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for and against Capital Punishment

Taylor Douglas

on 6 March 2013

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Transcript of FIGHT!

The Death Penalty Amanda Pickel & Taylor Douglas History Against the Death Penalty For the Death Penalty Lethal Injection Taxpayers pay more money Wrongly accused For the Death Penalty If murderers and serial killers are sentenced to death and executed, potential murderers will think twice before killing others. The most commonly used form of capital punishment these days is through lethal injection. This method has replaced hanging, electrocution, and many other vicious techniques that have been used in years past. When inmates choose lethal injection for death, they are given the right to write a will and say goodbye to their families; something that is not an option when being killed instantly. Overall, lethal injection is not cruel or painful for the inmate. It is 2 to 5 times more expensive to institute the death penalty than life in prison without parole. Studies have consistently failed to demonstrate that executions deter people from committing crime anymore than long prison sentences. Recently, Illinois abolished the death penalty and cleared death row. In that state, twenty people have been freed from death row after evidence surfaced to show they were innocent or had been convicted improperly. Britain influenced America's use of the death penalty when the European settlers came to the United States. They brought the practice of capital punishment which included the death penalty. The first recorded execution in the United States was in 1608 when George Kendall was caught as a spy for Spain. In 1612, Virginia Governor, Thomas Dale enacted the Divine, Moral, and Martial Laws, which provided the death penalty for even minor offenses such as stealing grapes, killing chickens, and trading with Indians. The number one fear of a person is losing their own life. "An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" States with high murder rates would be even higher if those states did not have the death penalty. Why should a person be given the right to live a long life when they took an innocent person's life. Think about what their family and friends are going to go through. They have to live knowing that their loved one suffered a murder, while the criminal sits in jail alive. For the Death Penalty Cont. The death penalty gives closure to the victim's families who have suffered so much. Prisoner parole or escapes can give criminals another chance to kill. For the Death Penalty Cont. It contributes to the problem of overpopulation in the prison system. Bibliography "Should the Death Penalty Be Banned as a Form of Punishment?" BalancedPolitics.org. Joe Messerli, n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013. DNA testing is over 99 percent effective, and even if DNA testing and other such scientific methods didn't exist, the trial and appeals process is so thorough it's next to impossible to convict an innocent person. Robinson, Bruce A. "Basic Reasons That People Give to Support or Oppose the Death Penalty." Capital Punishment. Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance, 27 Apr. 2012. Web. 03 Mar. 2013. The Bible supports the death penalty. Example "Murderer Freed from Prison Early to Kill a Second Time Is Told He Will Never Be Released as Judge Jails Him Again." Mail Online. Associated Newspapers Ltd, n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2013. A 2011 study found that California has spent more than $4 billion on capital punishment since it was reinstated in 1978 and penalty trials are 20 times more expensive than trials seeking a sentence of life in prison. California spends $184 million on the death penalty each year, and it is on track to spend $1 billion in the next five years. Taxpayers continued Boise, Idaho-Tomas Creech sits and waits on Idaho's death row. Creech was already serving a life sentence for a double murder in 1981, when he was convicted of killing a fellow inmate. He was tried, convicted, and sentenced to death. Almost three decades later, Creech still does not have an execution date. Tax money is keeping him alive. Creech continued.. Through the decades, Creech awaits, the relatives for his victims wait, and Idaho taxpayers spend. Democratic State Senator Elliot Werks says, "It's just a huge waste of government money and money that could go to other really beneficial uses." Taxpayers pay more money continued.. Since many capital murder defendants cannot afford an attorney, states often pay for their prosecution and their defense. Darrell Payne was sentenced to death in 2000. So far, that on state office itself costs Idaho taxpayers another $2 million a year just to operate. No evidence that the death penalty deters crime. A recent study published in the Journal of Crime Law and Criminal Law and Criminology reported that eighty-percent of the country’s top criminologists surveyed do not believe the death penalty acts as a deterrent to homicide. Deters crime continued... This study shows that the top criminologists in the United States think that the death penalty does absolutely nothing to help the crime rate. Eighty-seven percent of them think that the abolition of capital punishment would not have a significant effect on murder rates. According to another study, regions of the country that use the death penalty the least are the safest for police officers. The three leading states where police officers were often killed included California, Texas, and Florida. Deters crime continued... The interesting fact about this is that those three states all have the death penalty. That is a perfect example on how the death penalty does not deter crime. In 2009, the murder rate in death penalty states was just about six, while the murder rate in non-death penalty states was just over four; the difference was about forty percent. This was one of the highest murder rate differences in the past twenty years Deters crime continued... The death penalty does not make communities safer; Wisconsin, which has not had the death penalty for one hundred fifty years, has a murder rate that is half that of states like Texas and Florida that use the death penalty frequently. The murder rate in Canada has dropped by twenty-seven percent since the death penalty was abolished in that country in 1976. Since 1976, one hundred forty-one people in twenty-six states have been released from death row with evidence of their innocence. Wrongly accused continued... As of October 1, 2012, there have been twenty-three exonerations in Florida alone, which has the highest. There are many examples of where people have been wrongly accused, and they are freed. then there are the ones that get wrongly accused. The choice of lawyers. INHUMANE Almost all religious groups in the United States regard executions as immoral. The death penalty is the ultimate denial of human rights; it violates the life as proclaimed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Many police officers cannot even deal with killing someone, no matter how nasty the person can be. It is always in the back of their mind for the rest of their life. The people on death row have families too, nobody ever thinks about that. The death penalty is too arbitrary. David Cook, 65, was jailed for life in 1987 for strangling a Sunday school teacher with a dressing gown cord in a robbery. He was released after 21 years of his life sentence to move to a village 100 miles away. Once he was released, he then killed again. Cook strangled neighbor Leonard Hill, 64, by using a TV flex in his own home during another robbery in a desperate search for cash. Tax payers pay to keep inmates alive. If the death penalty is used, then tax payers will not have to waste money on people who do not deserve to live. For the Death Penalty Cont. Murderers should not get a second chance at life because their victims did not. He still sits in jail to this day for the murder of two innocent people. David Cook Gas Chamber Lethal Injection A study was taken and proven that for every inmate who was executed, 7 lives were saved because others were deterred from committing murder. Facts As of 2011, almost 60 countries throughout the world practice the death penalty. Many countries, such as China, Egypt, and Iran, also allow the death penalty for drug-related crimes. Booker, Renee, and E. E. Hubbard. "What Are the Reasons for Supporting the Death Penalty?" WiseGeek. Conjecture, 14 Feb. 2013. Web. 04 Mar. 2013. 33 states allow the death penalty "Did You Know? - Death Penalty - ProCon.org." Did You Know? - Death Penalty - ProCon.org. Did You Know?, 8 May 2012. Web. 04 Mar. 2013. Arizona, California, Missouri, Maryland, and Wyoming are the only five states which authorize the use of the gas chamber as a method of execution (as of Sep. 12, 2011). A lethal injection is normally a combination of three drugs: First, sodium thiopental as anesthesia; second, pancuronium bromide as paralyzer; and third, potassium chloride to induce cardiac arrest.
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