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Elements of Fiction
Transcript of Elements of Fiction
Point of View
2. Rising Action
4. Falling Action
Provides needed background information
Will sometimes introduce the conflict
Turning point of the action
High reader interest
or new conflict
The chain of related events that take place in a story
Events set in motion by a CONFLICT or struggle between or within characters
When the struggle takes place within the character
The struggle between opposing forces
The basis of plot, main idea
When a character is pitted against an outside force
an account of something that happened before
the tension or excitement felt by the reader
created by leaving the reader uncertain or apprehensive about what happens next
a writer's use of hints or clues to indicate events that will occur later
characters, real or imaginary, who take part in the action of a story
Undergoes a change
Protagonists are usually a dynamic character
Stays the same
Background characters or sidekicks
Antagonists tend to be static, they don't change- stay bad
The technique writers use to develop characters
1. Physical Description
2. Character's own speech, thoughts, feelings or actions
3. Speech, thoughts, actions of another character
4. Narrator's own direct comments
the time, place and environment of a story's action
may include historical/cultural contexts
may or may not play an important role
distinct variety of a language
differs from standard usage
"writing out an accent"
central idea or message in a work of literature
NOT the work's subject or topic
a perception about life or human nature
Universal, not story specific
DON'T start with DON'T
something used to represent something else
often connects to the theme
the vantage point from which the story is told
determines tone, etc.
narrator is outside the action, describes the events and characters
omniscient = "all knowing"
uses pronouns "he" "she" "they"
events are related through the eyes of ONLY ONE character...via the narrator
reader identifies with one character
author can still withhold info
narrator is a character in the story, narrating the action as he or she perceives it
may or may not be main C
speaks directly to reader
uses pronouns "I" "me" "my"
Man vs. Nature
Man vs. Man
Man vs. Society
The "bad guy"
Ususally is the source of the conflict or contributes to it
These are characters that do NOT affect the plot.
They may be mentioned by name, but their personalities are not fully developed.
Marlin is a round character. We understand the reasons behind his attitudes. We know his past, his tragedies, his feelings.
Consider a drawing: a three dimensional drawing gives more detail than a two dimensional drawing. This would be a round character.
If you draw a flat picture of a house, for example, you can only see one side of it. You cannot see three of the four sides. This is how a flat character is; you can only see a few characteristics of the character. There are many things you cannot "see", or many details you are not given by the author.
Bruce the shark is a flat character - he is not around very long, and we don't really understand why he does what he does. His motivations are very simple - when he gets hungry, he tries to eat.
The reader is able to see and visualize all sides of this character.
Usually protagonists and antagonists, but exceptions do occur.
Understand the motivation of these characters (why they do things) and their personal perspective.
What they look like
Uses pronouns: "you" "your"
Addresses the reader
Theme: Treat people the way you want to be treated.
Theme: Violence isn't always the answer.
TELLS the audience what the personality of the character is.
"The soft, black puppy is young and sweet."
SHOWS the audience the personality of the character.
Author is explicit- directly tells you
Uses dialogue, how the character speaks, actions, behavior, effect on others, thoughts and feelings.
"The eager puppy licked his owners face in happiness."
Environment: darkness, weather, noise level, habitat, animals or objects
Time: part of the day, season, era of history, future
Place: city, country, town, building, planet