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History Day-Locating and Citing Sources

7th Gr. History Day Research Info.
by

Stacy Hennesy

on 20 October 2013

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Transcript of History Day-Locating and Citing Sources

History Day Research
Locating and Citing Sources
2013 Theme
“To understand the
connections between your topic and the time period
, begin reading about the time period and as you read ask yourself questions:

*Why did my topic happen at this particular time and in this particular place?

*What were the events or the influences that came before my topic?

*How was my topic influenced by and how did it influence the economic, social, political, and cultural climate of the time period? 

All of these questions
will help you to build the story of your topic and grasp the historical significance
.”
"Turning Points in History:
People, Ideas, Events"

*the creator of the source was an actual participant in or a contemporary of a historical moment

*captures the words, the thoughts, and the intentions of the past

*helps you to interpret what happened and why it happened

*Examples: documents, artifacts, historic sites, songs, or other written and tangible items created during the historical period you are studying
Secondary Sources
*was not created first-hand by someone who participated in the historical era

*usually created by historians, but based on the historian's reading of primary sources

*usually written decades, if not centuries, after the event occurred by people who did not live through or participate in the event or issue

*helps to build the story of your research from multiple perspectives and to give your research historical context

*a great starting point in helping you see the big picture/understanding the context of your topic will help you make sense of the primary sources that you find.
Citing Sources
Bibliography
Annotated Bibliography
*annotations for each source must explain how the source was used and how it helped you understand your topic

*also use the annotation to explain why you categorized a particular source as primary or secondary

*list only those sources that you used to develop your entry

*annotations normally should be only 1-3 sentences long
Sample Annotated Bibliography
Primary Sources
Tertiary Sources
*based on a collection of primary and secondary sources

*may or may not be written by an expert

*should never appear in your bibliography but are only used as exploratory sources, to give you ideas about what to research

*Examples: dictionaries, encyclopedias, fact books, and guidebooks.

*Wikipedia is not a reliable source and should not be used or appear in your bibliography.
Remember This...
You need to find
both primary and secondary sources
.

Primary Sources
help you develop your own interpretation and make your project lively and personal.

Secondary Sources
help you to put your topic in context, that is, to see how your topic relates to the big picture and to understand its long-term causes and consequences.

As much as possible,
your research should be balanced
, considering the viewpoints of all relevant group--losers as well as winners, males and females, different nations, different socioeconomic/ethnic/religious groups, etc.
What
"
balanced" means will vary depending on your topic
.
Locating Information
"The more good sources you have, the better, but don't pad your bibliography. Only list items which you actually use; if you looked at a source but it didn't help you at all, don't list it in your bibliography."
First Place, Junior Individual Exhibit
Student: Grace Gardner
Title: The Meiji Restoration: A Political Revolution
http://nhd.org/ConductingResearch.htm
http://www.nhd.org/images/uploads/2012NHDGraceGardnerJuniorExhibit1stPlaceProcessPaper.pdf
Extra Info.
http://nhd.org/researchcentral.htm
National History Day
and Archives Toolkit
http://nhdarchives.pbworks.com/w/page/37998641/Using%20Primary%20Sources
http://nhdarchives.pbworks.com/w/page/37998731/Online%20Primary%20Sources
http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/
America's Historic Newspapers:
1836-1922
Full transcript