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Transcript of Mackenzie Hoenshell
The Original Thirteen Colonies
The thirteen colonies were originally British colonies that are now apart of the United States of America. They have always been located in North America, but they did not become a piece of our country until after the adoption of the Declaration of Independence in 1776.
Massachusetts was founded in 1630 by John Winthrop. It fell into the New England Colonies where it stayed until it went to fight for its independence in 1776. The landscaping there was rough and rocky, although the colonists still were able to farm beans, corn, squash, pumpkin, wheat, and rye. Even though Massachusetts was the third colony founded, it was the sixth state to be accepted.
New Hampshire was the seventh colony and the ninth state to be founded. It became a colony when Captain John Mason, John Wheelwright, and other colonists came across it in 1602. The area was named after the town where Captain John Mason was raised, Hampshire County. New Hampshire was claimed by the Massachusetts colony in 1641, but it gained its independence back in 1741.
William Penn discovered Pennsylvania in 1682 with the help of colonists. Within the colony, farmland used to be anywhere from 50 to 150 acres that held a house and a barn. It was governed as a Proprietary Colony until 1775, a year before it joined the rebellion against Great Britain.
The New Jersey colony was founded in 1664 by Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret. It was named after the British island of Jersey. The colony was one of those within the Middle Colonies. At one point, in 1676 the colony divided itself into East Jersey and West Jersey. It, like many others, pulled away from Great Britain and became the third state in our country.
The Delaware colony was the eighth to be discovered. It was classified as one of the Middle Colonies founded in 1638. New Sweden Company and Peter Minuit started what was soon to become the first state. Delaware had a history of being referred to as the breadbasket colony because they grew a variety of crops, wheat being one of them.
The Southern Colony of Maryland was founded by George Calvert and Lord Baltimore. They were helped by other Baltimore colonists and discovered the colony in 1633. King Charles I of England named the land in honor of his wife. The economy revolved around the crops that were grown on plantations. The crops were traded for items such as shoes, lace, thread, farm tools, and dishes.
In 1607, John Smith and John Rolfe founded Virginia, one of the Southern Colonies. The colony that became the tenth state in 1788, was named after Queen Elizabeth I. The colonists focused on agriculture and exported their goods to other colonies. By the year 1775, it was governed as a Royal Colony until they released themselves from Great Britain.
The colonists of Virginia founded North Carolina in 1653. As a colony, North and South Carolina were combined. The Southern Colonies that North Carolina was apart of, had the largest slave population. This implies that the massive plantations were worked by slaves during the time of the North Carolina colony.
The colony of New York was founded in 1626. The Duke of York and Manhattan Island colonists are said to be responsible. The New York colony was an aspect of the Middle Colonies and it was founded for trade and profits. New York became a state in 1788 after they rebelled against Great Britain.
In 1633, the colony of South Carolina was founded by eight English nobles. A Royal Charter from King Charles ll also was present during this discovery. South Carolina and North Carolina were once combined, but it was decided that one governor and one assembly could not handle a colony as big as Carolina was. In 1712, the colony was separated into two, and by 1775 South Carolina was governed as a Royal Colony. In 1778 the eighth state, South Carolina, was accepted.
Georgia was the fourth state to be accepted in 1778. It was apart of the Southern Colonies and it was discovered in 1732. James Oglethorpe was responsible for the discovery along with some other colonists. The colony was named after King George ll of England. 50 years after the other 12 colonies were founded, Georgia finally came to be an aspect.
Classified as one of the New England Colonies, Rhode Island was founded in 1636 by Roger Williams and other colonists at Providence. Rhode Island was less likely to have a breakout of diseases because of its climate. It was cold with mild and short summers. The poor soil made it difficult for the colonists in Rhode Island to farm, although corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were able to be planted. On the other hand, in towns along the coast, people made a living by fishing and building ships.
The founder of the sixth colony was Thomas Hooker and other colonists at Hartford in 1636. The name was taken from a Native Indian phrase. Agriculture was a major industry, although farming was difficult. The colonists relied on fish, whales, and forests, as well as imported agriculture products. Connecticut was governed as a Charter Colony and it was within the boundaries of the New England Colonies.