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Spray Paint Stencils

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Ellen Mueller2

on 13 April 2014

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Transcript of Spray Paint Stencils

Spray Paint
Stencils
Broken Crow

Broken Crow

Broken Crow

Tristan Eaton

Tristan Eaton

Tristan Eaton

Tristan Eaton

Parskid

Parskid

Broken Crow

Parskid

David Ratcliff
Art Basel 2010

STENCILS

National Geographic:
Hand Stencils Through Time
Clusters of hand stencils
dating back 2,500 years
cover the walls of
Argentina
's Cueva de las Manos (Cave of the Hands) in Patagonia.
In parts of
Papua New Guinea
, artists today continue to maintain age-old traditions.
Indonesia
's Gua Ham cave, part of a Borneo mountainside complex, contains these and other hand stencils dating back some
10,000 years
.

Red pigment was blown over hands to make the stencils. Left-hand stencils are more common than right-hand ones.

"Experiments have shown that
right-handed people tend to make stencils of their left hands
, because they use their right hands to hold the pigment tube or to help purse their lips to spray on the pigment," archaeologist Dean Snow explained.
Ancient
Maya
artists left their mark in the Handprint Cave of Belize.
Clusters of handprints some
6,000 years old
adorn the walls of Elands Bay Cave in
South Africa
.

"Hands are one of the things that define us as humans," archaeologist Dean Snow said. "We use them for all kinds of things, and they are symbolically important, not just utilitarian. Little wonder that we leave prints and stencils of them here and there.
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2009/06/photogalleries/cave-art-handprints-missions-pictures/
How it works
Parts of a Stencil
Pochoir
is the French word for stencil.
In the 1920’s and 30’s Art Deco era, the color application process of the stencil was rejuvenated by the French, bringing color illustration processes for books and prints to new glorious heights.


This interest in exploring the stencil process came in reaction to the proliferation of machine printing and the poor quality of color reproductions in publishing. With pochoir printing, the hand application of layers of pigment created dazzling effects that the camera or printing press could never replicate.
The Art of the Pochoir Book
Image from Papillons by Eugene A. Seguy. Paris: Tolmer, [1925?].
"Stencil for a five-figure Buddha group, painting on paper"
From Cave 17, Mogao, near Dunhuang, Gansu province,
China
Five Dynasties or early Northern Song,
mid-10th century AD
, used for the production of wall paintings


This stencil (or
pounce
) is one of very few to survive, and is the largest and most impressive of those found at Mogao. To transfer the design to the wall, the stencil was laid out flat and
a reddish powder was puffed or patted through the holes
, leaving a dotted outline when the stencil was removed. This stencil has clearly been used, as it bears traces of powder.
1760 Hand Stencil Painted Playing Cards, France
Kukryniksy Collective
"Russian Sword"
May 1944
49 1/2 x 47 inches
stencil and gouache on paper

uses stencils for TASS Windows Project, USSR
Marcel DUCHAMP - Mustache and Beard of L.H.O.O.Q. 1941

Arguably the cornerstone of Dadaism in which Duchamp's original
metal stencil was applied in graphite on wove paper by pochoir.
Frontispiece for a poem by Georges Hugnet entitled Marcel Duchamp, 1939 from the unnumbered edition of 226. Published by Hugnet, Paris. Clandestinely made at the beginning of the German occupation & only distributed among close friends of the poet, the mustache and beard are presented by themselves, after Duchamp's appropriation of Leonardo's Mona Lisa.
The entire composition is pasted to a larger sheet of paper decorated with a
pounced vegetal motif in green
and backed by cardboard. The fragment is neither dated nor signed. However, it may have been produced in
Iran
during the
16th or 17th century
.
pouncing
From http://cdn.instructables.com/FEC/6W3P/F11S8SOJ/FEC6W3PF11S8SOJ.MEDIUM.jpg
From http://cameronreilly.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/hand-stencil.jpeg
In 1899, a pair of inventors named Helbling & Pertsch developed a method of pressurized aerosol delivery using gases as propellants.
NOTE: this is not what
the method would have
looked like in 1899
Ed Seymour, the proprietor of a Sycamore, Ill., paint company, was in search of an easy way to demonstrate his aluminum coating for painting radiators. His wife suggested a makeshift spray gun, like those used for deodorizers. And so, in
1949
, Seymour mixed paint and aerosol in a can with a spray head.
From http://swindlemagazine.com/images/spraybond1.jpg
Protest placards, ca.
1969
Source: Tufts Digital Archive
From http://hammer.ucla.edu/image/4551/590/0.JPG
Charles "CHAZ" Bojorquez paints a stencil of a zoot suited skull character in LA, incorporating the art form into the Cholo graffiti style
(mid-1970's)
1980's - NYC stencil graffiti boom includes Eric Drooker (pictured here) and
Michael Roman,
and many more
From http://www.michael-roman.com/art.html
Many of those artists are still active today, such as Anton Van Dalen, pictured here in 2003.
Stenciling happens
all around the world

From http://www.stencilrevolution.com/photopost/2012/09/rat-stencils-by-Blek.jpg
France: BLEK the rat
Shepard Fairey's OBEY Giant stenciled in Athens, Greece
found at http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/a/a3/ObeyGiantAthens.jpg
Banksy, based out of Bristol, UK
from http://www.streetartutopia.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/4602805654_db8b6569fb_b.jpeg
Janet Attard, Toronto Canada
from http://farm6.staticflickr.com/5007/5244729934_9daf750972_o.jpg
M-City, Poland
from https://blog.vandalog.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/M-City-323.jpg
from http://www.duncancumming.co.uk/photos/duchamp.jpg
Duncan Cumming
Glasgow Scotland
More examples:
Broken Crow
David Ratcliff
Parskid
Tristan Eaton
Unknown, Miami December 2010
Full transcript