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Edgar Allan Poe

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by

Lisa Criscione

on 11 November 2013

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Transcript of Edgar Allan Poe

Edgar Allan Poe
Lisa Criscione
Introducing Literary Terms
SYMBOL
Words that have meanings different from their literal sense
MOTIF
An object or idea that repeats itself throughout a literary work
Genres
THEME
A main idea or underlying meaning that is stated directly or indirectly in a literary work
RHYTHM
The varying speed, loudness, pitch, and intensity of speech
RHYME
The repetition of similar sounds
The Pit and the Pendulum
Alliteration
The repetition of consonant sounds
Classicism
A style of art and literature inspired by ancient Rome and Greece
American Romanticism
A style of art and literature that focused on nature and personal feelings
Gothic
A style of writing that normally has a dark setting and supernatural elements in an attempt to horrify the reader
To Helen
Helen
, thy beauty is to me
Like those
Nicean barks of yore
That gently, o'er a perfumed sea,
The weary, way-worn wanderer bore
To his own native shore.

On desperate seas long wont to roam,
Thy hyacinth hair, thy classic face,
Thy
Naiad airs
have brought me home
To the glory that was Greece,
And the grandeur that was Rome.

Lo, in yon brilliant window-niche
How statue-like I see thee stand,
The agate lamp within thy hand,
Ah!
Psyche
, from the regions which
Are Holy Land!
Nicean Barks of Yore
Refers to the beautiful moment when the victorious Greek ships sailed home after the Trojan War.
Nicea emphasizes the majesty of victory named for Nike, the Greek goddess of victory.
Naiad Airs
A beautiful water nymph in Greek mythology
Helen
Referring to Helen of Troy who supposedly started the Trogan War.
Psyche
The goddess of the soul who married Cupid, the god of love.
Annabel Lee
It was many and many a year ago,
In a
kingdom by the sea,
That a maiden there lived whom you may know
By the name of Annabel Lee;
And this maiden
she lived with no other thought
Than to love and be loved by me.

I was a child and she was a child,

In this
kingdom by the sea,

But
we loved with a love that was more than love

I and my Annabel Lee—
With a love that the
winged seraphs of Heaven
Coveted her and me.

And this was the reason that, long ago,
In this
kingdom by the sea,

A
wind blew out of a cloud
, chilling
My beautiful Annabel Lee;
So that her highborn kinsmen came
And bore her away from me,
To shut her up in a sepulcher
In this kingdom by the sea.
The
angels, not half so happy in Heaven
,
Went envying her and me—
Yes!—that was the reason (as all men know,
In this
kingdom by the sea
)
That the wind came out of the cloud by night,
Chilling and killing my Annabel Lee.

But our love it was stronger by far than the love
Of those who were older than we—
Of many far wiser than we—
And
neither the angels in Heaven above
Nor the demons down under the sea
Can ever dissever my soul from the soul
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;


For the moon never beams, without bringing me dreams
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;
And the stars never rise, but I feel the bright eyes
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;
And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the side
Of my darling—my darling—my life and my bride,
In her sepulchre there
by the sea

In her tomb
by the sounding sea
.
Told like a mysterious fairy tale
Focuses on mutual, everlasting love
Society has no effect on them because they are children
Uninfluenced by nature because their soul thought is to love each other
Nothing is perfect
DARK ROMANTICISM
Fall of the House of Usher
Setting: dark, old mansion
Supernatural
bond between twins
unexplainable disease
Horror, despair, the grotesque
Fear, madness, isolation
Candles = Angels
King of Terrors = Satin
Falling stone = Decent into Hell
Rats = Satin's minions/Decay
Pendulum = Time
The Pit = Death
General Lasalle = Savior
Masque of the Red Death
THEME:
Death is inevitable because time never stops.
MOTIF:
Colors (mysterious man dressed in colors of red death, rooms, outfits)
Clock Chimes (everyone stops having fun)
The Bells
HEAR the sledges with the
bells
,
Silver
bells
!
What a world of merriment their melody
foretells
!
How they tinkle, tinkle,
tinkle
,
In the icy air of
night
!
While the stars, that
oversprinkle

All the heavens, seem to
twinkle

With a crystalline
delight
;
Keeping time, time,
time
,
In a sort of Runic
rhyme
,
To the tintinnabulation that so musically
wells

From the bells, bells, bells,
bells
,
Bells, bells,
bells

From the jingling and the tinkling of the
bells
.
RHYTHM:
trochaic: stressed-unstressed two-syllable pattern
musical
RHYME:
irregular, but deliberate
1st stanza: aaabcbbcddaaaa
HEAR the sledges with the bells,
Silver bells!
What
a
world
of
merriment
their
melody
foretells!
How they
tinkle, tinkle, tinkle,

In the icy air of night!
While the stars, that oversprinkle
All the heavens, seem to twinkle
With a crystalline delight;
Keeping
time, time, time,
In a sort of
Runic rhyme
,
To
the
tintinnabulation
that so musically wells
From the
bells, bells, bells, bells,
Bells, bells, bells—

From the jingling and the tinkling of the bells.
The Bells
Her name also means "butterfly."
"Stupidity is a talent for misconception."
"I wish I could write as mysterious as a cat."
"The death of a beautiful woman, is unquestionably the most poetical topic in the world."
Quotes & Influence
What type of genre is Annabel Lee?
A. Dark Romanticism
B. Gothic
C. Classicism
D. Happy
True or False?
Poe was "adopted."
True
What type of rhythm does The Bells have?
How much did Poe get paid for writing The Raven?
A. Dark Romanticism
A. Irregular
B. Trochaic
C. Regular
D. None
B. Trochaic
A. $1
B. $500
C. $50
D. $15
D. $15
Poe wanted to be able to write as mysteriously as a ________.
What are the Nicean Barks of Yore in To Helen?
A. Dog
B. Mouse
C. Cat
D. Fox
C. Cat
A. Greek ships
B. Roman dogs
C. Forest Nymphs
D. Nike
A. Greek ships returning home from the Trojan War
Full transcript