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Da Vinci Surgery

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by

Vanessa Hernandez

on 11 September 2013

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Transcript of Da Vinci Surgery

Da Vinci
Medical Robot

By: Victoria Cruz, Vanessa Hernandez, and Daniella Padron
1. What task does the robot perform? What human task or function does this robot simulate?
The robot performs surgeries, it allows the surgeon to operate with enhanced vision, precision, dexterity, and control.
2. Where is the robot used? What is its work envelope? (How many degrees of freedom and flexible joints does it have?)
The robot is used in surgical procedures. The Da Vinci system features a magnified 3D high-definition vision system and special wristed instruments that bend and rotate far greater than the human wrist.
3. Is the robot end effector multi-functional? If so, what other tasks can it perform?
Yes, the Da Vinci is multi-functional because it performs multiple tasks at once. It can focus on different things at the same time.
4. How is the robot taught to perform it's task?
Surgeons make a few small incisions and insert a tiny camera and long-handled instruments to reach inside your abdomen. The camera transmits images onto a video monitor in a operating room to guide surgeons as they operate.
5. What sensors does the robot have and how does the robot use these sensors?
In the Da Vinci robot, the instrument jaws are powered by a wire-pulley mechanism. In order to do the Da Vinci system they must transfer the power through the frame that is supported by force sensors.
Resources:
http://davincisurgery.com/da-vinci-surgery/
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18382995
6. Name some advantages or disadvantages of using a robot to complete this task.
Some advantages are that the Da Vinci robot uses the latest surgical and robotic technologies and is beneficial for performing complex surgery. The surgeon is in 100% control of the Da Vinci system, which translates their hand movements into smaller, more precise movements of tiny instruments inside your body. Some disadvantages are serious complications may occur in any surgery up to or including death.
7. Describe the impact the impact that this robot has had or could have on an intended audience.
The positive impact that this robot has on its intended audience is that their surgery would be guaranteed to be safer by using the Da Vinci robot. It's specialty is to guide the doctor into making more precise movements.
8. What type of jobs/careers can this robot create to provide employment for people?
This robot can make jobs/careers for people who work in factories that need to create the robot or for engineers that would like to innovate the robot.
9. Predict and explain how this robot may be altered to perform more or different tasks in the future.
The Da Vinci system in the future can be altered to perform quicker. Instead of a surgery taking a few hours maybe it could be a few minutes.
10. Include sketches, pictures, and/or video of the robot performing it's task.
Full transcript