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Why Believe the Bible?
Transcript of Why Believe the Bible?
The Catholic Church isn't Biblical Response to Objection 1:
The Catholic Church wrote the Bible Well, ok... The Holy Spirit inspired human authors. So the Bible is God's Word, but let's take a look at how the Catholic Church selected and safeguarded the canon. The Structure of this lecture:
I. The Early Church and Oral Tradition
II. The Writing Down of Oral Tradition
III. The Collecting of the Texts
IV. The Criteria for Selecting Authentic Texts
V. The Councils Re-Affirm
VI. Language and Translation
VII. The Bible Compared to Other Historical Texts The teaching did not stand on the apostles authority The Apostles were instructed by Jesus' Mandate to Baptize all nations The Early Church and Oral Tradition The Apostles led by the Holy Spirit This oral teaching is called TRADITION The Apostles interpreted and verified the authenticity of the message that had been given them by Christ They were the first MAGISTERIUM: the teaching authority of the Church So, now it is time to write this down... 1. The beginning of the writing was in about 50 AD
2. This was 17 years after Jesus' Resurrection
3. The Apostles, followers, and communities began to write down the story of Jesus and His teachings
4. The Apostles also wrote letters encouraging, instructing, and at times admonishing various Christian communities and individuals 5. With the death of the last Apostle, St. John, in about AD 100, the Revelation of Jesus Christ ended 6. As the years went on, more books and stories about Christ and the Apostles were produced and began to circulate.
a. all claimed to be authentic
b. some claimed to contain accounts of post-resurrection Jesus Collecting the Texts:
1. Over the next 200 years, Church communities took great pains to safeguard, copy, collect and exchange these early writings.
2. Some books were widely accepted, others were regarded as authentic by only a few communities. The Problems Faced by the Early Church 1. How do we determine which Gospels, letters, and claimed revelations were inspired by the Holy Spirit? 2. Which pre-Christian OT Scriptures should be contained? What they selected:
OT: the early christian communities outside of Jerusalem whose members spoke mainly Greek, had at their disposal the Septuagint (Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures) which had been used for many years and was quoted by the Apostles and other NT writers In addition to the 39 books found in the Hebrew Scripture, the Septuagint contained 7 deuterocanonical books.
The Church accepted all 46 books but during the reformation, 1500 years later, the protestants took them out and called them the "apocrypha" The book should be Apostolic:
Written by an apostle or an associate of the apostles The book should be Orthodox:
Faithfully teaching the truth that had been handed down by the Apostles The book should be inspired by the Holy Spirit through human authors
The book should be liturgical:
It had been broadly accepted and commonly used in the celebration of the Mass To select the New Testament, the Church used 4 Criteria: The Church was guided by the Holy Spirit. The same gift of infallibility that safeguarded the writing of Sacred Scripture, also led the Church to recognize the truth contained in Sacred Scripture For V-VI, I will use lecture notes... 7 49 643 193 24,000 !! Plato Aristotle Sophecies Iliad Manuscript Question #1 How many manuscripts have been found? Aristotle Plato Homer New Testament # of Years 1450 yrs 1250 yrs 500 yrs ONLY 15 years! Manuscript Question #2:
How early are the manuscripts? The bottom line:
The Bible is Catholic!
The Church is:
1. the writer
2. the interpreter
3. the translator
4. the copier
5. the mass distributor
6. THE GUARDIAN OF THE SACRED TRUTHS LEFT BY JESUS CHIRST -- SO THAT ALL MEN MAY COME TO KNOW HIM WITH CERTAINTY AND EASE He has done all of this for you,
so that you may know, love and serve Him.
Yet, we cannot love what we do not know...
Read His Word
Speak with Him
Love Him Scripture comes from the heart of Christ's Bride, the Church