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History of Latte Art

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by

Sarah Randall

on 11 December 2013

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Transcript of History of Latte Art

History of Latte Art
By Caitlin Dean & Sarah Randall
The History of Latte Art
About David Schomer

Brief Timeline
1986
- Jack Kelly perfects latte art at his Seattle cafe,
Uptown Espresso
1988
- Schomer sees latte art for the first time from
Uptown
barista Amy Vanderbeck
1989
- The heart design is perfected and becomes the trademark of
Vivace
barista Lisa Parsons
1992
- Schomer perfects the rosetta design
2011
- First
World Latte Art Championship
in Thailand
World Latte Art Championship
-Competitors from all around the world gather to show off their latte art skills and techniques
-The 2013 Championship was in Nice, France
-Preliminary Round:
produce a single creative latte pattern at the "Art Bar"
-WLAC Stage:
create two identical free-pour lattes and two identical designer lattes
-Scores from the Art Bar and Stage are combined - the top 6 competitors move on
-Final Stage:
create two identical free-pour macchiatos, two identical free-pour lattes, and two identical designer patterned lattes.
Chemistry
Latte art is created by a mixture of these 2 colloids
:
-Crema:
an emulsion of coffee oil and brewed coffee
-Microfoam:
frothed milk

-Neither of these colloids are considered "stable." The crema dissipates from the espresso, and the microfoam separates into drier foam and milk after several minutes. Latte art is appreciated because it is so short lived.
Some people question whether there is an excessive focus on latte art in the coffee world today.

Too much focus on the superficial appearance of the drink may cause people to ignore more important aspects of the drink, such as taste.

Others believe latte art is an important aspect of the presentation of coffee, and "promotes respect for caffe espresso making as a culinary art," said David Schomer.
Origins of Latte Art
-After the introduction of the espresso and the development of microfoam, latte art was born. The combination of
crema and microfoam
allowed for the creation of designs.
-While it is presumed to have initially developed in Italy, latte art
developed independently in different countries.
-In the U.S., latte art started in
Seattle in the 1980s and 90s
.
David Schomer
popularized the trend, but specifically credits the development of microfoam or “velvet foam” to Jack Kelly of
Uptown Espresso
in 1986.
-
Schomer then developed the rosette pattern
in 1992 from a photo he saw from Italy’s
Cafe Mateki
.
-By 1989, the familiar
heart pattern
was a signature design at Schomer’s
Espresso Vivace
. Schomer credits barista Joseph from Milan’s
Bar Del Domm
for the pitcher-shaking method that creates the concentric rings.

“The intent is to promote respect for caffe espresso as a culinary art that emphasizes flavor, a silky feel, and stunning presentation possibilities.” - David Schomer
CEO of
Expresso Vivace
Popularized latte art in Seattle in the 1980s and 90s
Techniques
Sources
Controversy
http://www.worldlatteart.org/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latte_art
The creamy, brown
crema
is brewed and poured into a cup. Then, the milk is frothed to make the white
microfoam
, which contrasts with brown
crema
, and is poured into the same cup. Both the
crema
and the
microfoam
have to be a special temperature and consistency to create distinct patterns.
There are two common techniques:
Free pouring:
the barista moves the pitcher while pouring the milk to create an image
Etching:
a tool/stick is used to pull the foam and crema to form an image after the milk is poured
http://www.seedscoffee.com/blogs/news/8270335-latte-art-a-brief-history
http://www.coffeereserve.com/the-history-of-latte-art/
http://www.espressovivace.com/archives/9412ct.html
What do you think?
Full transcript