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Transcript of Sonnets
foot: two syllables put together
pentameter: 5 meters, or 5 sets of 2 syllables per line
iamb: the stressing of the 2nt syllable (daDUM)
every sonnet is written like this, 10 syllables per line and every other stressed
if YOU | would PUT | the KEY | inSIDE | the LOCK History in sonnets Shakespeare first appeared in 1609
can not only be seen in raw form, but also in many of shakespeares plays, such as the opening lines in "Romeo and Juliet"
published 154 sonnets total in the year of 1609 without permission by a man named Thomas Thorpe.
There are questions as to the authorship of the sonnets as their dates of conception are not known and the unlawful presentation of them brings question to motive.
Topic matter is a handsome boy, rival poet, and a "Dark lady" they both love
#153-154 seem to be adapted from famous greek poems, while the rest address the dark lady more head on. Other Major influences Petrarch:
Sr. Thomas Wyatt: Simply put, a sonnet is A fourteen line poem written in Iambic Pentameter, which includes one of several type specific rhyme schemes. The goal of a sonnet is often to compare two things or to portray a subject specific matter Petrarchan Sonnet Shakespearean/English Sonnet Divided into 2 stanzas, one with 8 lines called an OCTAVE, and the other with 6, called a SESTET
Rhyme sceme of octave: a b b a a b b a
Rhyme sceme of sextet can vary from:
c d c d c d
c d d c d c
c d e c d e
c d e c e d
c d c e d c
A change in rhyme scheme signifies a subject change
Earliest form of sonnet brought to England by Sir Thomas Wyatt and developed in Italy by the poet Petrarch Things to remember Rhyme schemes can often be manipulated, octaves, sextets, couplets, and quatrains cannot.
A sonnet can still be a sonnet if it does not follow the above forms due to their iambic pentameter or subject matter, though it is rare.
In a rhyme scheme, each different letter represents a new rhyming word adapted from the Petrarchan sonnet by a man named Henry Howard.
Most often used, and simplest form of sonnet.
Split unto quartrains (4 lines)
Rhyme scheme Of quartrains: A B A B/ C D C D / E F E F
last two lines are a couplet: G G
one stanza. Most often one subject, unlike Italian counterpart.
Made famous my Shakespeare's 100+ sonnets were first developed in the early 13th century by an italian man named Francesco Petrarch
Petrarch used them to express his feelings for an unknown girl named Laura, of whom there is no evidence he ever met
Brought to England in the 16th century by Sir Thomas Wyatt and Henry Howard.
The English were accredited with using sonnets for showing love through religion, and eventually adapting the more popular form of Shakespearean sonnets we know today
Sonnets were not necessarily considered poetry until Shakespeare's were published in 1609
Popular among renaissance poets, which makes sense considering the Renaissance was known for love.
They didn't die out after Renaissance, and survived the crossing to America, becoming very popular due to its adaptable nature Sonnet # 18, "Shall I compare thee to a Summers Day?" Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer's lease hath all too short a date:
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimm'd;
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd;But thy eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest;
Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou growest:
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long lives this and this gives life to thee. Other Famous sonnets 126 - O thou my lovely boy
130 - My Mistress' eyes029 - When in disgrace with fortune116 - Let me not to the marriage of true minds18 - Shall I compare thee to a Summer's day? Accredited with inventing the sonnet
Wrote about mysterious girl named "Laura," who he is never even believed to have met
Brought forth the idea that The poetry outlives the poet
Born in 14th century Italy in a place where almost no one could read or write.
Lived through the time of the great plague, and lost almost everyone he knew, which was motivation for his writings and possibly helped him gain notoriety.
Famous sonnets include: Soleasi Nel Mio Cor, Qual Donna Attende A Gloriosa Fama, and Gli Occhi Di Ch' Io Parlai. Which were subsequently translated into English. German poet known for his series of sonnets entitled "The Sonnets to Orpheus"
Rilke is a good example of how sonnets spread through culture and time, as he lived in 20th century Germany.
Represent the lighter and more rhythmic side of poetry with their "song like" Format and Rhymes
All poetry is better read in its own language, and Rilke also represents how some magic can be lost in stranslation a writer credited with bringing Italian sonnets to England in the 16th century
lived from 1503-1542
Transformed Italian sonnet to the 1 stanza, couplet ending Shakespearean version that we know today.
Known for his sonnets " I find no Peace" and "Whoso List to Hunt"
Often called the father of the English sonnet
I FIND no peace, and all my war is done ;
I fear and hope, I burn, and freeze like
I fly aloft, yet can I not arise ;
And nought I have, and all the world I seize on,
That locks nor loseth, holdeth me in prison,
And holds me not, yet can I scape no wise :
Nor lets me live, nor die, at my devise,
And yet of death it giveth me occasion.
Without eye I see ; without tongue I plain :
I wish to perish, yet I ask for health ;
I love another, and thus I hate myself ;
I feed me in sorrow, and laugh in all my pain.
Lo, thus displeaseth me both death and life,
And my delight is causer of this strife.