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Lies my teacher told me ch 4
Transcript of Lies my teacher told me ch 4
"exterminate" the Pequot people.
-Puritans even passed a law making it a crime to say Pequot. New England colonists execute three Wampanoag Indians, Wampanoag people retaliate
-Of the 90 Puritan towns, 52 were attacked and 12 were destroyed. War of 1812 The United States fights 5 of 7 land battles against Native Americans
-result: Great Britain cuts their alliances to Indian nations
-result: until 1815 "Americans" referred to Native Americans. After 1815 "Americans" now referred to European Americans. "Our histories can hardly describe each war, because there were so many. But precisely because there were so many, the way our textbooks minimize the Indian wars misrepresents our history." -James W. Loewen Our Land: How it Became Ours $24 dollars for Manhattan Dutch pay wrong Indian tribe for Manhattan; Canarsees pleased, Weckquaesgeeks not so happy. The Louisiana Purchase France did not own the land- Indians did.
United States bought the territory claim from France, but still battled Indians for the land. Alternates To War peaceful coexistence White conduct hindered peaceful coexistence: indians were not considered citizens and did not have the same legal rights as a white settler
-indians could be tried in court but could not take a white man to court Intermarriage The french penetrated Indian societies, the Spanish acculturated them, and the British expelled them.
-Pocahontas is believed to be the first and almost last native American accepted into white society Indian State within the United States 1778- Deleware Indians proposed that Native Americans be admitted into the union as a seperate state. Congress refused to consider.
-Whites did not allow Indians to be treated like them Our textbooks pay little attention to these details, but instead give us the idea that- "Native Americans stood in the way of progress" Why our Textbooks are Written This Way - Feeling good about the past, makes one feel good about them self.
- By downgrading Indian culture, wars, and way-of-life, we forget the fact that we stole this continent from them. Can distinctively Indian cultures survive? "If we knew the extent to which Indian ideas have shaped American culture, the United States might recognize Native American societies as cultural assets from which we could continue to learn." Red Eyes "Lies My Teacher Told Me" Chapter 4 Myth: Indian = Savage Students came up with "savage" when asked to do the same thing; even today Indians are wrongly portrayed.
Many textbook authors still write history to comfort descendents of the "settlers".
Natives portrayed as "savages" and "barbaric"; Europeans and settlers as "civilized" and "conquerors".
Authors of textbooks "seize upon the unique and unusual" (ex. Choctaw and Natchez Indians). Indian Slave Trade Some Native Americans had been enslaving other native groups for centuries; difference is that Europeans made these people a commodity.
Twelve textbooks surveyed virtually silent about the extent of Native American slave trade.
Colonists sold Indian slaves to plantations in West Indies, where there was less threat of escape (10,000 shipped from Charleston, SC in one year). "Like the legacy of slavery, the legacy of conquest persists. Indeed, conquest ended more recently than slavery, outlasting that unfortunate institution by a quarter-century. Slavery is now taken seriously in our histories; conquest still is not. In this sense, The American Indian Movement, unlike the civil rights movement, has failed."
-James W. Loewen, (pg.117) In the twelve textbooks surveyed, there was virtually no mention of any intellectual influence of Native Americans on Europeans.
None mention the attraction of Native societies to European Americans and African Americans.
Women had more status and influence in tribes then in white societies of the time; white women in captivity took notice.
Influence on Europeans and Early Americans Andy Lubinski & Mike Sullivan What are 5 adjectives that come to mind that apply to Indians? "Do you really think that all those ideas would have found birth among a people who had spent a millennium butchering other people because of intolerance of questions of religion?"
-John Mohawk, scholar and former spokesmen for the Six Nations Iroquois Influenced social philosophers such as Thomas More and John Locke's theories of government. influenced many of the founding fathers.
Native American societies may be partly responsible for our democratic institutions. (ex. Iroquois League). "Memory says, 'I did that'. Pride replies, 'I could not have done that.' Eventually, memory yields."