
2012 - Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio de Janiero)
Debates Prior to Stockholm
Limits to Growth (1972)
Tragedy of the Commons (1968)
No Tragedy of the Commons
Susan J Buck's 1985 critique of Hardin's analysis
avoiding the tonypandy
Hardin's definition of commons - not accurate
his argument that Enclosure was best - not accurate
Why does it matter?
To Stockholm we go!
Ostrom's 'Governing the Commons'
also critic of Hardin
argues that self-organizing, sustainable land management of shared resources is possible
provides suggestions for design principles
Intro Civil Society
Not just environmental, political also
Concerns over capitalism
Castro's 'Environment & Development' article
Northern perspectives and the 'Limits to Growth' discourse would be unfair to the South
Pollution of poverty vs. pollution of affluence
No such thing as 'technical solutions'
North must accept historical responsibility
Is global pollution mainly a problem of poverty or of affluence?
What is the balance of responsibility b/w the North and the South?
Does the institution of national sovereignty (state-based governance) help or hinder our ability to work on environmental issues?
Why so much emphasis on a conference that
took place 40 years ago?