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Transitional Words and Phrases

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by

Lisa Boveroux

on 7 October 2013

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Transcript of Transitional Words and Phrases

transition words
We are able to
Identify what transition words are
Choose/use the proper transition words in writing
Solve the problem in the test paper

We are able to
Identify what transition words are
Choose/use the proper transition words in writing
Solve the problem in the test paper
Today
Choose the best transition
______________ it has been shown that many accidents occur on motorcycles, the use of helmets should be required.
Nevertheless Because
Even though   
Choose the best transition
In order to try to reduce car use in the inner cities, the government has announced new restrictions and, ______________ , a new tax on individual car use.
as well as
in addition
in the same way  
Choose the best transition  
Furthermore
In comparison
With reference to  
Above all Correspondingly In contrast
Sales of cassettes have dropped over the past 12 months. _____________ , CDs have seen an increase in sales.
Choose the best transition
As a result So that Likewise 
Choose the best transition 
It was announced that teachers' working hours would be longer than other professions. ______________ , even fewer new teachers are expected to join the profession.
consequently otherwise as a rule  
There are some slight variations in climate, but ________________ mild winters can be expected in the South.
Choose the best transition
In particular However For instance
Polls show that the Beatles are the most popular singing group of this century. ________________ , there are country music fans who would disagree.
Choose the best transition
To put it briefly Since Consequently
Things were pretty dull. _______ the families of our neighborhood were excited about the people who moved into the Blake’s house.
Choose the best transition
With this in mind Eventually In hopes that
_________ people believed the earth was flat. 
Choose the best transition
Meanwhile With this in mind Whereas
___________ Jack's going up the hill to fetch a pail of water, he returned home with an empty bucket.
Choose the best transition
Currently Indeed Although
____________I promised to go to school today, I stayed home to watch television.
Choose the best transition
Eventually Likewise In addition to
__________ working as the president of the United States, George Bush loves to ride horses.
Choose the best transition
Nevertheless In fact Due to
I love to write essays for school.  _____________, I really enjoy receiving large amounts of homework from my teachers.
Choose the best transition
How much do you know about using transition words? Take the Quiz and find out.
Ready for a Quiz ?
Given these facts
Hence
In conclusion
So
Thus
To conclude
Therefore
Transition words that provide a conclusion
Initially
Lastly
Later
Meanwhile
Next
Previously
Simultaneously
Soon
Subsequently
After
Before
Currently
During
Eventually
Finally
First,...Second,..., etc.
Formerly
Immediately
Transition words that provide a sequence
For fear that
In the hope that
In order to
So
So that
With this in mind
Transition words that provide a purpose or reason
Accordingly
Finally
Consequently
Hence
So
Therefore
Thus
Transition words that provide a result or an effect
For example
For instance
In particular
Particularly
Specifically
To demonstrate
To illustrate
Transition words that provide an example
Besides
Furthermore
In addition
Indeed
In fact
Moreover
Second
Third
Transition words that provide more information
Provide more information
Provide an example
Provide a cause or reason
Provide a result or an effect
Provide a purpose or reason
Provide a comparison or contrast
Provide a sequence
Provide a summary
Provide a conclusion
Transition words:
Transition words and phrases help make clear connections between ideas and see that sentences and paragraphs flow together smoothly, making them easier to read.
What are transitions and how are they used?
Choose the best transition    
Homework must be handed in by the deadline, ______________ they will not be graded.
obviously
otherwise
as a result    
Choose the best transition
The mayor explained that tax collection was down, it would be necessary to freeze salaries at their current level. ______________ , no-one was getting a pay rise.
Nevertheless
In other words
Similarly 
finally namely in summary 
The two larger cities, ________________ Knoxville and Chattanooga, are in East Tennessee.
Choose the best transition
Eventually Overall To demonstrate
_________ they learned their the new student was from California.
Choose the best transition
Previously Therefore For fear that
_______ to make my writing very clear, I will learn how to use transitional words.
Choose the best transition
On the other hand Although To put it briefly
_________ I do enjoy cooking as a hobby, I will not prepare all the food for your party.
Choose the best transition
Choose a transition word to complete the following sentences.
Can you transition?
Briefly
In brief
Overall
Summing up
To put it briefly
To sum up
To summarize
Transition words that provide a summary
Although
However
In comparison
In contrast
Likewise
Nevertheless
On the other hand
Similarly
Whereas
Yet
Transition words that provide a comparison or contrast
As
Because
Because of
Due to
For
For the reason that
Since
Transition words that provide a cause or reason
Connecting Ideas
Ah, Those Transitions
Example:
John skipped meals regularly.
Therefore
,
he was always hungry.

