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Causes and start of the war

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Samuele Lanzi

on 7 November 2014

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Transcript of Causes and start of the war

Arms race
On July 28rd Austria declared war on Serbia
Political causes
concerned the contrasts between European countries and some internal political issues
a desire by the French to avenge the terrible defeat they had suffered at the hands of the Germans in the 1870-71
the century-old rivalry between Austria and Russia for the control of Balkan area
the unrest of the various nationalities within the Austro-Hungarian Empire
the crisis of the Ottoman Empire (Balkan Wars in 1912-1913)
the presence of two opposing set of State: the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente
Economic Causes
The economic rivalry between Great Britain and Germany
In the early 1900s the volume of German trade had more than doubled growning at a faster rate than that of other industrial countries
all industrial powers needed to expand their markets and secure the supply of raw materials. To this end they had created large colonial empires that they had to defend and if possible expand.
The event that triggered the war
In this contest "a spark" was sufficient to start the conflict
On June 28th 1914 Gavrilo Princip killed archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne, and his wife during their visit to Sarajevo.
On July 23rd Austria sent an ultimatum to Serbia.
The Serbian government had no choice and reject the request

Military causes
Militarism of the great powers
"arms race" undertaken by the major industrial European countries
the pression of the most important industrial group played a important role
Cultural causes
From the early years of 1900 an attitude in favour of the war became common in large sectors of the populations
rampant nationalism
racist theories on the defence of national identity
the application of Darwinism in international relations
the fact that many young men viewed war as the only chance for a change in the social and political situation
Causes and start of the war
WW1 is an important historical event?
Is easier to study WW1?
How many and which causes are there?
Full transcript