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world civ project

Tiffany Bidne

on 12 September 2013

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Transcript of Hyksos

Our Project
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
(cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr
(cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
Hyksos means "foreigners"
or "foreign-rulers"
The Hyksos arrived in Egypt
in the eighteenth century B.C.
They also ruled over Egypt
for 108 years in the
15th dynasty.
We did some research
and we found that...
Body armour and helmets were
introduced along with the curved
The Hyksos
improved the
battle ax.
People have many different
theories on how the Hyksos came
to Egypt and what they did.
Here are just a few of them.
Their head god they worshiped
was Set(h), the god of deserts
and storms.
The Hyksos ruled most of Lower
and Upper Egypt in their time.
The Hyksos were Palestine herders from Palestine (obviously).
They were often referred to as "Semitic kings of Egypt."
People still don't know how the Hyksos became the kings of Egypt. and they probably never will.
An Egyptian priest
wrote about how
people from the
east invaded Egypt.
"Hekau-Khasut", "Shepherd kings", or "Hyk-Khase" all mean "Hyksos".

Manetho wrote an account of Egyptian history about the invasion; because of this, most historians think that the Hyksos invaded Egypt.
Scholars believed that in the 1700s a group of Hebrews might have come into Egypt with the Hyksos.
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
Some historians believe that the tales of Hyksos brutality is made up. Others however, disagree.
The Hyksos got power over Egypt in the 15th and 16th dynasty.
Modern scholars think that the "invasion" was more of a gradual attack, which led to a coup d'état around Lower Egypt.
The Hyksos kept the Jews as slaves.
hyksos invasion
Some people think that the Hyksos were successors of Yoseph and that they didn't invade Egypt.
The Hyksos invaded from the east Delta and met very little Egyption resistance.
Some historians think that the Hyksos took Egypt without battle. This means that they may have been rulers before they "invaded" Egypt.
They reigned for 108 years. This was their empire.
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
Hyksos used chariots in war.
Coup d'état (koo day-ta) means a fast and determined action in politics, usually ending up in a change of government either forcefully or illegally.
Hill, J. "Hyksos." Ancient Egypt Online. N.p., 2010. Web. 21 Nov 2011. <http://www.ancientegyptonline.co.uk/hyksos.html>.

Im Nin'alu, The Semitic Influence in Ancient Egypt. Im Nin'alu, unknown. Web. 16 Nov 2011. <http://www.imninalu.net/Hyksos.htm>.

Miller, Sue ed dir., S. M. (2005). The middle kingdom. (p. 23). Austin, TX: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.

National Geographic,. "Time Line of Ancient Egypt." 1996: n. page. Print. <Http://www.nationalgeographic.com/pyramids/timeline.html>.

The Freeman Institute, Joseph Egypt and the Hyksos. The Freeman Institute, unknown. Web. 16 Nov 2011. <http://www.freemaninstitute.com/Gallery/joseph.htm>.

World Book Encyclopedia. (2009). Hyksos. In Editor unknown (Ed.), (2009 ed. p. 475). Chicago: Scott Fetzer Company.
Any Questions?
By Jessica Carman and Anastasia Bidne
Full transcript