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UNIT 53. RELATIVE PRONOUNS

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Ramil Hajiyev

on 12 February 2015

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Transcript of UNIT 53. RELATIVE PRONOUNS

Not repeat the Subject
After a relative clause, we don't repeat the
subject
with a pronoun; so for example, we wouldn't say ...
Can be omitted and can not be omitted Relative Pronoun
I read a
newspaper
which/that
Samire
gave to me
What do we know about Relative clauses?
What is defining Relative clause?
Non-defining relative clauses
* are used to add extra information about a noun , but this information is not necessary to explain which person or thing we mean
UNIT 53. RELATIVE PRONOUNS
Defining relative clauses
After giving brief information about defining and non-defining... Let's pass the subject
UNIT 53. RELATIVE PRONOUN
What is Non-defining Relative clause?
* are used to specify which person or thing we mean
* or which type of person or thing we mean
* We don't put a comma between the noun and a defining relative clause.
Referee charged the
footballer

that had played rudely
Glimpse
Glimpse
* we don't use them often in everyday speech, but we do use them in written English.
* We often put a comma before and after a non-defining relative-clause
The footballer,
who had charged
, became a model.
Defining the footballar
It is not defined the footballer It is Non-defining
The house, which is to the north of the road,
It
is owned by the council.
we don't repeat the
subject
However,
this is sometimes found in informal speech
Defining and non-defining relative clauses begin with a
relative pronoun
, which can sometimes be omitted
Relative Pronouns are;
Who
That
Whom
Which
relative pronoun refers to "
newspaper
"
and the subject of relative clause is "
Samire
" here.
different
I know
a student
who/that
...
changed her classroom from IA to IB
Where the relative pronoun refers to
a student,
and the subject of the relative clause is also
a student.
Can be omitted Relative Pronoun
In this case, the relative Pronoun can't be omitted
Subject + Verb + Object
Object + Subject + Verb
* In defining relative clause, the relative pronoun can be either the subject or the object of the relative clause. When it is Subject the word order is ...
Subject + Verb + Object
* When the relative pronoun is the object the word order is...
Some Examples
She is my
cousin
who/that
applies

for PhD
in LA.
Object + Subject + Verb
Subject
Verb
Object
She tore the
photo
which/that
she

had taken
Verb
Subject
Object
Add information about
things
* We can use
that
( or no relative pronoun) as object in conversation
*
Which
in more formal contexts
Painting is an art (that) I like more
Add information about
people
* We generally prefer
that
(or no relative pronoun) as object in informal context rather than
who
or
whom
.
That is the professor
that
I saw at the auditorium
WHOM
* It is very formal and not used in spoken English
The senator whom I had asked the paradoxical question silenced
Less formally
that, no relative pronoun or who
Use
that
as Subject after Pronouns
something
anything
all
little
none
much
that
Could you give some more examples, teacher?
The old man's speech is something that remains me Dede Qorqud's advice.
Use
that
as Object
something
anything
all
little
none
much
that
Superlatives
You are the cleverest student that I have seen in my life
Non-defining relative clauses
can be used as
Object and Subject
Who (whom) and Which in Non-defining Relative Clauses
Object form
We can use ...
Which
* When we add information about things, we can use which as subject or object.
Who
or
whom
as object
Whom is very formal
The scientist, whom I have applied to be a student, is to be at Qafqaz University on February 19.
* That is sometimes used instead of which but some people think this is incorrect
Due to bill of customs, the BMW cars, which have been sent via Georgia, are expensive enough in Azerbaijan.
Thank you very much
Full transcript