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Cave and Egyptian Art
Transcript of Cave and Egyptian Art
(Paleolithic Era, 35,000
to 12,000 years ago) Cave art : not purposely for decoration : magical control over the animals Subjects are mostly animals which the caveman depended for food Human representations : nearly always incomplete or even reduced to an isolated segment of their body Finest works are located in the innermost parts of the caves FACTORS Lack of proper communication.
Visions of Shamans while in trance.
Belief that drawing animals may double their captured animals
Gradual development of the prehistoric people’s notion of the things around them: fertility and death/afterlife. Subjects are not drawn completely. Just enough to identify them. MEDIUM mineral coloring matter for his pigments Red: iron oxides, such as hematite. Black: either charcoal or manganese dioxide. Yellow: iron oxide White: chalk or even burned bone or shell. Clay ochre too provided some basic colors. To etch into the rock, they could have used sharp tools or a spear. Art Forms Drawings
Sculptures ALTAMIRA CAVE LASCAUX CAVE lunar CHAUVET CAVE It came to be through the same belief in magic
Religious and for the glory of the rulerFertility statues – the belief that they would ensure him of many offspring and the continuance of his species First notions of building : practice of burying the dead : occurred w/ the development of social organization
First, arranged the gravestones to form some kind of primitive religious symbolism Beginnings of Architectures Sculpture Emphasis of opulent breasts and wide hips
Took no note of the face
Produced fertility statues in Egyptian
Art Pre-dynastic period
(before 3100 BCE) Early dynastic period
(3100-2686 BCE ) Old Kingdom
(2686-2181 BCE) First Intermediate Period
(2181-2125 BCE) Middle Kingdom
(2125-1650 BCE) Second Intermediate Period
(1650-1550 BCE) New Kingdom
(1550-1069 BCE) Third Intermediate Period
(1069-664 BCE) Late Period
(664-332 BCE) Ptolemaic Period
(332-30 BCE) Roman Period
(30 BCE – 395 CE) Hieroglyphics Amarna Style Relief Design Frontalism Artistic Characteristics Combination of geometric regularity and keen observation of nature
Detailed depiction of gods, human beings, heroic battles, and nature
Balanced forms and compositions
Flat areas of color Figures and scenes were arranged in horizontal rows (called registers).
When depicting the human body on a two-dimensional surface, artists used different points of view to show each part of the body in its most complete form.
Distance in space from the viewer, if indicated at all, is represented either by one figure overlapping another or by more distant figures being placed above those in the foreground.
Differences in rank were shown by differences in size. Imhotep Ahkenaten Pleiades MEDIUM Stone
Ivory ART FORM Architecture
Crafts and Sculpture
Textile and Dye Making