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Transcript of Colonial Argentina
The name Argentina was derived from a latinized rendering over the Spanish word for "silver" which was very deceiving as they actually "cultivated sweet potatoes, maize,manioc, and beans"
Rock, David. "The Spanish Settlements, 1516-1580." In Argentina, 1516-1987: from Spanish colonization to Alfonsín. Rev. and expanded ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987. 1-28.
“typically Spanish colonial economy. At its base was Indian forced labor, and the creation of each city was closely followed by an assertion of control over surrounding Indian community. Indians were seen as both a sources of labor and a tradable commodity to be exchanged and hired among the white settlers”
Cotton was cultivated in all Spanish regions in the NW
Francisco de Cespedes tried to monopolize the local slave trade
This was due to Spanish influence.
The Catholic Church was dominant in Argentina at this time.
The social structure was black and white at first. For example, on page 24 of The Argentina Reader, Montaldo's caption for an illustration that depicts the Spaniards ripping apart natives piece-by-piece and hanging them states "Hunger in Buenos Aires: Spanish soldiers practicing cannibalism (Ulderico Schmidt, 1554)."