Example:
Marcos is very athletic.

"In fact",
he(subject) plays three sports at school.
Transition words
are connecting words or phrases that act like bridges between parts of our writing. They link our sentences and paragraphs together smoothly so that there are no abrupt jumps or breaks between ideas.

*the line of scrimmage: 공격수와 수비수가 대치하는 선
(A) (B)
① Similarly …… Moreover
② However …… For example
③ Furthermore …… Instead
④ However …… Instead
⑤ Similarly …… For example

influence 영향을 미치다
structure 구조
enormous 엄청난, 막대한, 거대한
formation 대형, 구성
specialized 전문화된, 특수한
self-explanatory 따로 설명이 필요 없는, 자명한
advantage 이점, 이득, 유리(한 입장)
interact 상호작용하다, 서로 영향을 끼치다
avoid 피하다
In the modern world, we see tournaments that influence network structures all the time. In American football, the offense has to put seven of its eleven players on the line of scrimmage (just behind the ball) at the beginning of a play. (A) , the other four players can stand wherever they want. This freedom has led to an enormous variety of formations, including the T, I, ace, pro-set, single-wing, double-wing, shotgun, pistol, eastern shotgun, wishbone, flexbone, wing-T, and A-11. Some formations have specialized purposes, like the self-explanatory goal-line formation. Each has advantages, depending on which players need to interact and what the objective is. (B) , the shotgun formation puts the quarterback farther away from the ball so that he has more time to pass to a receiver while avoiding rushers from the defense.
1. for example
2. furthermore
3. nevertheless
4. in addition
5. however
6. as a result
7. on the contrary
8. consequently
Create new sentences
Cell phones are very useful. First, you can use them anywhere if your car breaks down. _____________, they often have other functions. For example, many cell phones can be used for e-mail, taking pictures, or sending text messages.
A ) As a result
B ) Furthermore
C ) In conclusion
D ) However
It was 100° F (37.8° C) outside. _____________, Patricia had to wear a coat when she was at work because she works in a meat freezer at the supermarket.
A ) Therefore
B ) For instance
C ) Furthermore
D ) Nevertheless
Gary sometimes forgets which day it is. _____________, he once tried to go to work and wondered why there was no one in the parking lot. The reason was that it was Saturday, but he thought it was Friday.

A ) For instance
B ) In conclusion
C ) On the other hand
D ) Nevertheless
Mark had a terrible day. First, his alarm clock didn't go off. Next, he missed his bus, so he was late to work. Finally, he accidentally wore his bunny slippers to work instead of his regular shoes. _____________, he should have called in sick and stayed home.
A ) On the other hand
B ) Furthermore
C ) For instance
D ) In conclusion
People need to eat healthier and exercise more. _____________, the obesity problem in the United States will get worse.

A ) On the other hand
B ) Furthermore
C ) For instance
D ) Otherwise
Cheeseburgers have a lot of calories. _____________, carrots have very few calories.

A ) As a result
B ) Therefore
C ) In conclusion
D ) On the other hand
Fast food restaurants must now post how many calories each food item, such as French fries or burgers, has. _____________, fewer people may be eating fast food in the future.
A ) Consequently
B ) Otherwise
C ) On the other hand
D ) Nevertheless
Two other presidents who had the same last name were Andrew Johnson, who became president after Abraham Lincoln was killed, and Lyndon Johnson, who succeeded John F. Kennedy ninety-eight years later. _____________, these two men, unlike George W. Bush and his father, George H.W. Bush, are not related to each other.

A ) As a result
B ) Furthermore
C ) However
D ) In conclusion
John Adams and John Quincy Adams were the second and sixth presidents of the United States. _____________, they were father and son.
A ) As a result
B ) For example
C ) Moreover
D ) In contrast
Forgetting her bathing suit wasn't the only bad thing that happened to Mary today. _____________, she forgot her bus pass and had to pay for the fare with her lunch money.
A ) In addition
B ) As a result
C ) However
D ) For example
Mary forgot her bathing suit. _____________, she can't go swimming today.

