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Nonfiction

Teaching Nonfiction - 9th Grade
by

Lisa Martin

on 31 July 2013

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Transcript of Nonfiction

Types of Nonfiction
Essay
Reflective Essay
Still more types of essays...
Humorous Essay
We're done, right?
A literary work that draws its
information from history or fact,
rather than the imagination
Persuasive Essay
Nonfiction
Examines and discusses a focused topic.
Often, the writer's viewpoint is included.
stuff that's not made up
Don't get me wrong, there's
enough opinion and speculation
floating around in nonfiction
works to . . .
sink the Titanic.
OR
Don't believe everything you read.
Article
Provides information about a topic, a person, or an event.
Speech
Intended to be read aloud. Presents a topic that may persuade, inform, explain or entertain.
Biography
The writer tells the life story of another person.
The Biography could focus on:
Personality
Relationships
Major life events
Upbringing
Role in important events
Influence on others
Types of Essays
Narrative Essay
Tells a story of actual
events or an individual's
life experiences.
Descriptive Essay
Creates an impression about a person, an object, or an experience by presenting physical details of sight, sounds smell, touch or taste.
Attempts to convince readers to take a specific course of action or adopt
the writer's viewpoint.
Expresses the writer's thoughts and feelings in a response to a personal experience or an idea.
Expository Essay
Provides information,
discusses ideas, or
explains a process.
Expository Writing Techniques
Description
including language that appeals to the senses.
Comparison and Contrast

Showing similarities and differences among two or more items.
Cause & Effec
t
Explaining the relationship between
events, actions, or situations by
showing how one can result in
another.
Intended to make
the reader laugh
Phah! not quite...
Being funny is hard work.
Humorous writers use
figures
of speech
to make you laugh
Hyperbole
Intentional overstatement
or exaggeration
"That zit is as big as a house!"
Writer's Voice
Voice? Huh?
It's the writer's personal
way of communicating with the audience.
Style
Author's unique way of writing.
Style Elements
Diction:
The kinds of words the author uses
Syntax:
The way the author arranges words
in sentences
Tone
The author's attitude toward
the audience or subject
*can be a single word*
Purpose
The author's reason
for writing
Perspective
The viewpoint or opinion
an author expresses about
the subject.
When an author makes a
one-sided presentation
Bias
Understatement
The presentation of something in a restrained or subtle manner (opposite of hyperbole)
Nonfiction
So...
Satire
The use of humor, irony,
exaggeration, or ridicule to
expose and criticize
people's stupidity or vices
Full transcript