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Ullalim: Epic of Kalinga
Transcript of Ullalim: Epic of Kalinga
Epic of Kalinga
This ullalim, which was chanted and dictated by a well known bard of Madukayong, was written down by Matilde Daluping, a teacher.
Conclusion: Surrender and Indemnity paid
An ullalim epic is a traditional music and poetry form of the Philippines. These are long chanted stories passed down for hundreds of years that tell the exploits of heroes. They are classics of the Malayo-Polynesian language family. The most skilled poets would memorize epic cycles that took two to four days to recite during all-night dramatic performances. The term ullalim is sometimes used today to refer to that style of song, but the real ullalim is the epic poem of the Kalinga people. The singer would dress up in brilliant, flashy clothes like the hero described in the story.
Banna makes love with Laggunawa betrothed to Dungdungan
Sample of the original Ullalim verse:
Original English Translation
Banna accomplishes his exploits challenged to him by Dungdungan. He and his warriors shouted for victory that Dulliyaw, his father, prepared a feast. But Dungdungan shouted from afar, alert them to expect more trouble to Banna, the aggrieved suitor of Laggunawa. When, Dungdungan burns Dulawon, Banna's village, Awingan, his brother proposes that they indemnify Dungdungan.
Ullalim: Its Episodes
I. The magic birth of Banna
II. Banna makes love with Laggunawa betrothed to Dungdungan
III. Banna's Exploit
IV. Conclusion: Surrender and Indemnity paid
What's with ULLALIM?
The magic birth of Banna
This ullalim, one of the "Banna-Dulliyaw Cycle" of Southern Kalinga, features the main heroes Dulliyaw of Dulawon and his son, Banna. The 'Bwa' , or betel nut, is the thematic character of the tale - it seems as if it is a real actor who plays an important role not only in the first episode of the story, but more especially hen successive events place Dulliyaw in a hopeless situation. It is through the intermediary of Dulliyaw's betel nut that the young girl, Dinanaw becomes magically pregnant and gives birth to a son whom the bards call Banna. Other characters of the story are Ya-u, Dulaw, and the agta. Dulaw is the betrothed of Ya-u whom Dulliyaw seduces; the agta are the playmates of little Banna.
The ullalim are ballads chanted by talented bards, either men or women, far into the night into Kalinga festal or recreational gatherings and peace pact assemblies. but they are also distinctive epics since they give lively accounts of fictitious battles and fabulous headhunting raids (kayawa) into hostile territory that center around the main hero of the tale. Moreover, the ullalim are romances, for they make the hero obtain the 'mandiga', the "dignified ladies" of his choice. Ullalim is a primitive poetry piece that eulogizes bravery.
The two parties settled in an arranged payment, which is purified gold.
... and they stopped fighting. The Dulawon folks rebuilt their village. Afterwards, Dungdungan married Dinayaw, Banna's sister, and Banna married Laggunawa.