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History & Citizenship: Official Power & Countervailing Powers - British Rule
Transcript of History & Citizenship: Official Power & Countervailing Powers - British Rule
of Independence Population
& Settlement Economy &
& Thought Power &
Countervailing Powers French Regime
Contemporary Period Power Relations Between the Native
Peoples and the British Authorities Chief Pontiac was a chief of the Ottawa tribe who
became famous for his role in
Pontiac's Rebellion (1763–1766) Jeffery Amherst was one of the generals who led
British troops against the Native
armies during Pontiac's Rebellion The British colonial state could count on the support of three important social groups in the Province of Quebec: Aboriginal peoples, the Canadien nobility, and the Catholic clergy. Pontiac's Rebellion (1763-6) Pontiac encouraging rebellion against the British What: War
Who: Native alliance vs. British
Where: Great Lakes region
When: Right after British take New France
Why: Because Natives were upset with new
British policies regarding trade Eventually, the two sides would
sign a peace treaty to end the war. This revolt was the only way for the
Native peoples to get what they wanted.
They wanted: recognition of their rights
and compensation for lost territory. From then on, the British/Native relationships were tense.
Starting in 1830, and even continuing
after confederation, policies of assimilation
were applied to Aboriginal peoples. Just like assimilation
policies, Reserves began
to become normal
policy regarding Native
peoples. Let's go back to the 1760's... Governor James Murray In 1760... Murray signed a Treaty of Peace and
Friendship with the Huron Nation He represents positive relations with Native peoples during British Rule Power Relations Between British Merchants in the Colony and the Governor Murray became the first Governor of the
Province of Quebec under British Rule. He's best known for favoring the French-Canadians over
the British in Quebec, and for his role in the Quebec Act. Conquest
of 1760 Murray was very good to the French-Canadians.
But this upset British merchants,
who expected to be favored instead. Murray's role in the Quebec Act...
The Quebec Act imposed French
civil law on Quebec, not British,
and tolerated Catholics. The new English colonists were very upset with
the way the colony was being administered,
and wrote many petitions to the Kings.
This eventually led to Murray
being recalled to England in 1766. Interpret: firstname.lastname@example.org The Quebec Act Petition of
British merchants Governor Murray + =