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Clinical Aspect of Muscular System
Transcript of Clinical Aspect of Muscular System
A disorder of the muscles
Techniques for diagnosing:
Observation - look for muscle atrophy, deformities.
Enzyme studies - Creatine Kinase
Difficult-to-diagnose condition involving the muscles
Widespread muscle aches
Repetitive strain injury (RSI)
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Involves the tendons of the finger flexor muscles and the nerves that supply the hand and fingers.
Hand numbness and weakness are caused by pressure on the median nerve as it passes through a tunnel formed by the carpal bones.
Inflammation of skeletal muscle
Often associated with:
Group of hereditary diseases - Duchenne
Involving progressive, non-inflammatory muscular dengeneration
Weakens & wastes away -> Replace by CT and fats
Cardiomyopathy - weakening of the heart muscle
Common Upper Extremity Conditions
Rotator cuff (RTC) injury
Inflammation of RTC occur when people repeatedly perform overhead activities.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Progressive degeneration of motor neurons that leads to muscle atrophy
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Common Lower Extremity Conditions
Persistence fatigue of unknown cause.
Painful lymph nodes,
Muscle and joint pain
Occurs after a viral infection
An acquire autoimmune disease
Antibodies interfere with muscle stimulation
A progressive loss of muscle power
External eye muscles.
Other facial muscles.
Damage to soft tissue:
Tearing of ligaments and tendons
Sign: pain, fatigue, ROM, weakness, stiffness, numbness.
Treatment: rest, elevation, ice packs, bracing, medications
Medial and lateral epicondyles of the distal humerus are attachment points for muscles
Inflammation of these tendons of origin causes pain.
A painful snapping, triggering, or locking of a finger as it is moved.
Caused by inflammation and swelling of the flexor tendon sheath at the metacarpophalangel joint that prevents the tendon from sliding back and forth.
Hamstring Strain - large muscle group in the posterior thigh that extends from hip to the knee and flexes the knee. Common in athletes who stop and start suddenly.
Shin-splint - pain in the leg's anterior tibial region from running on hard surfaces or overuse of the foot flexors.
Achilles tendinitis - large tendon that attaches the calf muscles to the heel and is used to plantar flex the foot at the ankle.
By Tam Phan