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Sikhism

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Brian Batz

on 29 October 2013

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Transcript of Sikhism

Sikhism
By: Brian Batz
Write Spirit- Sikhism writespirit.net
Google.com. Web. 1--23-13

Sikhism- Crystallinks www.crystallinks.com Google.com. Web. 10-23 13
1. kesha- hair, which symbolizes identity
2. Kara- bracelet worn on right arm, which symbolizes strength
3. kangha- comb, which symbolizes neatness
4.kirpan- sword, which symbolizes self defense against injustice
5. kaccha- drawers
Events and festivals
Gurpurbs- celebrations or commemorations based on the lives of the Sikh gurus. They tend to be either birthdays or celebrations of Sikh martyrdom.
Vaisakhi day- which usually falls on 13 April. It is celebrated as the birthday of the community, since on this day in 1699 Guru Gobind Singh inaugurated the Khalsa.
Sikhs also celebrate the festival of lights, Divali, in october to mark the release of Guru Hargobind, who was imprisoned under the Mughal emperor Jahangir.
Daily Rituals
meditation, reciting five prayers, and reading the Guru Granth Sahib (holy book) during the morning hours and singing hymns during the evening and night.
congregational worship takes places in the gurdwara (open to everyone) every morning where they sing hymns, listen to a homily, pray, and eat sanctified food.This is a lot like any christian mass. At the end they have a free vegetarian meal called Langar
Holidays (cont.)
Hola Mahalla- the day after the Hindu
festival of Holi, where the Sikhs perform military exercises and organized athletic and literary contests
Diet
No tobacco, drugs or alchol
most eat vegetable and milk products
Meat
no killing meat slowly. must be killed with one blow
mostly goat and chicken meat
Sikh Rahit Maryada (Sikh Code of Conduct)

1. An action is right or an ideal is good if it contributes toward the love of god.
2. Live an ethical life.
3. Cultivation of virtues such as wisdom , contentment, justice, humility, truthfulness, charity, purity, and fear of god.
4. Social equality, gender equality and human brotherhood.
5. Service (seva)
6. Karma

Clothing
Women
Sikh women in India often wear salwars, pajama-like trousers, with a long tunic called a kameez over them.
To cover their heads, Sikh women wear a muslin scarf
Men
In villages Sikh men normally wear tight-legged pajama-like trousers with long shirts that hang on the outside.
they also wear colored turbans to match their clothing or colors with religious significance.
Cultural Impact
Literature
writing of the Guru's hymns in the Adi Granth using Gurmukhi script.
Sikh devotional literature writings reflect a spirit of optimism, resolute determination, faith, and love toward fellow human beings.

Drawings in the margins and opening folios of the Adi Granth
Sobha Singh drew themes of romantic lore from the Punjab, indian epics, and sikh traditions.
Kirpal Singh drew episodes of sikh history


only religion where the founder was a musician who preached through song and music
sacred music is at the heart of the devotional experience and found in Adi Granth
different than surrounding North India's music
What is Sikhism
A monotheistic religion founded by Guru Nanak in 1469.
It is the fifth largest religion in the world and the youngest of all religions (500 years old).
Guru Nanak's awakening: "There is no Hindu; there is no Muslim and so whose path shall I follow? I shall follow the path of God."
23-24 million Sikhs worldwide
The Sikh Individual
"Pictures, Photos of Patiala,India" www. shunya.net
www. Google.com.Web. 10-27-13
"Zankou Chicken" www.zankouchicken.com
www.google.com. Web. 10-27-13.
"Goat Meat" en.wikipedia.org
www. google.com. Web .10-27-13
"Salvar -kameez" sikhism.about.com
www.google.com. Web. 10-27-13
"Inspiration" ecosikh.org
www.google.com. Web. 10-27-13
"Hundreds take part in service at Bloomington's Sikh temple" www.kare11.com, www.google.com. Web. 10-27-13
The Sikh Community
"Sikhs" blogs.vancouversun.com
www.google.com. Web. 10-27-13
The Sikh Culture
Sikh Movement in India
millions of sikhs were forced to leave their ancestral homeland in the west punjab due to the tension causing the Sikh Diaspora
movement led by Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale to create an independent state of khalistan
Bhindranwale and his followers were killed in June 1984 in the Golden Temple during a clash with the Indian army. In retaliation, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated by her Sikh bodyguard in October 1984 followed by many Anti-Sikh riots by Hindu's.
Controversial Issues
The kirpan (sword)
India's constitution protects a Sikhs right to wear the sword but not in Canada and America
Misunderstanding
Sikhs are misunderstood for middle easterners and have been killed from anger over the 9/11 attacks
people become suspicious of Sikhs because of their sword and turbans even though Sikhs wear turbans differently and the sword is a symbol.
"Significance of Divali for Sikhs" www.takeela.com
www.google.com. Web. 10-27-13
"Guru Gobind Singh Gurpurb in picture" www.sikh.net, www.google.com. Web. 10-27-13
Sikhism in the World
"kirpan.jpg" commons.wikimedia.org
www.google.com. Web. 10-27-13
Sikhism basic beliefs
a Sikh's goal in life is to achieve salvation with God.
Sikh teaching emphasizes the principle of equality of all humans and rejects discrimination on the basis of caste, creed, and gender.
God willed the entire Cosmos to be created.
"india maps" www.prokerala.com
www.google.com. Web. 10-27-13
"Sikhism by country" en.wikipedia.org
www.google.com. Web. 10-28-13
5 signs of the Khalsa
Music
Art
Community Worship
Works Cited
Arnett, Robert. India Unveiled. Columbus, Ga: Atman, 1996. Print.
"Sikh Controversies: Conflict with India." Sikh Controversies: Conflict with India. About.com, n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2013. <http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/sikh/blfaq_sikh_debate_hind.htm>.
"Sikhism." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 28 Oct. 2013. Web. 28 Oct. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sikhism>.
Singh, Nikky-Guninder Kaur. "Sikhism." Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender. Vol. 4. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007. 1392-393. Gale Power Search. Web. 26 Oct. 2013.
Singh, Pashura. "Sikhism." Worldmark Encyclopedia of Religious Practices. Vol. 1. Detroit: Gale, 2006. 497-519. Religions and Denominations. Gale Power Search. Web. 28 Oct. 1997.

Arnett, Robert. India Unveiled. Columbus, Ga: Atman, 1996. Print.
"Sikh Controversies: Conflict with India." Sikh Controversies: Conflict with India. About.com, n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2013. <http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/sikh/blfaq_sikh_debate_hind.htm>.
"Sikhism." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 28 Oct. 2013. Web. 28 Oct. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sikhism>.
Singh, Nikky-Guninder Kaur. "Sikhism." Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender. Vol. 4. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007. 1392-393. Gale Power Search. Web. 26 Oct. 2013.
Singh, Pashura. "Sikhism." Worldmark Encyclopedia of Religious Practices. Vol. 1. Detroit: Gale, 2006. 497-519. Religions and Denominations. Gale Power Search. Web. 28 Oct. 1997.
Works Cited
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