A ) In addition
B ) As a result
C ) In contrast
D ) For example
Mary doesn't have a car. _____________, she has to take the bus.

A ) In addition
B ) In conclusion
C ) Therefore
D ) Nevertheless
John can work in the smokiest of bars without any problems. _____________, he could never work in a flower shop.
A ) As a result
B ) Moreover
C ) For instance
D ) In contrast
John really hates roses. _____________, cigarette smoke doesn't give him any problems.

A ) Therefore
B ) For example
C ) In addition
D ) However
John is very allergic to flowers. _____________, whenever he goes anywhere near roses, his nose starts to run, his eyes water, and he sneezes uncontrollably.
A ) However
B ) For example
C ) Furthermore
D ) In conclusion
Choose the best transition
______________ it has been shown that many accidents occur on motorcycles, the use of helmets should be required.
Nevertheless Because
Even though   
Choose the best transition
In order to try to reduce car use in the inner cities, the government has announced new restrictions and, ______________ , a new tax on individual car use.
as well as
in addition
in the same way  
Choose the best transition  
It is clear, therefore, that Robert’s grades in English will improve only slowly due to his hard work. ______________ the problems he is experiencing in algebra, the outlook is slightly less optimistic.
Furthermore
In comparison
With reference to  
Above all Correspondingly
In contrast
Sales of cassettes have dropped over the past 12 months. _____________ , CDs have seen an increase in sales.
Choose the best transition
As a result
So that Likewise 
Choose the best transition 
It was announced that teachers' working hours would be longer than other professions. ______________ , even fewer new teachers are expected to join the profession.
consequently otherwise
as a rule  
There are some slight variations in climate, but ________________ mild winters can be expected in the South.
Choose the best transition
In particular
However
For instance
Polls show that the Beatles are the most popular singing group of this century. ________________ , there are country music fans who would disagree.
Choose the best transition
To put it briefly
Since
Consequently
Things were pretty dull. _______ the families of our neighborhood were excited about the people who moved into the Blake’s house.
Choose the best transition
With this in mind Eventually
In hopes that
_________ people believed the earth was flat. 
Choose the best transition
Meanwhile
With this in mind Whereas
___________ Jack's going up the hill to fetch a pail of water, he returned home with an empty bucket.
Choose the best transition
Currently
Indeed
Although
____________I promised to go to school today, I stayed home to watch television.
Choose the best transition
Eventually
Likewise
In addition to
__________ working as the president of the United States, George Bush loves to ride horses.
Choose the best transition
Nevertheless
In fact
Due to
I love to write essays for school.  _____________, I really enjoy receiving large amounts of homework from my teachers.
Choose the best transition
How much do you know about using transition words? Take the Quiz and find out.
Ready for a Quiz ?
Looking at rates of poverty is very important because it provides a good deal of insight into Mexican immigration's impact on the United States. Poverty rates have wide-ranging implications not only for the immigrants themselves but for society in general. If Mexican immigrants are finding it difficult to obtain a middle-class income, it implies that a significant proportion of immigrants are unable to succeed in the modern American economy, and it implies significant fiscal costs to the country as well. Persons who live in or near poverty are, by design, eligible for a wide range of means-tested programs. Moreover , because of the progressive nature of payroll and other taxes, those with low incomes pay relatively little in taxes. Finally , by consuming scarce public resources, an increase in the size of the low-income population as a result of immigration may hinder the ability of the nation to help those with low incomes already here.
Read the passage
Highlight any transition words you find
Share with a partner
Let’s practice….
Given these facts
Hence
In conclusion
So
Thus
To conclude
Therefore
Transition words that provide a conclusion
Initially
Lastly
Later
Meanwhile
Next
Previously
Simultaneously
Soon
Subsequently
After
Before
Currently
During
Eventually
Finally
First,...Second,..., etc.
Formerly
Immediately
Transition words that provide a sequence
Although
However
In comparison
In contrast
Likewise
Nevertheless
On the other hand
Similarly
Whereas
Yet
Transition words that provide a comparison or contrast
Accordingly
Finally
Consequently
Hence
So
Therefore
Thus
Transition words that provide a result or an effect
As
Because
Because of
Due to
For
For the reason that
Since
Transition words that provide a cause or reason
Besides
Furthermore
In addition
Indeed
In fact
Moreover
Second
Third
Transition words that provide more information
Provide more information
Provide an example
Provide a cause or reason
Provide a result or an effect
Provide a purpose or reason
Provide a comparison or contrast
Provide a sequence
Provide a summary
Provide a conclusion
Transition words:
he likes to fish.
;moreover,
;furthermore,
;in addition,
;besides,
Marcos loves to ski
Types of Transitions
Transitions are words that help make
your writing more coherent. They create
connections between:
Transitions
- one clause and another clause
- one sentence and another sentence
- one group of sentences and the next group of sentences
Transition words and phrases help make clear connections between ideas and see that sentences and paragraphs flow together smoothly, making them easier to read.
What are transitions and how are they used?
A: My friend, Marcos, loves to play sports and is very athletic. He has won a scholarship to play football at a university next year.
B: My friend, Marcos, loves to play sports and is very athletic. In fact, he has won a scholarship to play football at a university next year.
Look at the two groups of sentences
below.

