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The Battle of Coleto Creek
Transcript of The Battle of Coleto Creek
Roell, Craig H. "The Battle of Coleto Creek." Texas Handbook Online. Texas State Historical Association, May-June 2010. Web. 7 Nov. 2014. <http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qec01>.
Ehrenberg, Herman. "Battle of Coleto Creek and Massacre at Goliad." Texas ATM. Wallace L. McKeehan, 1997-2001. Web. 10 Nov. 2014. <http://www.tamu.edu/faculty/ccbn/dewitt/goliadehrenberg.htm>.
Boyle, Andrew A. "The Battle of Coleto and the Goliad MassacreFrom the Republic Pension Application of Andrew A. Boyle." Texas Treasures. Texas State Library an Archives Comission, 31 Aug. 2011. Web. 10 Nov. 2014. <https://www.tsl.texas.gov/treasures/republic/goliad/boyles.html>.
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Most people only know about the famous battles in the Texas Revolution. Battles like the Alamo, Goliad and Gonzales are commonly heard of everywhere. But the Battle of Coleto Creek was important too. It led to the very important event of the Goliad Massacre.
A Few Maps Marking Where the Battle Took Place
Aftermath and Results
The Battle of Coleto Creek March 19-20,1836
Fanin was told from Sam Houston to retreat from Goliad to Victoria on March 13, But he wanted to choose for himself. He couldn't make up his mind and until José de Urrea was on his heels. He was delayed on his way to Victoria, and cornered in an open prairie near Coleto Creek. Mexican troops tried to overrun his position, but failed to do so and lost many causalities. Sharpshooters picked off the Texans at night, and by morning there were many losses. Fanin decided to surrender, and be taken prisoner.
James Fanin, who was in command of 300 Texan soldiers, led the retreat from Presidio La Bahia in Goliad
José de Urrea, in command of 700-1,000 troops that cornered Fanin in open prairie near Coleto Creek
A memorial was built at the site of the battle.
José de Urrea gave the Texans good terms of surrender. They could return to the United states with all of their private property and never return to Texas. Unfortunately, Santa Anna ordered all of them to be excecuted as pirates and traitors.
Texans: 10 dead, 60 wounded men
Mexicans: 100–200 men killed and wounded