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history of painting HUmanities
Transcript of history of painting HUmanities
A report in Humanities by group 1
Pre-historic Painting (32,000 B.C. - 4000 B.C.)
(Bison, in the great hall of policromes,
Cave of Altamira, Spain)
- ascribe a religious or ceremonial purpose
- a way of communicating with others
- usually wild animals, such as bison, horses, aurochs, and deer, and tracings of human hands as well as abstract patterns, called finger flutings
(Eland, rock painting, Drakensberg, South Africa)
(Petroglyphs, from Sweden, Nordic Bronze Age)
Ancient Egypt (3,500 B.C. - 500 B.C.)
- uses minerals for pigments coated with varnish or resin on walls, small statues and papyrus
- usually tells a story about events or portraits of Pharoahs
Ancient Greece (1200 B.C. - 300 B.C.)
Ancient Greece has several interconnected traditions of painting. Due to their technical differences, they underwent somewhat differentiated developments which are panel painting, wall painting, polychromy, architecture, sculpture and vase painting.
- The most respected form of art, according to authors like Pliny or Pausanias, were individual, mobile paintings on wooden boards, technically described as panel paintings.
(Pitsa panels, one of the few surviving panel paintings from Archaic Greece, ca. 540–530 BC)
Wall paintings are frequently described in Pausanias, and many appear to have been produced in the Classical and Hellenistic periods. Due to the lack of architecture surviving intact, not many are preserved.
- Painting on statuary and architecture. Much of the figural or architectural sculpture of ancient Greece was painted colourfully.
Ancient Rome (500 B.C. - 200 A.D.)
The history of Roman painting is essentially a history of wall paintings on plaster although ancient literary references inform us of Roman paintings on wood, ivory, and other materials.
“Masonry Style” or “Incrustation Style”
- the walls are painted to seem as though they are covered with colorful stones, especially marble slabs and masonry blocks. Such stones were typically seen in more upper class homes.
“Illusionistic Style” or “Architectural Style”
Replaces the reproduction of stone blocks with landscape scenes. Wall paintings creates the illusion of a three dimensional space from what is actually a two dimensional space.
“Ornate Style” or “Ornamental Style”
limits pictorial illusion in order to create framed images where the framing is actually painted on. The overall appearance is flat in contrast to the three dimensional space created in the second style.
Middle Ages (500 A.D. - late 1400)
- present mostly in cathedrals and churches
- used to educate people about God and the Bible
- majority were fresco paintings, mosaics and stained glass
(The Last Judgment, Voronet Monastery, Romania)
(Adoration of the Magi by Giotto Scrovegni)
Ascension by Andrei Rublrev
Renaissance (late 1400 - 1700)
- the golden age of painting
- birth of great artisans
- birth of different styles in painting
Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci was one of the greatest men who walked the earth.
He was a Renaissance Man, a polymath, his expertise spanned a significant number of different subjects and areas.
Use of Perspective
The Last Supper
Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect and a poet.
Along with Leonardo da Vinci, he is also considered a Renaissance Man.
The Creation of Man
The Sistine Chapel
Form and Styles
a period of artistic style that used exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce drama, tension, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture, painting, architecture, literature, dance and music.
(Aeneas flees burning Troy, Federico Barocci, 1598)
(Still-life, Josefa de Óbidos)
Rococo less commonly roccoco, also referred to as "Late Baroque", is an 18th-century artistic movement and style, which affected several aspects of the arts including painting, sculpture, architecture, interior design, decoration, literature, music and theatre. The Rococo developed in the early part of the 18th century in Paris, France as a reaction against the grandeur, symmetry and strict regulations of the Baroque
(Le Déjeuner, François Boucher)
(Pilgrimage on the Isle of Cythera,1717)
18th and 19th Centuries
Romanticism is defined as an aesthetic in literary criticism around the 1800s. During the early 19th century it gained momentum as an artistic movement in France and Britain and flourished until mid-century. Romanticism emphasizes on imagination and emotion. It emerged as a response to the disillusionment with the Enlightenment values of reason and order.
(“The Entombment of Atala” by Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson)
(“The Apotheosis of Homer” by Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres)
(“Bonaparte on the Bridge at Arcole” By Antoine-Jean Gros)
. Impressionist painting characteristics include relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles.
Post-Impressionists extended Impressionism while rejecting its limitations: they continued using vivid colours, thick application of paint, distinctive brush strokes, and real-life subject matter, but they were more inclined to emphasize geometric forms, to distort form for expressive effect, and to use unnatural or arbitrary colour.
Symbolism represents a synthesis of form and feeling, of reality and the artist’s inner subjectivity. It is a simplified and non-naturalistic style of art
(The Cliff at Étretat after the Storm, 1885Claude Monet)
(Reading, Berthe Morisot)
The Centenary of Independence, Henri Julien Félix Rousseau
(Haying at Eragny, Camille Pissarro,1889)
(“The poor fisherman” by Puvis de Chavannes)
“Angel Executions” by Odilon Redon
(Starry Night , Van Gogh)
20th-century Modern and Contemporary
Expressionism was a modernist movement, initially in poetry and painting, originating in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century. Its typical trait is to present the world solely from a subjective perspective, distorting it radically for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas. Expressionist artists sought to express meaning or emotional experience rather than physical reality.
(The Scream by Edvard Munch, 1893)
A cultural movement that originated from Dadaism and begun in the early 1920s. It sought out to establish a connection between the conflicting themes of dreams/fantasy and reality.
(The Persistence of Memory By Salvador Dalí)
An avant-garde (experimental) art movement that begun in early 20th century Europe, it was supposedly born from the negative emotions/reactions to the horrors of WW1 and held many anti-war sentiments/themes.
(Cut with the Dada Kitchen Knife through the Last Weimar Beer-Belly Cultural Epoch in Germany by Hannah Höch)
In Cubist artwork, objects are analyzed, broken up and reassembled in an abstracted form—instead of depicting objects from one viewpoint, the artist depicts the subject from a multitude of viewpoints to represent the subject in a greater context.
Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, Pablo Picasso, 1907,
Minimalism or Minimal Art is a form of abstraction. It focuses on the most essential and elemental aspects of an object.
For Pearl, Brice Marden
Early Pieces of Arts
Famous Filipino Painters
(October 23, 1857 – December 7, 1899) was a Filipino painter, sculptor and a political activist of the Philippine Revolution during the late 19th century. He became one of the first recognized Philippine artists.
The Blood Compact
The Death of Cleopatra
Félix Resurrección Hidalgo
Félix Resurrección Hidalgo y Padilla (February 21, 1855 - March 13, 1913) was a Filipino artist. He is acknowledged as one of the great Filipino painters of the late 19th century, and is significant in Philippine history for having been an acquaintance and inspiration for members of the Philippine reform movement which included José Rizal, Marcelo del Pilar, Mariano Ponce and Graciano López Jaena
La Barca de Aqueronte
Las virgenes Cristianas expuestas al populacho
Fernando Cueto Amorsolo (May 30, 1892 – April 24, 1972) is one of the most important artists in the history of painting in the Philippines. Amorsolo was a portraitist and painter of rural Philippine landscapes. He is popularly known for his craftsmanship and mastery in the use of light. Born in Paco, Manila, he earned a degree from the Liceo de Manila Art School in 1909.
Defence of a Filipina Woman's Honour
No artist is ahead of his time. He is the time. It is just that others are behind the time. - Martha Graham