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03.02 Big Picture Africa: Assessment
Transcript of 03.02 Big Picture Africa: Assessment
While over in Great Zimbabwe I learned of many different aspects of their culture. Great Zimbabwe is located in the out skirts of south eastern hills of Zimbabwe near Lake Mutirikwe and close to the Chimanimani Mountains.
The second place I visited was Ethiopia! Ethiopia is a very interesting area located in the area of Eastern Africa. The word Ethiopia is created from the old Latin words "Ethio" which means burned, and "pia" which translates to face, which together translates to create the land of burnt-faced people. However, when Ethiopia first became a country in 1st Century B.C, it was know as the Aksumite Empire.
In my latest venture, I visited the wonderful country that is Kongo. The word Kongo is derived from the name given to a member of an indigenous person living in west-central Africa along the lower course of the Congo River. Kongo may also frequently be called Kikongo, which is the Bantu language of the Bantu language of the Kongo people.
03.02 Big Picture Africa: Assessment
Economic Great Zimbabwe
Great Zimbabwe prospers from transferring
interior trade goods, which was mostly gold, to other countries as a mode of a trading system. The country is often considered the central of gold trading and while I was visiting there I was able to view where a goldsmith works and he even gave me some very valuable gold items!
Political Great Zimbabwe
Strangely enough, along with the city prospering from gold and becoming the center for gold, the city also prospered from their arrange of cattle. Wealth in trade led to a rise of a new elite that ruled Great Zimbabwe from the 11th to the 15th century. The trade of cattle, along with recognition of the cities stone architecture and pottery helped to define and build political aspects of Great Zimbabwe until the fall of the city-state in the late 15th century
The country of Ethiopia is very diverse and special in their social ways and culture. The country of Zimbabwe is divided into four groups. High-ranked Lineages, low-ranked Lineages, Castes groups, and slaves. Many aspects of the traditions implicated in Ethiopia comes from different places such as Italy, Northwest Africa, and India. It is very intriguing!
The word "Zimbabwe" is thought to be derived from a Shona phrase meaning "stone enclosure" or "house of rock." Their exclusive trading network allowed Great Zimbabwe to be one of the most predominant trading regions during the Medieval period. The main trading items were gold, iron, copper, tin, and cattle. The architecture that composed Great Zimbabwe reflected a complex socio-economic system. The stonewalls were constructed to show wealth and power of those who lived within the walls, an elite population which was closely related to a powerful monarchy.
Ethiopia's economy is based on agriculture, and coffee has been a major export crop for many years. Other crops include a variety of grains, such as teff, wheat, barley, corn, sorghum, and millet, pulses; and oilseed. Grains are primary for the diet and are the most important field crops. Pulses are a principal source of protein in the diet. While oilseed consumption is very common due to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church prohibiting the usage of animal fats on many days during the year.
Like the social aspects of the great country I visited, the political section of Ethiopia was developed as a hierarchy. As Axum’s power depleted, the African Agew people filled the discontinuation of power. Over time, they united much of the region and ruled Ethiopia as the Zaqwe Dynasty in the 12th and 13th centuries CE. However, many competed for dominance in the area, and in 1270 CE, the Shewa ruler led a rebellion that established the Solomonic dynasty continued to control Ethiopia into the modern age.
The Kongo Valley became the gathering place of various branches of the people known as Bantu. Between two and three thousand years ago a group of tribes began to move out of the region south or southwest of Lake Chad. From 2000 BCE and forward, the Bantu spread throughout Central and Southern Africa, blending in with the local inhabitants.
By 1000 CE, the peoples south of the rainforests were not only accomplished farmers but also miners, especially of gold, copper and iron, which contributed to the success of the economic aspects of Kongo. Many citizens also specialized in ceramics, patterned textiles, and salt, which was used in many Central Africans used to dry river fish for trade. Wealth through the system of trade led to a creation of a new class that rose to rule what would soon become the Kingdom of Kongo.
Around 1390 CE, Lukeni lua Nimi united several territories under one rule and became the first manikongo (or king). The Kongo became an empire itself that would dominate the region into the 17th century CE. When the Portuguese came in the 1480 CE, the rulers of Kongo quickly forged ties with its rulers, both through trade and through the adoption of Christianity.