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Georgia Native American Sites
Transcript of Georgia Native American Sites
By: Austin Griffin Etowah Indian Mounds The Etowah Mound Civilization thrived during the Mississippian Time Period.
The Etowah and Cherokee tribes lived here. Artifacts: Shell Beads, copper ear ornaments, hand carved effigies, wooden and stone masks. Located in Cartersville, GA, in Batow County, in the Piedmont Region ; about four miles west of Interstate 75.
Thousands of American Indians once lived here from 1,000 A.D. to 1550 A.D.
This reserve houses six earthen Indian Mounds, a plaza and village, borrow pits, and a defensive ditch.
The largest mound is thought to once support the chief's home. Visitors can walk along the Etowah River on a nature trail and view a v-shaped fish trap.
A basket or net was placed at the point of the "v" as the fish swam down the river, so the fish could not escape.
There is one of these "v" formations in my backyard on the Etowah River. Kolomoki Mounds State Park The Kolomoki Mound Civilization was formed during the Woodland time period.
The Kolomoki tribe lived here. Artifacts: Masks, pottery, arrow points, jewelry, and items that the Indians believed would be needed after death. Located in Blakely, GA, in Early County, in the Coastal Plain Region; about 2.5 miles off of U.S. 27.
This park is the oldest and largest Woodland Indian Site in the Southeastern U.S., inhabited by Indians from 350 to 750 A.D.
Seven mounds are located here, one temple mound, which is the oldest in GA, two burial mounds, and four ceremonial mounds.
A museum is built around the large temple mound to provide a maximum learning experience. The Fernbank Museum houses artifacts from the Paleo, Archaic, Woodland, and Mississippian time periods.
Some of the tribes that the artifacts come from are Creek, Cherokee, and Etowah.
Artifacts on display: bows, arrows, arrow points, the unique "clovis" point, stone masks, wooden masks, and fur masks, early to late forms of pottery, plowing tools, and many more.
The fernbank museum is located near Atlanta, GA, in Dekalb County, in the Piedmont Region; about 2 miles north of Interstate 20.
In the exhibit, "First Georgians", Fernbank focuses on the chiefdoms of the later prehistoric periods: Woodland and Mississippian, however, all time periods are shown. Fernbank Museum The house was built during the post- Mississippian time Period.
The man who built the house, James Vann, was a Indian leader who also made the plantation around it.
He established the most fruitful and most large plantation in all of the Cherokee Nation.
Musuem inside the house displays common Indian artifacts such as arrow points, masks, etc.
Handmade Cherokee furniture is also on display inside.
Located near Chatsworth, GA in Murray County, in the Ridge & Valley Region; about one tenth of a mile east of Highway 225.
Vann became the wealthiest man in the Cherokee Nation because of his mansion and plantation. Chief Vann House The time period and tribe is unknown.
Surprisingly few artifacts besides the effigy itself.
Located near Eatonton, GA, in Putnam Conty, in the Piedmont Region; about one mile form Highway 24.
Rocks are piled 10 feet high make the shape of a soaring bird.
From the head to the tail measures 102 feet.
The wingspan of the effigy is 120 feet.
This site most likely served as a ceremonial place for the surrounding Indians. Rock Eagle Effigy Built during the Post- Mississippian time period.
Cherokee Tribe lived around this home.
Artifacts: arrow points, sawing tools, farming tools, pottery, and musical instruments.
Located in Rossville, GA, in Walker County, in the Appalachian Plateau Region; about .25 miles south of Highway 1.
Was the log cabin of John Ross, who was once the Principal Chief of Cherokees. John Ross Home Active during the Woodland Time Period.
The Cohutta Tribe lived here.
Artifacts: 855 foot long stone wall, and common Indian Artifacts i.e. arrowpoints, masks, etc.
Located near Chatsworth, GA, in Murray County, in the Ridge and Valley Region; about 4.25 miles southeast of highway 411.
The wall is thought to have been built to protect from invading Indians, or for ceremonial purposes. Fort Mountain State Park This site was active from Paleo to Mississippian time periods. Many different cultures occupied this land through the land.
One of the tribes that occupied the area was the Creek Indians.
Artifacts: Clovis points, an early bell, clubs, swords (probably Spanish), masks, and much war attire.
This is probably because the area was fought over so many times.
Located in Macon, GA, in Bibb County, in the Piedmont Region; about one tenth of a mile from interstate 16.
Two large mounds and a newly-restored ceremonial earth lodge are based here. Ocmulgee National Monument