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South Carolina History

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by

Jordan Hardee

on 29 August 2015

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Transcript of South Carolina History

Plantations
Ideal plantation
; 1000acres and 30-50 slaves.
The amount of acres was not as important as availability of
good rice swamp land
.
Slaves were a good investment. Paid for themselves in 4-5 years.
South Carolina History
Chapter 8 "The Riches of the Province"

Pirate Trade
promoted eco. growth. (Pirates sold their loot cheaper than market value).
1690's: South Carolinians realize that
safe sea lanes
more imp. than good deals on stolen goods.
Naval Stores
Naval stores
(tar, turpentine) - Essential for national defense.
1720, SC produced more naval stores for the British Empire than any other colony.
"They came here to get wealthy.."
South Carolinians would make their fortunes in the
world markets
, not the domestic market.
Captain John West and the Experimental Gardens
Instructed to obtain cotton, indigo seeds, ginger roots, vines, sugar cane cuttings, and olive tree sets.
Searching for a
staple crop
for export.
Land, Climate, and Demand
Land, Climate, and Demand
3 crucial variables.
What could be successfully produced in SC and find high demand in the world markets?
Timber
Took advantage of South Carolina's abundant woodlands and created a prosperous
timber
industry.
Angel Oak, Johns Island, SC
Limiting the Supplies
Proprietors limited the provisions bestowed on to the settlers.
Sir John Yeamans
Limited food supply + experience of Barbadians
ensured the South Carolinians would never starve
Cattle Ranching
Cattle Ranching
became the first major agricultural enterprise.
Minimal investment in stock/ couple of slaves
Sc also had plenty of grassland for grazing.
Hogs
Raising
hogs
was an effective use of resources
allowed to forage freely
multiplied rapidly
Main Exports
Beef and Pork
Well into the 18th century, meat products were ranked 4th behind rice, deerskins, and indigo.
Dr. Henry Woodward
expanded SC's trading boundaries all the way to Mississippi
simultaneously established
England's
claim for territories Spain/ France considered theirs.
The Indian Trade
Indian Trade
Dire trading abuses
First attempt to regulate trade was in 1707 when the Commons created the
Commission of Indian Trade
.
Thomas Nairne
- commission agent
Indian Trade
Deerskin trade strengthened SC's economic position
Elevated
Charleston's
imp. as a port on Atlantic coast
Indian Trade
Illicit (Illegal) trade in
Indian slaves
Proprietors=against
Major Commercial Enterprise in SC
Arthur Middleton
and
James Moore

both major Indian Traders
Members of the Council
Henry Middleton
Rice
18th century -
Rice
leading export
Grown in freshwater inland swamps; "
Golden Mines of Carolina
" source of infinite wealth
Africans played a vital role in rice production
West African rice
planting methods
exports reached 30 millions lbs annually
1726-1775; "
Carolina Gold
"
Increase in Output
Economies of Sale
and the
task system
continued to increase the output and profit of plantations.
Economies of Sale
- increase in efficiency of production as the number of goods being produced increases.
Lucas and Indigo
Eliza Lucas
; In 1739, experimented with indigo seeds. After 5 yrs, produced 17 lbs. of dye.
Eliza Lucas (1722-1793)
The Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce of London
Offered premiums and prizes for development through
agricultural experimentation
.
Silk
Silk
was attempted in colonial South Carolina never produced with any success.
Hemp
Hemp was a profitable crop.
Hemp
is a fiber that is used in textiles, paper, and food.
Pringle, Pistachios, and Citrus
Robert Pringle
attempted to cultivate pistachio.
Pringle's success with
citrus
was brief as SC's climate is not suitable to produce citrus.
The Prosperity of South Carolina, "A Good Poor Man's Country"
England
was South Carolina's principal trading partner.
The British Empire (1660-1750)
Expansion of the Colony
SC played a vital role in the expansion of the 13 colonies by
lending out excess capital
($$$) to the other colonies.
1774, lowcountry had more total wealth than many nations have today.
Peter Manigault
- wealthiest man in British North America.
Conclusion
In South Carolina, success was measured by monetary gains (
wealth
)
and because of
Barbadian ethics
, the source of a person's wealth was not important. (Examples?)
"A Model Colony"
SC ships nearly
3/4
of its rice directly to England
Exports - raw materials
agricultural products
Imports - British manufactured
goods
"That makes Us perhaps more valuable to our Mother Country than any other Province on the Continent."
Peter Manigault and His Friends, 1750
Sound - because forced settlers to take the initiative to
support themselves
.
created
industry/ productivity
.
Sir
John Yeamans;
successful farming enterprise, produced a
surplus
of food.
Sold surplus to West Indies for greater profit.
Barbadian ethics
credited with developing indigo as a staple crop. Lucas changed agriculture in colonial SC
.
Indigo production would boom in the following years, becoming second to only rice as South Carolina's cash crop.
Sc AN
open society
, promise of
upward social mobility
.
good work ethic + "the Blessing of Heaven" could build a successful living.
As the value of South Carolina's exports grew, so did its importance to the British Empire
.
Factors that contributed to SC's prosperity
speed at moving upon new opportunities
thousands of slave laborers
willingness to take chances
exploitation of available resources
Full transcript