Which sentences read more smoothly?

Why?
Transitions
It was an unusually cold spring.
However
, the trees were leafing out.
It was an unusually cold spring.
,The trees were leafing out.
Add the missing transition words
Transition
Idea
Idea
A transition word directly tells the reader the
logical relationship between one idea and
another idea.
Transitions
Write your own essay using 10 transition words.
Topic : My family
Homework
George W. Bush and George H.W. Bush have the same first and last names. _____________, we have to use their initials to tell them apart. Another way that people can tell the difference between them is by calling them Bush I (the father) and Bush II (the son).
A ) In contrast
B ) For example
C ) Moreover
D ) Therefore
Choose the best transition    
Homework must be handed in by the deadline, ______________ they will not be graded.
obviously
otherwise
as a result    
Choose the best transition
The mayor explained that tax collection was down, it would be necessary to freeze salaries at their current level. ______________ , no-one was getting a pay rise.
Nevertheless
In other words
Similarly 
finally
namely
in summary 
The two larger cities, ________________ Knoxville and Chattanooga, are in East Tennessee.
Choose the best transition
Eventually
Overall
To demonstrate
_________ they learned their the new student was from California.
Choose the best transition
Previously
Therefore
For fear that
_______ to make my writing very clear, I will learn how to use transitional words.
Choose the best transition
On the other hand Although
To put it briefly
_________ I do enjoy cooking as a hobby, I will not prepare all the food for your party.
Choose the best transition
Briefly
In brief
Overall
Summing up
To put it briefly
To sum up
To summarize
Transition words that provide a summary
For fear that
In the hope that
In order to
So
So that
With this in mind
Transition words that provide a purpose
For example
For instance
In particular
Particularly
Specifically
To demonstrate
To illustrate
Transition words that provide an example
after
his team won the game.
;subsequently,
;thereafter,
Marcos scored a goal
Types of Transitions
he can’t play basketball.
;thus,
;consequently,
;therefore,
;hence,
;as a result,
;accordingly,
Marcos broke his leg
Types of Transitions
I think it is an expensive sport.
;on the other hand,
;however,
;on the contrary,
;in contrast,
Marcos enjoys scuba diving
Types of Transitions
$$$
The transition and second clause reemphasize the first clause.
he plays every Saturday.
;in fact,
;indeed,
Marcos plays basketball
Types of Transitions
transition
subject
He, in fact, plays three sports at school.
Marcos is very athletic.
Rather than placing the transition at the beginning of the second sentence, you may place it in the middle of the second sentence after the subject with two commas.
Placement of Transition
Marcos is very athletic. In fact, he plays three sports at school.
In fact,
he plays three sports at school.
Marcos is very athletic.
You can use a transition and comma to tell the reader the logical relationship between two sentences.
Connecting Two Sentences
Marcos is a great swimmer ;furthermore, he’s very good at scuba diving.
; furthermore,
he’s very good at scuba diving.
Marcos is a great swimmer
One way of joining two independent clauses is with a semicolon, a transition, and a comma.
Joining Two Independent Clauses
The transition, however, tells the reader that the logical relationship between the two ideas is contrast.
;however,
his parents won’t allow him to do that.
Marcos loves to go swimming in the ocean.
Example
Choose a transition word to complete the following sentences.
Are you ready?
The second clause is more specific than the first.
he likes hiking, skiing, and fishing.
;for example,
;for instance,
;in particular,
Marcos enjoys outdoor sports
Types of Transitions
Full transcript